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Constitution of Mongolia
|Constitution of Mongolia|
|Original title||Монгол Улсын
|Ratified||January 13, 1992|
|Date effective||February 12, 1992|
|System||Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic|
|Head of state||President|
(State Great Khural)
|Executive||Prime Minister led cabinet|
|First legislature||July 21, 1992|
|First executive||June 6, 1993 (President)
July 21, 1992 (PM)
|Last amended||July 22, 2014|
|Commissioned by||People's Great Khural|
|Supersedes||Constitution of the Mongolian People's Republic|
It was adopted on January 13, 1992, put into force on February 12, and amended in 1999 and 2001. The new constitution established a representative democracy in Mongolia, guaranteeing freedom of religion, rights, travel, expression, unalienable rights, government setup, election cycle, and other matters. It was written after the Mongolian Revolution of 1990 and dissolved the People's Republic of Mongolia. It consists of a preamble followed by six chapters divided into 70 articles.
Previous constitutions had been adopted in 1924, 1940 and 1960.
Declares the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Mongolian state. Defines relationship between religion and state. Defines Mongolian emblem, flag, and anthem.
Specifies the civil, political, and human rights of the individual. Freedom of religion, of expression, of the press, the right to vote. Equality before the law. The right to Health care, education, and intellectual property. Also lists duties of the citizen, including paying taxes and serving in the armed forces.
Defines the structure of the legal system and form of the republic. Describes the structure of the government.
Codifies the administrative districts of Mongolia and describes the relationship between national and local government.
Establishes a Constitutional Court to make rulings on interpretation of the constitution.
Describes the amendment process for changing the constitution.
- S. Narangerel, Legal System of Mongolia, Interpress, 2004
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