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|2nd President of Ghana
(5th Head of State of Ghana)
31 August 1970 – 13 January 1972
|Prime Minister||Kofi Busia (1969–1972)|
|Preceded by||Nii Amaa Ollennu|
|Succeeded by||Gen. I. K. Acheampong|
|3rd Chief Justice of Ghana
(15th including Gold Coast)
|Preceded by||J. Sarkodee-Addo|
|Succeeded by||Edmund A. L. Bannerman|
| Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana
|Born||(1906-06-26)26 June 1906
Dodowa, Gold Coast
|Died||17 July 1979(1979-07-17) (aged 73)
|Spouse(s)||Adeline Y. Akufo-Addo (née Nana Yeboakua Ofori-Atta) (d. 2004)|
|Children||4, including Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Education||Presbyterian Training College, Akropong
St Peter's College, Oxford
Edward Akufo-Addo (26 June 1906 – 17 July 1979) was a Ghanaian politician and lawyer. He was a member of the "Big Six" leaders of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and one of the founding fathers of Ghana who engaged in the fight for Ghana's independence. He became the Chief Justice (1966–70), and later President (1970–72), of the Republic of Ghana. He was the father of the current Ghanaian head of state, Nana Addo Akufo-Addo.
Early life and education
Akufo-Addo was born on 26 June 1906 at Dodowa in the Greater Accra Region to William Martin Addo-Danquah and Theodora Amuafi. Both of his parents were from the southern Ghanaian town of Akropong. He had his primary education at Presbyterian Primary and Middle Schools at Akropong. He continued to Presbyterian Training College, Akropong and Abetifi Theological Training College. In 1929, he entered Achimota College, where he won a scholarship to St Peter's College, Oxford. He studied Mathematics, Politics and Philosophy and he went on to graduate with honours in philosophy and politics in 1933.
Early political career
In 1947, he became a founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and was one of the "Big Six" (the others being Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, Joseph Boakye Danquah, Kwame Nkrumah, Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey and William Ofori Atta) detained after disturbances in Accra in 1948. From 1949 to 1950, he was a member of the Gold Coast Legislative Council and the Coussey Constitutional Commission.
After independence (1962–64), Akufo-Addo was a Supreme Court Judge, one of three Judges who sat on Treason trial involving Tawia Adamafio, Ako Adjei and three others after the Kulungugu bomb attack on President Kwame Nkrumah and for doing so was dismissed with fellow judges for finding some of the accused not guilty.
From 1966 to 1970, he was appointed Chief Justice by the National Liberation Council (NLC) regime, as well as Chairman of the Constitutional Commission (which drafted the 1969 Second Republican Constitution). He was also head of the NLC Political Commission during this same time period.
From 31 August 1970 until his deposition by coup d'état on 13 January 1972, Akufo-Addo was President of Ghana in the Second Republic. Real power rested with the prime minister, Dr. Kofi Abrefa Busia. On 17 July 1979, Akufo-Addo died of natural causes.
Awards and honors
- Honorary Doctorate from the University of Oxford in 1971.
- The Big Six
- List of judges of the Supreme Court of Ghana
- Chief Justice of Ghana
- Heads of state of Ghana
- Goldsworthy, David (1973). "Ghana's Second Republic: A Post-Mortem". African Affairs. 72 (286): 8–25. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a096326. ISSN 0001-9909. JSTOR 720579.
- "August 28, 1970: Edward Akuffo-Addo is named President of the 2nd Republic". Edward A. Ulzen Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
- "Ghana pays tribute to founders' - Graphic Online". www.graphic.com.gh. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
- "Edward Akufo-Addo". Ghana Web. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Dictionary of African Biography. OUP USA. 2 February 2012. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-195-38207-5.
- "Akora Justice Edward Akufo-Addo", Old Achimotan Association.
- "August 28, 1970: Edward Akuffo-Addo is named President of the 2nd Republic". Edward A. Ulzen Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "Edward Akufo-Addo" Archived 11 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Ghana Nation.
- "Dr. Edward Akufo Addo", Ghana Nation, 15 November 2011.
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