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Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester
|Earl of Worcester|
|Died||3 March 1628|
|Noble family||House of Beaufort|
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Hastings, Countess of Worcester|
|Father||William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester|
Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester, KG, Earl Marshal (c. 1550 – 3 March 1628) was an English aristocrat. He was an important advisor to King James I (James VI of Scots), serving as Lord Privy Seal.
In June 1590 Worcester travelled to Edinburgh to congratulate James VI of Scotland on his safe return from Denmark and marriage to Anne of Denmark, and gave notice that the king was to join the Order of the Garter. He discussed with James rumours that English ships had lain in wait for his return. At first, he was not able to see Anne of Denmark who had toothache, and he joked that in England this would be interpreted as a sign she was pregnant. Worcester had an audience with Anne, and took her letter to Elizabeth. He was accompanied by Lord Compton who watched 'pastimes' or hunting on the sands of Leith.
In 1593 he was made a Knight of the Garter.
In 1606 he was appointed Keeper of the Great Park, a park created for hunting by Henry VIII around Nonsuch Palace, of which Worcester Park was a part. The residence Worcester Park House was built in 1607.
He married Lady Elizabeth Hastings on 16 December 1571 at Whitehall Palace in a triple wedding with Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford and bride, Anne Cecil, and Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley and bride, Mary Howard. She was a daughter of Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon and Catherine Pole. Catherine was a daughter of Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu and Jane Neville. Jane was in turn a daughter of George Nevill, 4th Baron Bergavenny and his wife Margaret, daughter of Hugh Fenn. They had fifteen children among whom were:
- Henry Somerset, 5th Earl of Worcester, his heir and successor, who was later created the 1st Marquess of Worcester;
- Thomas Somerset, 1st Viscount Somerset (Peerage of Ireland), who was born in 1579, died in 1649; he was created Viscount Somerset on 8 December 1626; in 1616 he married Helen Barry – her third marriage -, with whom he had one daughter:
- Elizabeth Somerset, who might have died young, but that is unsure;
- Lady Catherine or Katherine Somerset, who died on 6 November 1654 and, before 14 January 1607, married Thomas Windsor, 6th Baron Windsor, with whom she had no issue; and
- Lady Blanche Somerset, who died 28 October 1649, and married Thomas Arundell, 2nd Baron Arundell of Wardour, with whom she had one son and two daughters, his only children; the settlement for this marriage was on 11 May 1607.
- Lady Frances Somerset, wife of William Morgan, esquire of Llantarnam and mother of Edward Morgan (c. 1612 – 24 June 1653), who was the great-great grandfather of Daniel Boone.
- Sir Charles Somerset (1587/8 – 1665), traveller and writer, Knight of the Bath.
- Lady Elizabeth Somerset, married Sir Henry Guildford.
- Lady Katherine Somerset (1575-1624), married William Petre, 2nd Baron Petre.
Four of his daughters danced as the rivers of Monmouthshire in the court masque Tethys' Festival on 5 June 1610; Lady Catherine Windsor as the "Nymph of Usk"; Lady Katherine Petre as the "Nymph of Olwy"; Lady Elizabeth Guildford as the "Nymph of Dulesse"; and Lady Mary Wintour as the "Nymph of Wye".
- "Somerset, Edward, fourth earl of Worcester". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- Joseph Bain, Hamilton Papers, vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1892), p. 710.
- Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 10 (Edinburgh, 1936), pp. 324-5, 331.
- Colethorpe, Marion E. "The Elizabethan Court Day by Day - 1571" (PDF). folgerpedia.folger.edu. Folger Shakespeare Library. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
- "Somerset, Sir Charles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- John Burke and John Bernard Burke., Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies, pp. 369–370
- Edmund Sawyer, Memorials of Affairs of State from the papers of Ralph Winwood, vol. 3 (London, 1725), p. 181: John Nichols, The Progresses, Processions, and Magnificent Festivities, of King James the First, vol. 2 (London, 1828), p. 349.
- Newman, John (2002). Gwent/Monmouthshire. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 305. ISBN 978-0-300-09630-9.
The Earl of Essex
| Master of the Horse
Sir George Villiers
The 2nd Earl of Pembroke
| Custos Rotulorum of Monmouthshire
The 3rd Earl of Pembroke
| Lord Lieutenant of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire
jointly with Henry Somerset 1626–1628
The Earl of Worcester
| Earl Marshal
The Earl of Somerset
| Lord Privy Seal
Sir John Coke
|Peerage of England|
| Earl of Worcester
| Baron Herbert
(descended by acceleration)
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