Cyberpunk 2077

Cyberpunk 2077 is an upcoming role-playing video game developed and published by CD Projekt, releasing for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, and Xbox One. Adapted from the 1988 tabletop game Cyberpunk 2020, it is set fifty-seven years later in dystopian Night City, California, an open world with six distinct regions. In a first-person perspective, players assume the role of the customisable mercenary V, who can apply experience points to stat upgrades to reach prominence in three character classes. V has an arsenal of ranged weapons and options for melee combat.

Cyberpunk 2077 is being developed by CD Projekt Red, an internal studio within CD Projekt, using the REDengine 4 game engine. They launched a new division in Wrocław and partnered with Digital Scapes to assist development. Over 400 development staff members were working on the game as of early 2019, exceeding the number that worked on The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt.

Gameplay

Cyberpunk 2077 is a role-playing video game played in a first-person perspective as V,[4][5] a mercenary whose sex, hairstyles, face, body type, body modifications, background, and clothing are customisable. V's clothing alters how interactions fare with non-player characters (NPCs), who are also at V's disposal for romantic and sexual relationships. Stat categories—Strength, Constitution, Intelligence, Reflex, Tech, and Cool—are malleable to the character classes that players assume, which are mainly NetRunner (hacking), Techie (machinery), and Solo (combat). V must consult a "ripperdoc" to upgrade and purchase cyberware implants, at the cost of eurodollars, more so in black markets for military-grade abilities.[5][6][7][8] Colours signify the rarity of any given equipment, from "uncommon" (green) to "epic" (purple).[9] V can take cover, aim, run on the ground and walls, jump, double jump, and slide.[10][11] If provided with arm blades, V may climb walls and, like with other close-combat weapons, deal melee strikes.[7][12] There are three types of ranged weapons—Power (standard), Tech (which penetrate walls and enemies), and Smart (with homing bullets).[13][14] These can be customised and modified.[14] Ranged weapons are equipped to ricochet bullets in a target's direction and (with a reflex booster) slow them down in bullet time. Four types of damage can be inflicted—Physical, Thermal, EMP, and Chemical (which are identified in enemies by scanning them with a bionic eye).[6][15] Gunsmiths repair and upgrade weapons.[7]

The open world metropolis Night City, California consists of six regions—the corporate City Center, immigrant-inhabited Watson, luxurious Westbrook, suburban Heywood, gang-infested Pacifica, and industrial Santo Domingo. V navigates these locations on foot and in vehicles, which are customisable and subject to either a first or third-person view. Autonomous cars allow V to focus on combat instead of driving while engaging in gunplay;[5][9][15][16][17] pedestrians can also be run over.[14] The full day-night cycle and dynamic weather affect the way NPCs behave.[13][18] Apartments can be bought and used as home bases, where V will fetch weapons, dress, use a computer, and bring back NPCs for sexual activity.[7] The game features non-English-speaking characters; players who do not speak the languages can buy translator implants to better comprehend them.[19] "Braindance", a digital recording device streamed directly into the brain, allows the player character to experience the emotions, brain processes, and muscle movements of another person as though they were their own.[20][21] Branching dialogues are employed to interact with NPCs and take actions in quests.[22] Experience points are obtained from main quests and fuel the stats, while side quests yield "street cred" and unlock skills, vendors, places, and additional quests.[9][13][14][23] Quests are acquired from characters known as Fixers.[14] Throughout the game, V is aided by various companions.[7] Consumables, like soft drinks, are used for healing, and objects can be inspected in V's inventory.[11] "Game over" messages only appear at the point of death; if a quest is failed, the game moves on all the same.[24] Player agency and choice lead to different endings.[21]

Setting

Night City is an American megacity in the Free State of California, controlled by corporations and unassailed by the laws of both country and state. It sees conflict from rampant gang wars and its ruling entities contending for dominance. The city is contingent on robotics for everyday aspects like waste collection, maintenance, and public transportation.[25] Homelessness abounds, but does not preclude cybernetic modification for the poor, giving rise to cosmetic addiction and consequent violence. If they become a threat, the armed force Psycho Squad is deployed to deal with them.[4][26] Because of the constant threat of physical harm, all citizens are allowed to own and openly carry firearms in public.[27]

Development

Cyberpunk 2077 entered pre-production as soon as developer CD Projekt Red had finished The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt – Blood and Wine.[28] Around this time, approximately fifty staff members were involved;[29] they later devoted a team larger than that of The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt,[30] and after it was released, began upgrading their REDengine 3 to complement Cyberpunk 2077.[31] They learned early on how aspects like stream processing and global illumination would function without disturbing the central processing unit.[32] CD Projekt Red was granted subventions of US$7 million by the Polish government, whose funding application confirmed they were using REDengine 4.[33] In June 2017, early designs were stolen and threatened to be released to the public, but the developer refused to comply with the ransom demand.[34][35] The development reportedly reached a milestone in late 2017,[36] and in March 2018, a new studio was opened in Wrocław to aid the production.[37] That July, nearly 350 employees were developing it,[38] and by the following month, the story was fully realised and could facilitate a complete playthrough.[1] In October 2018, CD Projekt Red announced the establishment of a long-term partnership with Canadian studio Digital Scapes to craft additional technology for Cyberpunk 2077.[39] By early 2019, the staff exceeded 400.[40]

Originally to launch with multiplayer,[41] this was later assigned to research and development,[42] with the single-player since prioritised.[21][43] The first-person perspective was selected to immerse players more than a third-person view would allow, given the detail the developer devoted to the open world.[13] Cutscenes and gameplay were made to seamlessly blend together, also for the purpose of immersion.[44] Cyberpunk 2077 will feature full nudity, which game director Adam Badowski said encapsulates the theme of transhumanism—"the body is no longer sacrum [sacred]; it's profanum [profane]".[45] The quest designers, who oversee the development of their own ideas, resolved to make the quest system allow players to decide the order in which quests are partaken of.[46] Side quests are often made from unused parts of the main story.[47] Animation and facial animation systems were remade to better generate lip syncing and muscle movement; motion capture was also improved. Environments are created from prefabricated designs for scalability's sake.[48] Reused models have altered colours and details.[49]

The game draws inspiration from several cyberpunk works, including the 1982 film Blade Runner, Japanese cyberpunk manga / anime series Ghost in the Shell, and video games System Shock (1994) and Deus Ex (2000).[50] It also features a motorbike from the Akira manga / 1988 anime film.[51] Mike Pondsmith, who created the original tabletop game Cyberpunk 2020, started consulting on the project after being approached in 2012.[48][52] The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt composer Marcin Przybyłowicz was chosen to write the score.[53] Sebastian Stępień served as head writer and creative director on the game before leaving for Blizzard Entertainment in early 2019.[54][55]

Release and marketing

Cyberpunk 2077 was announced in May 2012.[29] In January 2013, a teaser trailer was released,[56] reaching 12 million views in its first week.[57] The game was confirmed for Microsoft Windows the same year,[58] and for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One at E3 2018,[59] where they revealed a second trailer and a media-exclusive, pre-alpha gameplay demonstration,[57][60][61] released to the public in August of that year, following its appearance at Gamescom.[62] The game will be distributed in North America by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment.[63] Bilkom is publishing it in Turkey.[64] Bandai Namco Entertainment will act as publisher for twenty-four European countries.[65]

Reception

The teaser trailer received the People's Choice award for Best Animation at the 2013 FITC Awards,[66] the award for Best Trailer at the 2013 Machinima Inside Gaming Awards,[67] and a nomination for Best Video Game Trailer at the 2013 Golden Trailer Awards.[68] Following E3 2018, Cyberpunk 2077 won the awards for Best Game, Best Xbox One Game, Best PC Game,[69] Best RPG,[70] and People's Choice at IGN,[71] Best Role-Playing Game and Game of the Show at Game Informer,[72] Best of E3 at PC Gamer,[73] and Game of the Show at GamesRadar+.[74] The second trailer was broadly considered one of the best at the expo,[75][76][77][78] although writer William Gibson, credited with pioneering the cyberpunk subgenre, said "the trailer for Cyberpunk 2077 strikes me as GTA skinned-over with a generic 80s retro-future".[79] The fact that it is played in a first-person perspective, contrary to The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt's third-person view, was also subject to criticism.[80][81] At the 2018 Golden Joystick Awards, Cyberpunk 2077 won the Most Wanted Game award.[82]

Copyright