Chuncheon

Chuncheon

춘천시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 춘천시
 • Hanja 春川市
 • Revised Romanization Chuncheon-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Ch'unch'ŏn-si
View of Soyang Bridge and Seoyang River
View of Soyang Bridge and Seoyang River
Official logo of Chuncheon
Emblem of Chuncheon
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 37°52′N 127°44′E / 37.867°N 127.733°E / 37.867; 127.733Coordinates: 37°52′N 127°44′E / 37.867°N 127.733°E / 37.867; 127.733
Country  South Korea
Region Yeongseo, Gwandong
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 9 myeon, 15 dong
Area
 • Total 1,116.43 km2 (431.06 sq mi)
Population
 (Feb 2012)
 • Total 281,725
 • Density 225/km2 (580/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Gangwon
Area code(s) +82-33-2xx
Climate Dwa

Chuncheon (Korean춘천; Hanja春川市; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰun.tɕʰʌn]; formerly romanized as Chunchŏn; literally spring river) is the capital of Gangwon Province in South Korea. The city lies in the north of the county, located in a basin formed by the Soyang River and Han River. There are some large lakes around the city, most notably Lake Soyang and Lake Uiam (or Dam Uiam). The area is renowned for its small river islands, such as Sangjungdo, Ha-Jungdo, Bungeodo and Wido

It is a popular destination among east Asian tourists as it was featured in the popular Korean drama Winter Sonata (겨울연가). It is where the resort island of Namiseom is located.

History

The area now occupied by the city was first settled about 1000 years ago. In 637 AD the city was called Usooju. In 757 AD it was renamed Saku and again in 940 AD as Chunju (춘주; 春州) before receiving its current name in 1413. In 1896, Chuncheon became the capital city of Gangwon province. The city was largely destroyed during the Korean War in the Battle of Chuncheon.

Uiam Dam on the Bukhan River was completed in 1967.[1] In 1995 Chuncheon city was merged with the government of the surrounding Chuncheon county.

Culture

In the spring, the Chuncheon International Mime Festival is held, as well as the Spring Season Art Festival. In the summer, the Chuncheon Puppet Festival takes place. There is also a Makguksu festival; a cold noodle dish that originated in Chuncheon. Also celebrated in the summer is the International Animation Festival. The city has had its own annual marathon race since 1946; the Chuncheon Marathon is held every October. In winter, snow and ice festivals are organized. Currently, MAC Architects-Consultants Group Ltd. (명승건축그룹) is building the Design and Arts Arcadia of Myungseung in Chuncheon.

According to the legend surrounding Cheongpyeongsa temple in Chuncheon-si, a man loved a princess so much that he became a snake and would not leave her alone. When she begged leave to collect rice from the temple, the snake let her go but then went looking for her, only to be struck dead by lightning. The princess then buried him at the temple.[2]

Food

The city was historically known as a chicken farming region, and is famous for "dak galbi", which translates as chicken ribs. It consists of chicken, sliced cabbage, sweet potatoes, tteok (rice cakes), and scallions, mixed with a spicy sauce heavy on gochujang. It is usually cooked in a big iron pan in the center of the table, but the original method is over charcoal. Despite the name, the dish is traditionally made from leg meat, not ribs.[3] There is even a street in the city dedicated to restaurants serving the dish, with some 25 restaurants populating the area.[4]

Also, Makguksu noodle is famous among the nation.

Tourism

Festivities

Gim Yujeong munhakje is a literature festival that takes place in April every year in memorial of the novelist Gim Yujeong.[5] Uiam jae is another festival in April in which people worship Nongae who sacrificed herself for the country. [6] In May, the Chuncheon International Mime Festival gathers troupes from places including Denmark, Taiwan, Germany etc., to give theatre and dance performance. [7] Chuncheon art festival in July provides performers with opportunities to show off their talents and skills.[8] Chuncheon International Early Music Festival also takes place in July with a wide range of classical Music of Korea. [9] Chuncheon Puppet Festival showcases traditional puppet shows every August while traditional theatre plays are performed on Chuncheon International Theatre Festival in September[10] Chuncheon International AniTown Festival in September is a free event that enables participants to learn more about animation production. [11]

In August, visitors can enjoy traditional Chuncheon cuisines like Dak-galbi(spicy chicken ribs) and Mak-guksu (buckwheat noodles) during the Chuncheon chicken ribs & makguksu Festival[12] Soyang festival which takes place in September promotes the cultural history of the Soyang Dam.[13]

There are three marathons in Chuncheon every year. The National inlineskate Chuncheon Marathon takes place in April while The Chosun Ilbo Chuncheon Marathon[14] and the Lakeside Chuncheon Marathon Festival[15]are both held in October. [16] People participates in Chuncheon Open International Taekwondo Championships in June to compete for championship in the Korean martial arts Taekwondo.[17] Gangchon national MTB Challenge Competition September is a Mountain bike racing festival.[18]

Economy

Chuncheon is the market center for agricultural produce from the surrounding area. The main products are rice and soybeans. Since the 1960s light industry has become dominant in the city. After the huge success of the TV drama Winter Sonata, the city has also become a major "Korean Wave" (Han-ryu, 한류) tourist destination, attracting visitors from around East Asia.[19]

Legoland Korea is also under construction in Chuncheon. The first Legoland in Northeast Asia, it will be built in a 1.29 square kilometer parcel of land in Jungdo island and is expected to draw over a million tourists when it opens. It will be the largest Legoland in the world.[20]

There are hydroelectric powerplants in the area around Chuncheon. The Soyang Dam is the largest sand gravel dam in East Asia.[21]

Population

The following table is about transition of population per five-year.[22]

Year Total Population
1965 191,576
1970 209,821
1975 204,246
1980 210,985
1985 213,198
1990 217,869
1995 233,016
2000 251,991
2005 256,455
2010 272,739
2015 281,725

Education

National Universities
Private Universities

Transportation

Chuncheon Station, before reconstruction

As of June 2014, there are two train stations in the Chuncheon suburban area: the terminus of the Gyeongchun Line, Chuncheon Station, and the busier Namchuncheon Station. Gimyujeong, Baegyang-ri, Gulbongsan, and Gangchon stations, all located in rural Chuncheon, attracts tourists. Gangchon is one of the most favorite recreational destination for university students. The Gyeongchun Line is a double track rapid transit commuter train that connects to Yongsan, Cheongnyangni and Sangbong stations in Seoul. On 21 December 2010, a new realignment of the Gyeongchun Line was opened, and several new or transferable stations have since been opened to replace the existing stations outside Chuncheon, such as Cheonmasan, Sinnae, and Byeollae.

Chuncheon is the northern terminus of the publicly funded Jungang Expressway, and the main destination of the privately run Seoul-Chuncheon Expressway, as also known as Gyeongchun Expressway that connects to Seoul and Hongcheon-east.[23] As of 2017, the expressway has been extended to east coast city of Yangyang, thus renamed to Seoul-Yangyang Expressway. Chuncheon Bus Terminal connects to all major cities in mainland South Korea.

On National roads-wise, Chuncheon is also the main strategic destination that connects between Changwon to Cheolwon of Route (Number) 5, Incheon to Goseong of 46, and Cheolwon to Yangyang of 56.

There are also river transport facilities in Soyangho (Lake Soyang), which connects to Cheongpyeongsa (청평사, Buddhist) temple.[21]

Climate

Chuncheon has a Monsoon-influenced Humid continental climate (Köppen: Dwa)[24] with cold winters and hot summers. The lowest measured temperature was −27.9 °C (−18 °F) (6 February 1969),[25] and the highest was 40.6 °C (105 °F) (1 August 2018),.[26] The annual precipitation is an average of 1347.3 mm.

Sports

International competitions

High1 (Korean: 하이원) is an ice hockey team based in Chuncheon. The club was a member of the Asia League Ice Hockey between 2005 and 2019.

Domestic competitions

Chuncheon's association football club, Chuncheon FC, is a member of the K3 League Advanced, an amateur football competition and the fourth tier of the South Korean football league system. The club was founded on 27 February 2010 with its home at the Chuncheon Stadium.

Notable people from Chuncheon

Sister cities

Chuncheon-si protested against the enactment of "Day of Takeshima" ordinance of Shimane Prefecture , which expressed dispute over the Dokdo Islands, and announced suspension of its sisterhood relationship with Kakamigahara in March 2005.[31]

City State Country Year launched Year terminated
Higashichikuma District  Nagano Prefecture  Japan 8 June 1984
Hōfu  Yamaguchi Prefecture  Japan 29 October 1991
Dongdaemun District Seoul  South Korea 2003
Ansan-si Gyeonggi-do  South Korea 2011
Kakamigahara  Gifu Prefecture  Japan 31 October 2003 25 June 2005
Addis Ababa Addis Ababa (State)  Ethiopia 2 May 2004
Nanyang Henan China China 15 September 2012

See also

References

  1. ^ Young-kwon Kim; Korea (South). Haeoe Kongbogwan; Soo-jung Lee (1978). A Handbook of Korea. Korean Overseas Information Service, Ministry of Culture and Information. p. 576. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  2. ^ Cin Woo Lee "Simply stunning: 33 incredible Korean temples" Archived 17 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine CNN Go. 10 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012
  3. ^ "Hansik.org". Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  4. ^ Chuncheon's Dakgalbi (spicy stir-fried chicken with vegetables) Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Tour2Korea.com, Retrieved on 14 April 2006
  5. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  6. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  8. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  9. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  10. ^ "CITF". citf.or.kr. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  11. ^ "GimC:Gangwon Information & Multimedia Corporation". gimc.or.kr.
  12. ^ 2018 춘천막국수닭갈비축제. www.mdfestival.com.
  13. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  14. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  15. ^ 춘천호반마라톤대회, 2018 함기용 세계제패기념 제15회. 2018 함기용 세계제패기념 제15회 춘천호반마라톤대회. hoban.wizrun.com.
  16. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  17. ^ "koreaopentkd.org". www.koreaopentkd.org.
  18. ^ "Tour.chuncheon.go.kr". Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  19. ^ A promo page of Gangwon Drama Gallery Archived 27 September 2007 at Archive.today, Chuncheon City, 2005
  20. ^ "Legoland to break ground in Korea". Korea Herald. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  21. ^ a b Lake Soyang (Gangwon province) Archived 11 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Population and housing census".
  23. ^ In contrast of private-owned Seoul-Chuncheon, The current line of Chuncheon Junction to East Hongcheon interchange is run by KEC, publicly.
  24. ^ https://en.climate-data.org/asia/south-korea/gangwon-do/chuncheon-4141/?amp=true
  25. ^ 전년 일최저기온 (℃) 최저순위, 지점:101 지명:춘천 Korea Meteorological Administration
  26. ^ 전년 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 지점:93 지명:북춘천 Korea Meteorological Administration
  27. ^ 평년값자료(1981–2010), 춘천(101) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  28. ^ 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 춘천(101) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  29. ^ 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 춘천(101) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  30. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  31. ^ 冬ソナ・春川市も交流中断 姉妹関係の各務原市などと) (in Japanese). Kyodo News. 18 March 2005.

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