Constitution of Mongolia

Constitution of Mongolia
Original title Монгол Улсын
Үндсэн Хууль
Jurisdiction Mongolia
Ratified January 13, 1992
Date effective February 12, 1992
System Unitary semi-presidential
constitutional republic
Branches Three
Head of state President
Chambers Unicameral
(State Great Khural)
Executive Prime Minister led cabinet
Judiciary Supreme Court
Federalism Unitary
Electoral college No
First legislature July 21, 1992
First executive June 6, 1993 (President)
July 21, 1992 (PM)
Amendments 2
Last amended July 22, 2014
Location Ulaanbaatar
Commissioned by People's Great Khural
Supersedes Constitution of the Mongolian People's Republic

Constitution of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Үндсэн Хууль, Mongol Ulsīn Ündsen Húlĭ, "General Law of the Mongolian State") is the constitution of Mongolia.

It was adopted on January 13, 1992, put into force on February 12, and amended in 1999 and 2001. The new constitution established a representative democracy in Mongolia, guaranteeing freedom of religion, rights, travel, expression, unalienable rights, government setup, election cycle, and other matters. It was written after the 1990 Mongolian democratic revolution that dissolved the Mongolian People's Republic. It consists of a preamble followed by six chapters divided into 70 articles.[1]

It is very close to and/or inspired by Western constitutions in terms of freedom of press, inalienable rights, freedom to travel, and other rights.

Previous constitutions had been adopted in 1924, 1940 and 1960.

Chapters

Chapter One

Declares the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Mongolian state. Defines relationship between religion and state. Defines Mongolian emblem, flag, and anthem.[2]

Chapter Two

Specifies the civil, political, and human rights of the individual. Freedom of religion, of expression, of the press, the right to vote. Equality before the law. The right to Health care, education, and intellectual property. Also lists duties of the citizen, including paying taxes and serving in the armed forces.[3]

Chapter Three

Defines the structure of the legal system and form of the republic. Describes the structure of the government.

Chapter Four

Codifies the administrative districts of Mongolia and describes the relationship between national and local government.[3]

Chapter Five

Establishes a Constitutional Court to make rulings on interpretation of the constitution.[3]

Chapter Six

Describes the amendment process for changing the constitution.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 38
  2. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 38-39
  3. ^ a b c d Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 39

Further reading

  • S. Narangerel, Legal System of Mongolia, Interpress, 2004

External links