Diu district

Diu district
Distrito de Diu, India Portuguesa (1920)
Distrito de Diu, India Portuguesa (1920)
Diu district is located in India
Diu district
Diu district
Diu district location
Coordinates: 20°43′N 70°59′E / 20.71°N 70.98°E / 20.71; 70.98Coordinates: 20°43′N 70°59′E / 20.71°N 70.98°E / 20.71; 70.98
Country  India
Union Territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
Founded by Francisco de Almeida
Headquarters Diu Town
Area
 • Total 40 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 52,074
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Marathi English
Website http://diu.gov.in/
Portuguese map from the 1920s showing Diu District
The Diu Fortress was built in 1535 by the Portuguese, when Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat, requested their help to resist an attack by Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun, the second Mughal Emperor.

Diu /ˈd/ is one of the three districts of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu of India.[1] The district is made up of Diu Island and two small enclaves on the Indian mainland. The district headquarters are at Diu Town. It is the ninth least populous district in the country (out of 640).[2]

History

The district was historically part of the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Mirroring the system of administrative division in Portugal, Diu district (Distrito de Diu) was established as an administrative division of the Portuguese State of India (Estado da Índia) in the first half of the 19th century. It was headed by a district governor, subordinate to the governor-general of Portuguese India in Goa. The district included the single municipality of Diu, which was further subdivided into civil parishes.[3]

It remained an overseas territory of Portugal until it was annexed by Indian forces on 19 December 1961. From 1961 to 1987, it was a part of the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu. In 1987, it became a part of the newly formed union territory of Daman and Diu. In January 2020, the district became part of the new union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.[3]

Geography

Diu district occupies an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi),[4]

It consists of Diu Island and a part on the mainland (the Ghogolá peninsula). 20 km East of Diu Island, is the small territory of Simbor.

Diu Island

Diu Island is the place where the town of Diu is located. Diu Fortress is also located on Diu Island.

Mainland

The area on the mainland borders Gir Somnath district of Gujarat. It contains the village of Ghogolá. The village lies on the mainland opposite the eastern end of the island .

The tiny territory of Simbor, located about 25 km east of the town of Diu, is also part of the district.

Sub-Districts

  1. Diu Island
  2. Gogolá
  3. Simbor

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Diu district has a population of 52,074,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis.[5] This gives it a ranking of 631st in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,301 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,370/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.73%.[2] Diu has a sex ratio of 1030 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 83.36%.[2]

Sister cities

Diu Island is twinned with the city of Loures, in Portugal.[6]

Tourism

Diu is home to various buildings and monuments with Portuguese-styled architecture. The nearest railway junction is Veraval, which is 90 km from Diu. Major cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh), Dwarka and Thiruvananthapuram are directly connected to Veraval Railway Station. Delwada is 8 km from Diu.

Fortresses and churches
Beaches
  • Nagoá Beach, most visited beach in Diu and has a fort ruin.
  • Ghogolá Beach, largest beach off the island of Diu
  • Chakratirth Beach
  • Barra Beach has a fort ruin

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu UTs merge for 'better admin efficiency, service': MoS Home". Indus Dictum. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Diu History". Diu Tourism Department. U.T. Administration of Dadra & Nagar Haveli And Daman & Diu. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Daman and Diu: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1216. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Saint Kitts and Nevis 50,314 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "Município – Cooperação externa – Diu". cm-loures.pt (in Portuguese). Loures, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Loures. 2014. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.

External links

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