Chungju

Chungju

충주시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 충주시
 • Hanja 忠州市
 • Revised Romanization Chungju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Ch'ungju-si
Korea-Chungju-Mountain-01.jpg
Official logo of Chungju
Emblem of Chungju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 36°58′N 127°57′E / 36.967°N 127.950°E / 36.967; 127.950Coordinates: 36°58′N 127°57′E / 36.967°N 127.950°E / 36.967; 127.950
Country South Korea
Region Hoseo
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 12 myeon, 12 dong
Area
 • Total 153.45 km2 (59.25 sq mi)
Population
 (November 2010)
 • Total 218,098
 • Dialect
Chungcheong

Chungju (충주시) is a city in North Chungcheong province, South Korea. Uamsan is a mountain located within the outskirts of the city.

The city is famous for the annual martial arts festival held in October. Also of note, former UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon grew up here.[citation needed]

Symbol

The city's symbols include the chrysanthemum (as the city flower), Mandarin duck (city bird) and apple tree (city tree).[citation needed]

History

During Hideyoshi's Invasions of Korea Chungju was the site of the Battle of Chungju, where the Korean general Shin Rip was defeated by the Japanese general Konishi Yukinaga. This defeat resulted in King Seonjo fleeing from Hanseong (Seoul) to Pyongyang.

Chungju Lake

Chungju Dam is the country's biggest multi-purpose dam that links together Chungju and its neighborhoods. It creates a manmade lake with a vast body of water.

Woraksan Mt and Songnae valley are located nearby. Additionally, this area has cherished cave area/springs.[1]

2013 World Rowing Championships

The 2013 World Rowing Championships were held at Tangeum Lake, Chungju between August 25 – September 1.[2]

Olympic and Paralympic Qualification Regatta

It had been intended that the Asia and Oceania Qualification Regatta for the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games would be held there from April 27 to 30,[3] but it was cancelled because of the coronavirus outbreak.[4]

Products

Chungju is famous for its production of apples. The principal reasons being because of the large amount of daylight received and high difference of temperatures.[5] The growing of apples started 300 years ago from China and it was 1912 when the city officially began to plant trees.[6] As of 2009, apple cultivation area is 1,871 ㏊ and production amount is 41,592. The production of apple is 44.6% in Chungcheongbuk-do (as of 2009).[6] The scale is the greatest in Chungcheongbuk-do.[6][needs update]

Education

There are two universities in Chungju: Konkuk University (Chungju campus) and Korea National University of Transportation (formed by the 2012 merger of Chungju National University and Korea National Railroad College). As well as being the home to these two Universities, Chungju also has many primary, middle and high schools with excellent classroom facilities.

There is one international school, Chungju Chinese Elementary School.[7]

Climate

Sister cities

City Division Country Year
Yugawara  Kanagawa Prefecture Japan 1994
Taichung N/A Taiwan 1969
Musashino  Tokyo Japan 1997
Daqing Heilongjiang China 2001

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ [출발!2박 2일] 충주호, Hankook Ilbo May 29, 2003
  2. ^ Venue: Tangeum Lake Archived July 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, 2013 Chungju, South Korea.
  3. ^ "2020 FISA Asia & Oceania Olympic and Paralympic Qualification Regatta". worldrowing.com. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Decision of the FISA Executive Committee related to the impact of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) on World Rowing Events – 27 Feb". worldrowing.com. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  5. ^ 충주사과가 좋은 이유 [Why Chungju Apple is Good?]. www.chungju.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c 충주사과 재배역사 [Chungju apple cultivation history]. www.chungju.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  7. ^ 忠州華僑小學校 (in Chinese). International School Information, Government of South Korea. Retrieved March 30, 2016. 9 Gaenggogae-ro, Chungju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, 380–950, Korea
  8. ^ 평년값자료 (1981–2010) 충주(127) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  9. ^ 기후자료 극값 (최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 충주 (127) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  10. ^ 기후자료 극값 (최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 충주 (127) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  11. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 7, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016.

External links

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