Clutha (New Zealand electorate)

Clutha was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1866 to 1996.

Population centres

In the 1865 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives focussed its review of electorates to South Island electorates only, as the Central Otago Gold Rush had caused significant population growth, and a redistribution of the existing population. Fifteen additional South Island electorates were created, including Clutha, and the number of Members of Parliament was increased by 13 to 70.[1]

This electorate covered South Otago and contained the settlements of Balclutha, Kaitangata, and Owaka.[2]

History

The electorate was established in 1865 for the 1866 election.[3] The first representative was James Macandrew, who had served on all previous parliaments.[4] At the 1871 election, Macandrew successfully stood in the Port Chalmers,[4] and Clutha was won by James Thomson.[5] In the 1887 election, Thomson was defeated by Thomas Mackenzie.[6] Mackenzie retired from Parliament at the end of the third term for Clutha in 1996.[7]

The 1896 election was won by James Thomson, who thus started his second period of service. Thomson retired after three terms in 1905, and this was also the end of his political career.[5]

In the 1996 election, the first MMP election, the electorate was combined with the adjacent Wallace electorate into the Clutha-Southland electorate.

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by ten Members of Parliament:[3]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Conservative    Reform    National  

Election results

1931 election

1931 general election: Clutha [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent United Peter McSkimming 4,751 59.60
Reform Fred Waite 3,221 40.40 -12.82
Majority 1,530 19.19 +12.75
Informal votes 145 1.79
Turnout 8,117 86.68 -2.82
Registered electors 9,364

1928 election

1928 general election: Clutha [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform Fred Waite 4,318 53.22 +1.84
Liberal–Labour Joseph Stephens[11] 3,795 46.78
Majority 523 6.45 -15.04
Turnout 8,175 89.50 +6.92
Registered electors 9,134

1925 election

1925 general election: Clutha [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform Fred Waite 3,604 51.38
Liberal John Edie 2,097 29.90
Labour John W Fenton 1,313 18.72
Majority 1,507 21.49

1899 election

1899 general election: Clutha [13] [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James William Thomson 1,809 48.55
Liberal Finlay McLeod 1,312 35.21
Independent Alexander Malcolm 605 16.24
Majority 497 13.34
Turnout 3,726 75.65
Registered electors 4,925

1893 election

1893 general election: Clutha [15] [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Mackenzie 1,971 63.38
Liberal James Burgh 1,139 36.62
Majority 832 26.75
Turnout 3,110 75.50
Registered electors 4,119

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