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Former national anthem of Georgia
Former regional anthem of the Georgian SSR
|Adopted||1918 (DR Georgia)|
|Readopted||November 1990 (1990-11) (Georgian SSR)
|Relinquished||1921 (DR Georgia)
1991 (Georgian SSR)
20 May 2004 (2004-05-20) (Georgia)
"Dideba" (Georgian: დიდება, English: "Glory", lit. '"Praise"') was the national anthem of Georgia from November 1990 to May 2004. It was previously the national anthem of Georgia from 1918 to 1921.
"Dideba" was written and composed by Kote Potskhverashvili and was adopted by the "Menshevik"-led Georgian government as the country's national anthem in 1918 after it became free from Russian rule. However, "Dideba"'s usage in this manner was to be short-lived. It would only be used for a few years, until Georgia was invaded, occupied, and forcibly annexed by Russia in 1921 and came under Soviet rule from 1922 onward.
After Georgia became free of Soviet rule in the early 1990s, "Dideba" was readopted as the Georgian national anthem, though at the time of its re-adoption it was barely known by most Georgians as it had been almost seven decades since it was last used as the country's national anthem.
"Dideba" was used as the Georgian national anthem from November 1990 until 20 May 2004, when it was replaced by the current Georgian national anthem "Tavisupleba" following a change in governments. Though the replacement of "Dideba" in 2004 came after a change in governments, preliminary efforts to replace "Dideba" reportedly predated said reforms.
|Georgian lyrics||Transliteration||IPA transcription||English translation|
დიდება ზეცით კურთხეულს,
Dideba zecit k’urtxeuls
didɛba zɛt͡sʰitʰ kʼurtʰxɛuls
Praise be to the heavenly Bestower of Blessings,
- "FBIS Report: Soviet Union. Republic affairs". The Service. 25 November 1991 – via Google Books.
- Jones, Stephen (2013). Georgia: A Political History Since Independence. I.B. Tauris. p. xxi. ISBN 9781784530853. Retrieved 12 January 2019 – via Google Books.
- Mikaberidze, Alexander (6 February 2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781442241466 – via Google Books.
- "Georgia: 1918-1920, 1991-2004". Nationalanthems.info. 2018. Archived from the original on 2019-01-12. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
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