Daniel Swarovski

Daniel Swarovski
Daniel Swarovski portrait.jpg
Born 24 October 1862
Died 23 January 1956(1956-01-23) (aged 93)
Wattens, Austria
  • Glass cutter
  • jeweler
  • inventor
  • business entrepreneur
Years active 1892–1956
Known for Founder of Swarovski
Spouse(s) Marie Weis
Children Fritz
Daniel Swarovski, sculpture in Wattens

Daniel Swarovski (24 October 1862 – 23 January 1956) was a Czech-born Austrian glass cutter, jeweler, and founder of the Swarovski crystal dynasty.

Early life

Swarovski was born in Georgenthal bei Gablonz, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (now Jiřetín pod Bukovou, Czech Republic), the son of Franz Anton Swarovski and Helene Swarovski (née Staffen).[nb 1][1] He was born in the Jizera Mountains, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the current border with Poland. Like many in the area, his father was a glass cutter, and Swarovski first learned the art of glass-cutting in his father's small factory. He was educated in Paris and Vienna, where he met Frantisek Krizik, and became interested in electricity at the 1883 Electricity Exhibition in Vienna.[1][2]


In 1892, he patented an electric cutting machine that facilitated the production of lead crystal glass jewelry, which until then had to be cut by hand. In 1895, he immigrated to Austria and partnered with Armand Kosman and Franz Weis to form "A. Kosmann, D. Swarovski & Co." They built a crystal-cutting factory in Wattens, Tyrol, to take advantage of local hydroelectricity for the energy-intensive grinding processes Swarovski had patented.[3][4][5][6]

In 1919, Swarovski founded the Tyrolit company, bringing the grinding and polishing tools from his crystal business into a different market. In 1949, Swarovski Optik KG was founded by his son Wilhelm Swarovski in Absam, Tyrol.[3][7]

Personal life

In 1887, Swarovski married Marie Weis, the sister of his business partner Franz Weis, and they had three sons: Fritz, Alfred, and Wilhelm.[8]