Corrèze

Corrèze
Corresa  (Occitan)
Prefecture building in Tulle
Prefecture building in Tulle
Flag of Corrèze
Coat of arms of Corrèze
Location of Corrèze in France
Location of Corrèze in France
Coordinates: 45°20′N 1°50′E / 45.333°N 1.833°E / 45.333; 1.833Coordinates: 45°20′N 1°50′E / 45.333°N 1.833°E / 45.333; 1.833
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Tulle
Subprefectures Brive-la-Gaillarde
Ussel
Government
 • President of the Departmental Council Pascal Coste (LR)
Area
1
 • Total 5,857 km2 (2,261 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total 241,535
 • Rank 82nd
 • Density 41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 19
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 280
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Corrèze (French pronunciation: [kɔʁɛz] (About this soundlisten); Occitan: Corresa) is a department in France, named after the river Corrèze which runs through it. Its capital is Tulle, and its most populated town is Brive-la-Gaillarde.

The inhabitants of the department are called Corréziens.

Geography

The department makes up of most of Lower Limousin and owes its name to the Corrèze river whose entire course flows through the centre, and passes through the two main cities, Tulle and Brive. Tulle is the prefecture of Corrèze and Brive-la-Gaillarde the largest city.

Location

Since 2015, the department is administrated by the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. To the north, it borders the departments of Haute-Vienne and the Creuse, to the east, the departments of Puy-de-Dôme and Cantal, to the south of that of the Lot and, finally, to the west of that of the Dordogne.

Geology and relief

Located west of the Massif Central, it consists of three zones: the Mountains (Montagne), the plateaus and the Brive Basin.

The mountains' peak at 987 m at Mount Bessou. Its Rhenohercynian Zone formation is quite eroded.

The plateaus have deep valleys that head towards the Dordogne river, such as at the Gimel waterfalls.

South-west of Corrèze, the Brive sedimentary basin enjoys a more favourable climate. There are sandstone hills like Collonges-la-Rouge.

Hydrography

The department is crossed by several rivers, such as Vézère, Corrèze or the Dordogne.

Climate

The department transitions between the Aquitaine and the Massif Central, the Corrèze department sees its elevation gradually rise from the basin of Brive to the Plateau de Millevaches, watershed of the Atlantic facade. This relief explains the wide variety of climates of Corrèze.

History

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1791 269,767 —    
1801 243,654 −1.01%
1806 254,233 +0.85%
1821 273,418 +0.49%
1831 294,834 +0.76%
1841 306,480 +0.39%
1851 320,864 +0.46%
1861 310,118 −0.34%
1872 302,746 −0.22%
1881 317,066 +0.51%
1891 328,151 +0.34%
1901 318,422 −0.30%
1911 309,673 −0.28%
1921 273,808 −1.22%
1931 264,129 −0.36%
1936 262,743 −0.11%
1946 254,574 −0.32%
1954 242,798 −0.59%
1962 237,926 −0.25%
1968 237,858 −0.00%
1975 240,363 +0.15%
1982 241,448 +0.06%
1990 237,908 −0.18%
1999 232,576 −0.25%
2006 240,363 +0.47%
2011 242,454 +0.17%
2016 241,535 −0.08%
source:[1]

Corrèze is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It includes part of the former province of Limousin (the Bas-Limousin).

The 1851 census recorded a population of 320,866: this remained relatively constant for the rest of the nineteenth century. During the twentieth century, however, Corrèze shared the experience of many of the country's rural departments as the population fell steadily.

Within Corrèze the nineteenth-century railway planners, influenced in part by the department's topography, endowed Brive-la-Gaillarde with good connections and a major junction from which railway lines fanned out in six different directions. The railways arrived in 1860, at an opportune moment, directly after phylloxera had destroyed the local wine industry. The new railways enabled the farms in the area surrounding Brive to specialise in fruits and vegetables which they could now transport rapidly to the larger population centres of central and southern France. Locally, the new agriculture triggered the development, in the Brive basin, of related businesses and industries such as the manufacture of jams and liquors, as well as timber/paper-based packaging businesses.

Politics

The President of the General Council was François Hollande of the Socialist Party until 2012 when he was elected President of the Republic. Jacques Chirac also served as a Deputy of the National Assembly from here for many years.

Party seats
Union for a Popular Movement 18
Socialist Party 16
French Communist Party 2
Miscellaneous Left 1

Current National Assembly Representatives

Tourism

People

People who were born or have significantly lived in Corrèze include:

See also

References

External links

Copyright