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City of Dunedin (New Zealand electorate)
City of Dunedin, during the first two parliaments called Town of Dunedin, was a parliamentary electorate in Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand. It was one of the original electorates created in 1853 and existed, with two breaks, until 1905. The first break, from 1862 to 1866, was caused by an influx of people through the Otago Gold Rush, when many new electorates were formed in Otago. The second break occurred from 1881 to 1890. It was the only New Zealand electorate that was created as a single-member, two-member and three member electorate.
In December 1887, the House of Representatives voted to reduce its membership from general electorates from 91 to 70. The 1890 electoral redistribution used the same 1886 census data used for the 1887 electoral redistribution. In addition, three-member electorates were introduced in the four main centres. This resulted in a major restructuring of electorates, and Dunedin was one of eight electorates to be re-created for the 1890 election.
From 1853 to 1860, the electorate was known as the Town of Dunedin. From 1860 to 1905, it was the City of Dunedin.
James Gordon Stuart Grant was a local eccentric and a frequent candidate from 1867 to 1884.
The 1875 election was contested by eight candidates. The three candidates on the anti-centralist ticket, James Macandrew, William Larnach and Robert Stout, were all successful. They beat William Reynolds, James Macassey Henry Fish, James Grant and John Armstrong.
Larnach resigned on 31 May 1878.
The 1893 election was contested by eight candidates, who contested three available positions. William Hutchison and David Pinkerton were incumbents who were successful, William Earnshaw was the third successful candidate (he had represented the Peninsula electorate in the previous Parliament), the previous representative Henry Fish came fourth, Hugh Gourley was fifth, with other unsuccessful candidates being James Gore, Charles Haynes, and David Nicol.
Dunedin will be recreated for the 2020 general election as a single-member electorate, as Dunedin no longer has a population large enough to support two electorates. The electorate, however, will not include South Dunedin, as that will be part of a recreated Taieri electorate.
Members of Parliament
The multi-member electorate was represented by 23 Members of Parliament:
From 1853 to 1860, Town of Dunedin was a single-member electorate.
From 1860 to 1863, and 1866 to 1875 City of Dunedin was a two-member electorate. Under the Representation Act 1862 the City of Dunedin electorate was abolished, with two new electorates, Dunedin and Suburbs North and Dunedin and Suburbs South replacing it, with elections being held on 28 March to 6 April 1863 respectively. All electorates before and after changes returned two members, with each of the previous incumbents in City of Dunedin being assigned an incumbency in one of the Dunedin Suburbs electorates, although Thomas Dick resigned before taking up his entitlement in Dunedin and Suburbs North, forcing the 1863 by-election.
|1860 election||Thomas Dick||Edward McGlashan|
|1st 1862 by-election||Thomas Dick|
|2nd 1862 by-election||John Richardson|
|3rd 1862 by-election||James Paterson|
|Electorate abolished 1862 see Dunedin and Suburbs North and Dunedin and Suburbs South)|
|1866 election||William Reynolds||James Paterson|
|1867 by-election||William Reynolds|
|1869 by-election||Thomas Birch|
|1871 election||John Bathgate|
|1874 by-election||Nathaniel Wales|
From 1875 to 1881, and 1890 to 1905 City of Dunedin was a three-member electorate.
|1875 election||James Macandrew||William Larnach||Robert Stout|
|1878 by-election||Richard Oliver|
|1879 by-election||William Stewart|
|1879 election||Thomas Dick|
|(Electorate abolished 1881–1890, see Dunedin Central, Dunedin East and Dunedin West)|
|1890 election||William Hutchison||David Pinkerton||Henry Fish|
|1893 election||William Earnshaw|
|1896 election||Scobie Mackenzie||John A. Millar||Henry Fish|
|1897 by-election||Alexander Sligo|
|1899 election||James Arnold||Alfred Barclay|
|1902 election||Harry Bedford|
|(Electorate abolished 1905, see Dunedin Central, Dunedin North and Dunedin South)|
|Liberal–Labour||John A. Millar||9,045||61.70||+14.78|
|Liberal||Alfred Richard Barclay||7,363||50.23|
|Liberal||Charles Robert Chapman||1,222||8.34|
|Independent Liberal||William Hutchison||2,030||18.22|
|Liberal–Labour||John A. Millar||6,236||46.92|
|Conservative||Alexander Campbell Begg||4,409||33.17|
|Independent||Alfred Henry Burton||274||2.06|
|Independent||Frederick Marler Lester||209||1.57|
- Majority is difference between lowest winning poll (Fish - 6,067) and highest losing poll (Pinkerton - 5,689)
|Conservative||Richard Henry Leary||1,838||36.43|
|Liberal||Alfred Lee Smith||1,835||36.38|
1879 City of Dunedin by-election
|Independent||William Downie Stewart Sr||726||54.18|
|Independent||James Gordon Stuart Grant||51||3.81|
1878 City of Dunedin by-election
|Independent||Charles Stephen Reeves||658||46.11|
1874 City of Dunedin by-election
|Independent||George Elliott Barton||541||44.75|
|Independent||James Gordon Stuart Grant||39||3.23|
1869 City of Dunedin by-election
|Independent||James Gordon Stuart Grant||179||23.65|
1867 City of Dunedin by-election
|Independent||James Gordon Stuart Grant||52||13.51|
May 1862 City of Dunedin by-election
|Independent||William John Dyer||34||15.60|
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