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Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
|Died||4 December 1456 (aged 54–55)
Château de Moulins
|Spouse(s)||Agnes of Burgundy|
|Father||John I, Duke of Bourbon|
|Mother||Marie, Duchess of Auvergne|
Charles was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis from 1424, and Duke of Bourbon and Auvergne from 1434 to his death, although due to the imprisonment of his father after the Battle of Agincourt, he acquired control of the duchy more than eighteen years before his father's death.
Charles served with distinction in the Royal army during the Hundred Years' War, while nevertheless maintaining a truce with his brother-in-law and otherwise enemy, Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. Both dukes were reconciled and signed an alliance by 1440. He was present at the coronation of Charles VII where he fulfilled the function of a peer and conferred knighthood.
Despite this service, he took part in the "Praguerie" (a revolt by the French nobles against Charles VII) in 1439–1440. When the revolt collapsed, he was forced to beg for mercy from the King, and was stripped of some of his lands. He died on his estates at Château de Moulins in 1456.
Charles and Agnes had eleven children:
- John of Bourbon (1426–1488), Duke of Bourbon
- Marie de Bourbon (1428–1448), married in 1444 John II, Duke of Lorraine
- Philip of Bourbon (1430–1440), Lord of Beaujeu
- Charles of Bourbon (Château de Moulins 1433–1488, Lyon), Cardinal and Archbishop of Lyon and Duke of Bourbon
- Isabella of Bourbon (1434–1465), married Charles, Duke of Burgundy
- Peter of Bourbon, (1438–1503, Château de Moulins), Duke of Bourbon
- Louis of Bourbon (1438 – August 30, 1482, murdered), Prince-Bishop of Liège
- Margaret of Bourbon (February 5, 1439 – 1483, Château du Pont-Ains), married in Moulins on April 6, 1472, Philip II, Duke of Savoy
- Catharine of Bourbon (Liège, 1440 – May 21, 1469, Nijmegen), married on December 28, 1463, in Bruges Adolf II, Duke of Guelders
- Joanna of Bourbon (1442–1493, Brussels), married in Brussels in 1467 John II of Chalon, Prince of Orange
- James of Bourbon (1445–1468, Bruges), unmarried.
- Boehm, Barbara Drake (2020). A Blessing of Unicorns: The Paris and Cloisters Tapestries. Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- Hand, Joni M. (2017). Women, Manuscripts and Identity in Northern Europe, 1350-1550. Taylor & Francis.
- Kiening, Christian (1994). "Rhétorique de la perte. L'exemple de la mort d'Isabelle de Bourbon (1465)". Médiévales (in French). 13 (27): 15–24. doi:10.3406/medi.1994.1307.
- Pernoud, Régine; Clin, Marie-Véronique (1986). Joan of Arc. Translated by Adams, Jeremy duQuesnay. St.Martin's Press.
- Vaughan, Richard (2004). Philip the Good. The Boydell Press.
Ward, Adolphus William; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Volume 13. The Macmillan Co.
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