Chairman of Committees (New Zealand House of Representatives)

The Chairman of Committees was an elected position of the New Zealand House of Representatives. The role existed between 1854 and 1992. The roles of the Chairman of Committees were to deputise for the Speaker, and to chair the House when it was in committee. The role is now carried out by the Deputy Speaker. The role of Chairman of Committees also existed for the Legislative Council.

Establishment

The position was established during the first session of the 1st New Zealand Parliament. Parliament first convened on 24 May 1854,[1] and on 21 June of that year, Auckland lawyer Frederick Merriman was elected as its first Chairman of Committees.[2] The role also existed for the Legislative Council, was established in 1865 and first held by Mathew Richmond.[3]

Role

The chief role of the Chairman of Committees was to chair the House when it was in committee (i.e., considering a bill at committee stage) or preside in the absence of the Speaker or when the Speaker so requested. These arrangements were based on those of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.[4]

The Chairman of Committees ceased to hold office on the dissolution of Parliament, but was remunerated until the next Parliament first met, when it then had a chance to elect a new Chairman.[5][6]

Until 1992, the Chairman of Committees was known as the Deputy Speaker only when presiding over the House. That year, the position of Deputy Speaker was made official under the Standing Orders, and the role of Chairman of Committees was discontinued.[5] The first Deputy Speaker was appointed on 10 November 1992.[7]

Office holders

The following is a list of Chairmen of Committees of the House of Representatives:[8][9]

Key

โ€ƒ Independent   โ€ƒ Liberal   โ€ƒ Reform   โ€ƒ United   โ€ƒ Labour   โ€ƒ National  

No. Name Portrait Term start and end dates Parliament
1 Frederick Merriman Frederick W Merriman.jpg 21 June 1854 15 September 1855 1st
2 Hugh Carleton Hugh Francis Carleton, ca 1870s.jpg 17 April 1856 5 November 1860 2nd
11 June 1861 27 January 1866 3rd
4 July 1866 30 December 1870 4th
3 Maurice O'Rorke1 George Maurice Oโ€™Rorke.jpg 16 August 1871 23 October 1872 5th
4 Arthur Seymour Arthur Seymour, NZETC.jpg 16 July 1873 14 May 1875
(3) Maurice O'Rorke George Maurice Oโ€™Rorke.jpg 21 July 1875 6 December 1875
28 June 1876 11 July 1879 6th
(4) Arthur Seymour Arthur Seymour, NZETC.jpg 16 July 1879 15 August 1879
26 September 1879 8 November 1881 7th
5 Ebenezer Hamlin Ebenezer Hamlin, 1882.jpg 30 May 1882 27 June 1884 8th
5 September 1884 15 July 1887 9th
13 October 1887 3 October 1890 10th
6 Westby Perceval Westby Brook Perceval, 1890.jpg 23 June 1891 15 September 1891 11th
7 William Lee Rees William Lee Rees.jpg 18 September 1891 11 July 1893
8 Arthur Guinness1 Arthur Robert Guinness, 1880s.jpg 13 July 1893 8 November 1893
10 July 1894 14 November 1896 12th
9 April 1897 15 November 1899 13th
3 July 1900 5 November 1902 14th
9 John A. Millar John Andrew Millar.jpg 2 July 1903 15 November 1905 15th
10 Roderick McKenzie Roderick McKenzie 1900's.jpg 31 August 1906 29 October 1908 16th
11 Thomas Wilford Thomas Wilford, 1909.jpg 12 June 1909 8 July 1910 17th
12 James Colvin James Colvin.jpg 23 August 1910 20 November 1911
13 Frederic Lang1 Frederic Lang.jpg 2 August 1912 26 June 1913 18th
14 Alexander Malcolm No image.png 4 July 1913 20 November 1914
7 July 1915 27 November 1919 19th
15 July 1920 30 November 1922 20th
15 Alexander Young Alexander Young.jpg 24 July 1923 14 October 1925 21st
16 Frank Hockly Frank Franklin Hockly, 1922.jpg 2 July 1926 18 October 1928 22nd
17 Sydney George Smith Sydney George Smith, year unknown.jpg 11 December 1928 28 May 1930 23rd
18 William Bodkin William Bodkin, 1935.jpg 27 June 1930 27 October 1931
(17) Sydney George Smith Sydney George Smith, year unknown.jpg 27 October 1931 12 November 1931
26 February 1932 12 February 1935 24th
19 Jimmy Nash James Alfred Nash, 1928.jpg 13 February 1935 1 November 1935
20 Ted Howard Ted Howard.jpg 1 April 1936 20 September 1938 25th
21 Robert McKeen1 Robert McKeen, 1935.jpg 29 June 1939 30 August 1943 26th
1 March 1944 4 November 1946 27th
22 Clyde Carr Clyde Carr.jpg 24 June 1947 3 November 1949 28th
23 Cyril Harker No image.png 29 June 1950 27 July 1951 29th
28 September 1951 5 October 1954 30th
30 March 1955 29 October 1957 31st
24 Reginald Keeling[10] Reginald Keeling.jpg 22 January 1958 31 October 1960 32nd
25 Roy Jack1 Roy Jack.jpg 23 June 1961 29 October 1963 33rd
12 June 1964 25 October 1966 34th
26 John Hannibal George No image.png 28 April 1967 28 October 1969 35th
27 Alfred E. Allen1 No image.png 13 March 1970 7 June 1972 36th
28 Richard Harrison1 Richard Harrison MP.png 8 June 1972 26 October 1972
29 Ron Bailey Ron Bailey.jpg 16 February 1973 10 September 1974 37th
30 Jonathan Hunt1 Jonathan Hunt 1986.jpg 17 September 1974 30 October 1975
(28) Richard Harrison1 Richard Harrison MP.png 24 June 1976 9 May 1978 38th
31 Jack Luxton No image.png 12 May 1978 26 October 1978
18 May 1979 29 October 1981 39th
8 April 1982 15 June 1984 40th
32 John Terris[9] Mr J Terris.jpg 17 August 1984 29 July 1987 41st
17 September 1987 10 September 1990 42nd
33 Jim Gerard[9] No image.png 29 November 1990 10 November 1992 43rd

1 Also served as Speaker

Deputy Chairman of Committees

The position of Deputy Chairman of Committees was created in 1975.[11] After the role of Chairman was replaced by that of Deputy Speaker in 1992, the third presiding officer of the House continued to be known as the Deputy Chairman for several more years,[12][13] until the final holder of the office, Peter Hilt, became the first MP to be appointed Assistant Speaker on 21 February 1996.[14]

Key

  National   Labour   United NZ

List of Deputy Chairmen of Committees
No. Name Term start and end dates Parliament
1 Ron Barclay[11] 26 March 1975 30 October 1975 37th
2 Bill Birch[11] 24 June 1976 26 October 1978 38th
3 Tony Friedlander[11] 13 June 1979 29 October 1981 39th
4 Dail Jones[11] 8 April 1982 15 June 1984 40th
5 Trevor Young[11][15] 17 August 1984 29 July 1987 41st
17 September 1987 10 September 1990 42nd
6 Robert Anderson[16] 29 November 1990 23 September 1993 43rd
7 Joy McLauchlan[12] 22 December 1993 27 February 1995 44th
8 Peter Hilt[13] 1 March 1995 21 February 1996

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