|4th President of South Korea|
October 26, 1979 – August 16, 1980
Acting: October 26, 1979 – December 6, 1979
|Prime Minister||Shin Hyun-hwak|
|Preceded by||Park Chung-hee|
|Succeeded by||Pak Choong-hoon (Acting)
|10th Prime Minister of South Korea|
December 18, 1975 – October 26, 1979
|Preceded by||Kim Jong-pil|
|Succeeded by||Park Chung-hoon|
|Born||(1919-07-16)July 16, 1919
Wonju-myeon, Wonju County, Gangwon, Japanese Korea
|Died||October 22, 2006(2006-10-22) (aged 87)
Mapo-gu, Seoul, South Korea
|Resting place||Daejeon National Cemetery|
Hong Gi ( m. 1935)
|Alma mater||University of Tsukuba|
|Revised Romanization||Choe Gyu-ha|
After the assassination of Park Chung-hee in 1979, Choi became acting president; the prime minister stood next in line for the presidency under Article 48 of the Yushin Constitution. Due to the unrest resulting from Park's authoritarian rule, Choi promised democratic elections, as under Park elections had been widely seen as rigged. Choi also promised a new constitution to replace the highly authoritarian Yushin Constitution. Choi won an election in December that year to become the country's fourth president.
Coup d'etat and forced resignation
In December 1979, Major General Chun Doo-hwan and close allies within the military staged a coup d'état against Choi's government. They quickly removed the army chief of staff and virtually controlled the government by early 1980.
In April 1980, due to increasing pressure from Chun and other politicians, Choi appointed Chun head of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency. In May, Chun declared martial law and dropped all pretense of civilian government, becoming the de facto ruler of the country. By then, student protests were escalating in Seoul and Gwangju. The protests in Gwangju resulted in the Gwangju uprising in which about 987 civilians were killed within a five-day period by Chun's military.
- "Daejeon National Cemetery Timeline". Daejeon National Cemetery. Retrieved 28 September 2014.