Colorado Party (Uruguay)

Colorado Party

Partido Colorado
President Max Sapolinski
Founder Fructuoso Rivera
Founded 17 September 1836; 183 years ago (1836-09-17)
Headquarters Martínez Trueba 1271, Montevideo
Ideology Liberalism (Uruguay)
Social liberalism
Political position Centre
International affiliation None
Regional affiliation COPPPAL
Colors           Red, yellow
Chamber of Deputies
13 / 99
4 / 30
Party flag
Flag of Colorado Party (Uruguay).svg

The Colorado Party (Spanish: Partido Colorado, lit. "The Red Party") is a political party in Uruguay.


The party seeks to unite moderate and liberal groups, although its members have had a diverse set of ideologies since its foundation, including Krausism, social democracy, and liberal conservatism, as well as general pragmatism. It was the dominant party of government almost without exception during the stabilization of the Uruguayan republic.

2004 national elections

At the 2004 national elections, the Colorado Party won 10 seats out of 99 in the Chamber of Representatives and 3 seats out of 31 in the Senate. Its presidential candidate, Guillermo Stirling, won 10.4% of the popular vote.

Earlier history

The Colorado Party was founded in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 17 September 1836.

Some of its major historical leaders were Fructuoso Rivera, Venancio Flores, José Batlle y Ordóñez, Luis Batlle Berres, Jorge Pacheco Areco, Juan María Bordaberry, Julio María Sanguinetti and Jorge Batlle.

The party has historically been the most elected party in Uruguayan history with almost uninterrupted dominance during the 20th century. The Colorados were in office from 1865 to 1959, when they were defeated by the Partido Nacional in the 1958 elections. They returned to office after the 1966 elections. They won the first elections at the end of the military dictatorship, in 1984. They went on to win the 1994 and 1999 elections.

Traditional rivals

From its birth until the last decades of the 20th century its traditional rival was the conservative Partido Nacional (also called Partido Blanco).

Post 2004: defeat at polls and rise of Pedro Bordaberry Herrán

The Colorado Party suffered its worst defeat ever in the 2004 national elections, with little over 10 per cent of the popular vote for its presidential candidate Guillermo Stirling, and having only three out of thirty national Senators. Reasons for the party's weak results were many, but these include the economic crisis and old party leaders.

Subsequently, to his defeat in 2004, Guillermo Stirling endorsed Pedro Bordaberry Herrán's Vamos Uruguay movement. Bordaberry Herrán became the presidential candidate for the 2009 presidential election, and placed third, with 17 percent of the vote, behind José Mujica and Luis Alberto Lacalle. Bordaberry Herrán placed third again in the 2014 presidential election, with 13% of the vote.

See also