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Egmont (New Zealand electorate)
This rural electorate was formed in 1871. Mount Egmont, after which it is named, was confiscated from Māori by the New Zealand Government under the powers of the New Zealand Settlements Act 1863, following the Second Taranaki War.
William Gisborne was the first elected representative in 1871, elected unopposed. He was a minister in the third Fox Ministry and resigned from Parliament when the government fell on 10 September 1872. Harry Atkinson won the resulting 1872 by-election. He held the electorate until 1891, when he resigned. During this time, he was Premier on four occasions.
Atkinson's resignation caused the 1891 by-election, which was won by Felix McGuire. He held the electorate until 1896, when he (successfully) stood for the Hawera electorate instead. He was succeeded by Walter Symes from 1896 until 1902, when he (successfully) stood for Patea. The next representative was William Thomas Jennings from 1902 until 1908, when he (successfully) stood for Taumarunui.
Bradshaw Dive was elected in 1908 and held the electorate for one term. He was defeated in 1911 by Thomas Mackenzie, who resigned in 1912. Charles Wilkinson won the resulting 1912 by-election and retired in 1919. He was succeeded by Oswald Hawken, who won the 1919 election, but was defeated in 1928 by Wilkinson coming out of his retirement. This time, Wilkinson held the electorate until 1943, when he retired for good.
Egmont was abolished in 1978, and was replaced by the Waitotara electorate.
Members of Parliament
Egmont was represented by twelve Members of Parliament:
|Liberal||David Lyon Abbott Astbury||2,139||43.9|
|Reform gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Liberal||William Thomas Jennings||2,621||53.39|
|Independent Liberal||Charles Leech||1,970||40.13|
|Liberal||E. G. Allsworth||195||7.30|
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