Deputy Prime Minister of India

Deputy Prime Minister of India
Bhārat kē Uppradhānamantrī
Emblem of India.svg
Flag of India.svg

since 22 May 2004
Member of Parliament of India
Union Council of Ministers
Nominator Prime Minister of India
Appointer President of India
Inaugural holder Vallabhbhai Patel (1947–1950)
Formation 15 August 1947; 72 years ago (1947-08-15)

The Deputy Prime Minister of India (IAST: Bhārat kē Uppradhānamantrī) is a member of the Union Council of Ministers in the Government of India. Not a constitutional office, it seldom carries any specific powers.[1] A deputy prime minister usually also holds a cabinet portfolio such as home minister or finance minister. In the parliamentary system of government, the prime minister is treated as the "first among equals" in the cabinet; the position of deputy prime minister is used to bring political stability and strength within a coalition government or in times of national emergency, when a proper chain of command is necessary.

The office has since been only intermittently occupied, having been occupied for a little more than 11 years out of the 72 years since its inception. The first Deputy Prime Minister of India was Vallabhbhai Patel, who was also home minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. The seventh and last deputy prime minister was L. K. Advani, who took on the role in addition to his home ministership from 2002 to 2004 in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's government. The current government does not have a Deputy Prime Minister.

On multiple occasions, proposals have arisen to make the post permanent, but without result. The same goes for the post of deputy chief minister at the state level.


The first deputy prime minister was Vallabhbhai Patel, who was also home minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. He occupied the post for 3 years until his death in 1950. The post was vacant until Morarji Desai became the second deputy prime minister in 1967.

L. K. Advani served as the seventh deputy prime minister in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's cabinet from 2002 to 2004. The post has been vacant since 2004.

List of Deputy Prime Ministers of India


List of Deputy Prime Ministers of India
No. Officeholder
Portrait Term of office Political party
Prime Minister
1 Vallabhbhai Patel
(Minister of Home Affairs)
Vallabhbhai Patel 1965 stamp of India.jpg 15 August 1947 15 December 1950 3 years, 122 days Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
Vacant (15 December 1950 – 21 March 1967)
2 Morarji Desai
(Minister of Finance)
Morarji Desai 1996 stamp of India.jpg 21 March 1967 6 December 1969 2 years, 260 days Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
Vacant (6 December 1969 – 24 January 1979)
3 Charan Singh
(Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Finance)
Charan Singh 1990 stamp of India.jpg 24 January 1979 [2] 28 July 1979 2 years, 126 days Janata Party Morarji Desai
4 Jagjivan Ram
(Minister of Defence)
Jagjivan Ram 1991 stamp of India.jpg
5 Yashwantrao Chavan
(Minister of Home Affairs)
Yashwantrao Chavan 2010 stamp of India.jpg 28 July 1979 14 January 1980 170 days Indian National Congress (Socialist) Charan Singh
Vacant (14 January 1980 – 2 December 1989)
6 Devi Lal
(Minister of Agriculture)
Chaudhary Devi Lal 2001 stamp of India.jpg 2 December 1989 10 November 1990 1 year, 201 days Janata Dal
(National Front)
Vishwanath Pratap Singh
10 November 1990 21 June 1991 Chandra Shekhar
Vacant (21 June 1991 – 5 February 2002)
7 L. K. Advani
(Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions)
Lkadvani.jpg 5 February 2002 22 May 2004 2 years, 107 days Bharatiya Janata Party
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Vacant (Since 22 May 2004)

See also


  1. ^ Rajendran, S. (2012-07-13). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 November 2017.