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Dakshinayana (Sanskrit: दक्षिणायण) is the six-month period between Summer solstice and Winter solstice, when the sun travels towards the south on the celestial sphere. Dakshinayana begins on Karkada Sankranti or July 16, as it marks the transition of the Sun into Karkada rashi (Cancer).
According to the Puranas, Dakshinayana marks the period when the Gods and Goddesses are in their celestial sleep.
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