Clare Turlay Newberry
Clare Turlay Newberry
|Born||(1903-04-10)April 10, 1903
|Died||February 12, 1970(1970-02-12) (aged 66)
San Diego, California
|Education||University of Oregon, School of the Portland Art Museum, and the California School of Fine Arts|
|Known for||Illustrator, Writer|
Clare Turlay Newberry (April 10, 1903 – February 12, 1970) was an American author and illustrator of 17 published children's books, who achieved fame for her drawings of cats, the subject of all but three of her books. Four of her works were named Caldecott Honor Books.
Born in Enterprise, Oregon, she began drawing cats at the age of two and sold her first illustrations, a series of paper dolls, to the children's magazine John Martin's Book at age 16. She spent a year at the University of Oregon (1921–1922), then studied art at the School of the Portland Art Museum (1922–23) and the California School of Fine Arts (1923–24), but never finished her academic art training.
In 1930 she went to Paris to study at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. The next year, in order to earn enough for passage to return to the US, she illustrated a story she had written before leaving for Paris, about a little girl named Sally who got a lion for her birthday. It was published as her first book, Herbert the Lion, to acclaim. The New York Times praised it as "refreshingly imaginative" and "full of high spirited nonsense".
She had hoped to become a portrait painter, but she abandoned this in 1934 for cat illustration. Her next book, Mittens, was the story of a six-year-old boy who posts an ad for his lost kitten. It became a bestseller and was named one of the Fifty Books of the Year by the American Institute of Graphic Arts. Her four Caldecott Honor Books were Barkis, about a sister jealous of a brother's new puppy, Marshmallow, about the relationship between a cat and a baby rabbit, April's Kittens, about a family with an extra kitten in an apartment that permits only one cat, and T-Bone the Babysitter, about a cat with spring fever. Her book Smudge was also one of the AIGA Fifty Books of the Year.
With the exception of Herbert the Lion and Lambert's Bargain, about the birthday gift of a hyena, Newberry's subjects were all drawn from life. In 1946, she purchased a month-old ocelot named Joseph for $500 from a sailor who brought it from Venezuela. The New York Times reported the news with the headline "Still A Lot For Ocelot". After using the ocelot, now dubbed Rufus, as a live drawing model, Newberry offered to give the ocelot away to a good home, but unfortunately Rufus died, possibly from a disease acquired from one of his many visitors or prospective owners.
- Herbert the Lion, 1931.
- Mittens, 1936.
- Babette, 1937.
- Barkis, 1938. Caldecott Honors winner
- Cousin Toby, 1939.
- April's Kittens, 1940. Caldecott Honors winner
- Drawing a Cat, 1940.
- Lambert's Bargain, 1941.
- Marshmallow, 1942. Caldecott Honors winner
- Pandora, 1944.
- The Kittens ABC, 1946, revised edition, 1965.
- Smudge, 1948. Caldecott Honors winner
- T-Bone the Babysitter, 1950. American Institute of Graphic Arts as one of the best in 1948
- Percy, Polly, and Pete, 1952.
- Ice Cream for Two, 1953.
- Widget, 1958.
- Frosty, 1961.
- Sandra Imdieke (August 2003). "Clare Turlay Newberry". In Bernice E. Cullinan; Diane Goetz Person. The Continuum encyclopedia of children's literature. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 586. ISBN 978-0-8264-1516-5. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
- "Clare Turlay Newberry." Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale Biography In Context. Web. Aug. 26, 2011.
- Sandra Ray (1995). "Clare Turlay Newberry". In Anita Silvey. Children's books and their creators. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 485–86. ISBN 978-0-395-65380-7. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
- A.T.E. (November 15, 1936). "The Changing Art of Children's Books". New York Times. pp. BR41.
- "Still A Lot For Ocelot: Woman Artist Pays $500 For Pet Brought Here By Seaman". New York Times. April 24, 1946. p. 27.
- "Ocelot – Want It Or Not?: Artist Is Willing to Give Away Animal That Cost $500". New York Times. July 10, 1946. p. 25.
- "Ocelot Gone, Not Forgot: Owner Who Offered to Give Pet Away Tells of His Death". New York Times. July 18, 1946. p. 27.