Dideba

Dideba
English: Praise
დიდება
Dideba sheet music - 1918.pdf
1918 sheet music of "Dideba"

Former national anthem of  Georgia
Former regional anthem of the  Georgian SSR
Lyrics Kote Potskhverashvili [ka]
Music Kote Potskhverashvili
Adopted 1918 (DR Georgia)
Readopted November 1990 (1990-11) (Georgian SSR)
1991 (Georgia)
Relinquished 1921 (DR Georgia)
1991 (Georgian SSR)
20 May 2004 (2004-05-20) (Georgia)
Succeeded by "Tavisupleba"
Audio sample
"Dideba" (instrumental)

"Dideba" (Georgian: დიდება, English: "Glory", lit.'"Praise"') was the national anthem of Georgia[1] from November 1990[2] to May 2004. It was previously the national anthem of Georgia from 1918 to 1921.[3]

History

1993 Georgian performance
1999 Georgian performance

Background

"Dideba" was written and composed by Kote Potskhverashvili [ka] and was adopted by the "Menshevik"-led Georgian government as the country's national anthem in 1918 after it became free from Russian rule. However, "Dideba"'s usage in this manner was to be short-lived. It would only be used for a few years, until Georgia was invaded, occupied, and forcibly annexed by Russia in 1921 and came under Soviet rule from 1922 onward.

Readoption

After Georgia became free of Soviet rule in the early 1990s, "Dideba" was readopted as the Georgian national anthem, though at the time of its re-adoption it was barely known by most Georgians[2] as it had been almost seven decades since it was last used as the country's national anthem.

Replacement

"Dideba" was used as the Georgian national anthem from November 1990[2] until 20 May 2004, when it was replaced by the current Georgian national anthem "Tavisupleba" following a change in governments.[4] Though the replacement of "Dideba" in 2004 came after a change in governments, preliminary efforts to replace "Dideba" reportedly predated said reforms.[4]

Lyrics

Georgian lyrics Transliteration IPA transcription English translation

დიდება ზეცით კურთხეულს,
დიდება ქვეყნად სამოთხეს,
ტურფა ივერსა,
დიდება ძმობას, ერთობას,
დიდება თავისუფლებას,
დიდება სამარადისო
ქართველ მხნე ერსა!
დიდება ჩვენსა სამშობლოს,
დიდება ჩვენი სიცოცხლის
მიზანს დიადსა;
ვაშა ტრფობასა, სიყვარულს,
ვაშა შვებასა, სიხარულს,
სალამი ჭეშმარიტების
შუქ-განთიადსა!

Dideba zecit k’urtxeuls
Dideba kveq’nad samotxes,
T’urpa Iversa.
Dideba dzmobas, ertobas,
Dideba tavisuplebas,
Dideba samaradiso
Kartvel mxne ersa!
Dideba čvensa samšoblos,
Dideba čveni sicocxlis
Mizans diadsa;
Vaša t’rpobasa, siq’varuls
Vaša švebasa, sixaruls,
Salami č’ešmarit’ebis,
Šuk-gantiadsa!

didɛba zɛt͡sʰitʰ kʼurtʰxɛuls
didɛba kʰwɛqʼnad samɔtʰxɛs,
tʼurpʰa iwɛrsa.
didɛba d͡zmɔbas, ɛrtʰɔbas,
didɛba tʰawisupʰlɛbas,
didɛba samaradisɔ
kʰartʰwɛl mxne ɛrsa
didɛba t͡ʃʰwɛnsa samʃɔblɔs,
didɛba t͡ʃʰwɛni sit͡sʰɔt͡sʰxlis
mizans diadsa;
waʃa tʼrpʰɔbasa, siqʼwaruls
waʃa ʃwɛbasa, sixaruls,
salami t͡ʃʼɛʃmaritʼɛbis,
ʃukʰ gantʰiadsa

Praise be to the heavenly Bestower of Blessings,
Praise be to paradise on earth,
To the radiant Iberia,
Praise be to brotherhood and to unity,
Praise be to liberty,
Praise be to the everlasting,
lively Georgian people!
Praise be to our fatherland,
Praise be to the great and bright aim of our lives;
Hail, O joy and love,
Hail helpfulness and happiness,
Greetings to the truth, that light of dawn!

References

  1. ^ "FBIS Report: Soviet Union. Republic affairs". The Service. 25 November 1991 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b c Jones, Stephen (2013). Georgia: A Political History Since Independence. I.B. Tauris. p. xxi. ISBN 9781784530853. Retrieved 12 January 2019 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Mikaberidze, Alexander (6 February 2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781442241466 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ a b "Georgia: 1918-1920, 1991-2004". Nationalanthems.info. 2018. Archived from the original on 2019-01-12. Retrieved 12 January 2019.

External links

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