Egmont (New Zealand electorate)

Egmont is a former New Zealand electorate, in south Taranaki. It existed from 1871 to 1978.

Geographic coverage

Egmont is the old name of the mountain that is the Taranaki landmark of Mount Taranaki. A village north of the mountain is also called Egmont.

History

This rural electorate was formed in 1871.[1] Mount Egmont, after which it is named, was confiscated from Māori by the New Zealand Government under the powers of the New Zealand Settlements Act 1863, following the Second Taranaki War.

William Gisborne was the first elected representative in 1871, elected unopposed. He was a minister in the third Fox Ministry and resigned from Parliament when the government fell on 10 September 1872.[2][3] Harry Atkinson won the resulting 1872 by-election. He held the electorate until 1891, when he resigned.[4] During this time, he was Premier on four occasions.

Atkinson's resignation caused the 1891 by-election, which was won by Felix McGuire.[5] He held the electorate until 1896,[6] when he (successfully) stood for the Hawera electorate instead.[7] He was succeeded by Walter Symes from 1896 until 1902, when he (successfully) stood for Patea.[8] The next representative was William Thomas Jennings from 1902 until 1908, when he (successfully) stood for Taumarunui.[9]

Bradshaw Dive was elected in 1908 and held the electorate for one term.[10] He was defeated in 1911 by Thomas Mackenzie, who resigned in 1912.[11] Charles Wilkinson won the resulting 1912 by-election and retired in 1919. He was succeeded by Oswald Hawken, who won the 1919 election, but was defeated in 1928 by Wilkinson coming out of his retirement. This time, Wilkinson held the electorate until 1943, when he retired for good.

The electorate was then held by three members of the National Party; Ernest Corbett (1943–57), William Sheat (1957–66) and Venn Young (1966–78).

Egmont was abolished in 1978, and was replaced by the Waitotara electorate.

Members of Parliament

Egmont was represented by twelve Members of Parliament:

Key

 Independent    Conservative    Liberal    Reform    National  

Election results

1931 election

1931 general election: Egmont [12] [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Charles Wilkinson 4,409 58.71
Reform Frederick Gawith 3,101 41.29
Majority 1,308 17.42
Informal votes 27 0.36
Turnout 7,537 85.71
Registered electors 8,794

1928 election

1928 general election: Egmont [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Charles Wilkinson 4,577 58.17
Reform Oswald Hawken 3,291 41.83
Majority 1,286 16.34
Informal votes 55 0.69
Turnout 7,923 91.46
Registered electors 8,663

1912 by-election

1912 Egmont by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform Charles Wilkinson 2,721 55.9
Liberal David Lyon Abbott Astbury[15] 2,139 43.9
Informal votes 11 0.20
Majority 582 12.0
Turnout 4,871
Reform gain from Liberal Swing

1905 election

1905 general election: Egmont [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Thomas Jennings 2,621 53.39
Independent Liberal Charles Leech 1,970 40.13
Socialist Harry Campbell 215 4.37
Informal votes 103 2.09
Majority 651 13.26
Turnout 4,909

1899 election

1899 general election: Egmont [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Symes 2,253 53.16
Conservative William Monkhouse 1,985 46.84
Majority 268 6.32
Turnout 4,238 76.71
Registered electors 5,525

1893 election

1893 general election: Egmont [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Felix McGuire 1,305 48.88
Conservative Benjamin Robbins 1,170 43.82
Liberal E. G. Allsworth 195 7.30
Majority 135 5.06
Turnout 2,670 72.81
Registered electors 3,667

1891 by-election

1891 Egmont by-election [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Felix McGuire 986 51.92
Independent Robert Bruce 913 48.04
Majority 73 3.84
Turnout 1,899

1890 election

1890 general election: Egmont [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Atkinson 1,096 58.08
Independent Felix McGuire 791 41.92
Majority 305 16.16
Turnout 1,887 70.72
Registered electors 2,668

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