Charles I, Duke of Bourbon

Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
Stone statue of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon in the abbey church of Souvigny
Born 1401
Died 4 December 1456 (aged 54–55)
Château de Moulins
Noble family Bourbon
Spouse(s) Agnes of Burgundy
Father John I, Duke of Bourbon
Mother Marie, Duchess of Auvergne

Charles de Bourbon (1401 – 4 December 1456) was the oldest son of John I, Duke of Bourbon and Marie, Duchess of Auvergne.


Charles was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis from 1424, and Duke of Bourbon and Auvergne from 1434 to his death, although due to the imprisonment of his father after the Battle of Agincourt, he acquired control of the duchy more than eighteen years before his father's death.[1]

In 1425, Charles renewed his earlier betrothal by marrying Agnes of Burgundy (1407–1476), daughter of John the Fearless.[2]

Charles served with distinction in the Royal army during the Hundred Years' War, while nevertheless maintaining a truce with his brother-in-law and otherwise enemy, Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. Both dukes were reconciled and signed an alliance by 1440.[2] He was present at the coronation of Charles VII where he fulfilled the function of a peer and conferred knighthood.[1]

Despite this service, he took part in the "Praguerie" (a revolt by the French nobles against Charles VII) in 1439–1440. When the revolt collapsed, he was forced to beg for mercy from the King, and was stripped of some of his lands.[1] He died on his estates at Château de Moulins in 1456.


Charles and Agnes had eleven children:


  1. ^ a b c Pernoud & Clin 1986, p. 177.
  2. ^ a b Vaughan 2004, p. 123.
  3. ^ a b c d Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. table 25.
  4. ^ Boehm 2020, p. 21.
  5. ^ Kiening 1994, p. 17.
  6. ^ Hand 2017, p. Appendix 4.


  • Boehm, Barbara Drake (2020). A Blessing of Unicorns: The Paris and Cloisters Tapestries. Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  • Hand, Joni M. (2017). Women, Manuscripts and Identity in Northern Europe, 1350-1550. Taylor & Francis.
  • Kiening, Christian (1994). "Rhétorique de la perte. L'exemple de la mort d'Isabelle de Bourbon (1465)". Médiévales (in French). 13 (27): 15–24. doi:10.3406/medi.1994.1307.
  • Pernoud, Régine; Clin, Marie-Véronique (1986). Joan of Arc. Translated by Adams, Jeremy duQuesnay. St.Martin's Press.
  • Vaughan, Richard (2004). Philip the Good. The Boydell Press.
  • Ward, Adolphus William; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Volume 13. The Macmillan Co. |volume= has extra text (help)

Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
Born: 1401 Died: 4 December 1456
French nobility
Preceded by Duke of Auvergne
Succeeded by
Preceded by Duke of Bourbon
Count of Forez

Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis