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Duke of Alba
|Dukedom of Alba de Tormes|
|Monarch||Henry IV of Castile|
|First holder||García Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Count of Alba|
|Present holder||Carlos Fitz-James Stuart y Martínez de Irujo, 19th Duke of Alba|
|Heir apparent||Fernando Fitz-James Stuart, 15th Duke of Huéscar|
|Former seat(s)||Palace of the Dukes of Alba (Ávila)|
Duke of Alba de Tormes (Spanish: Duque de Alba de Tormes), commonly known as Duke of Alba, is a title of Spanish nobility that is accompanied by the dignity of Grandee of Spain. In 1472, the title of Count of Alba de Tormes, inherited by García Álvarez de Toledo, was elevated to the title of Duke of Alba de Tormes by King Henry IV of Castile.
The dukedom of Alba de Tormes is one of the most significant noble titles of Spain and gives its name to the House of Alba. Over the centuries, members of three distinct family dynasties have held the title in succession – the House of Álvarez de Toledo, the House of Silva (extinct in 1802) and the House of Fitz-James Stuart, which descends from an illegitimate son of King James II of England.
Famous holders of this dukedom include Don Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, governor of the Spanish Netherlands (references to "Alba" (or "Alva" in Dutch), particularly in the context of Dutch history, are usually about him), and Doña María del Pilar de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba, a muse of the painter Francisco Goya.
Various dukes have married into the families of Christopher Columbus and Cosimo de Medici, as well as the line of the Dukes of Berwick, making them distant relatives of the Earls Spencer and the Dukes of Marlborough.
Today, the ducal family of Alba retains a large and valuable collection of art and historic documents. The largest part of this treasure is kept at the main residence of the family in Madrid, the Liria Palace.
Lords of Alba de Tormes (1429–1439)
- Don Gutierre Álvarez de Toledo (also Bishop of Palencia, Archbishop of Seville, then Archbishop of Toledo)
- Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, nephew of Gutierre Álvarez de Toledo (created Count of Alba de Tormes in 1439)
Counts of Alba de Tormes (1439–1472)
- Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 1st Count of Alba
- Don García Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Count of Alba (created Duke of Alba de Tormes in 1472)
Dukes of Alba de Tormes (1472–present)
- Don García Álvarez de Toledo, 1st Duke of Alba
- Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Duke of Alba
- Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba known in The Netherlands as the Iron Duke for his harsh action in the Eighty Years' War
- Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba
- Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 5th Duke of Alba
- Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 6th Duke of Alba
- Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 7th Duke of Alba
- Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 8th Duke of Alba
- Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 9th Duke of Alba
- Don Francisco Álvarez de Toledo, 10th Duke of Alba
- Doña María Teresa Álvarez de Toledo, 11th Duchess of Alba
- Don Fernando de Silva, 12th Duke of Alba
- Doña María Teresa de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba
- Don Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart, 14th Duke of Alba (see also Duke of Berwick)
- Don Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 15th Duke of Alba
- Don Carlos María Fitz-James Stuart, 16th Duke of Alba
- Don Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 17th Duke of Alba
- Doña María del Rosario Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva, 18th Duchess of Alba
- Don Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 19th Duke of Alba
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