Eurovision Song Contest 1986

Eurovision Song Contest 1986
ESC 1986 logo.png
Dates
Final 3 May 1986
Host
Venue Grieghallen
Bergen, Norway
Presenter(s) Åse Kleveland
Musical director Egil Monn-Iversen
Directed by John Andreassen
Executive supervisor Frank Naef
Executive producer Harald Tusberg
Host broadcaster Norsk rikskringkasting (NRK)
Opening act "Welcome to Music" performed by Åse Kleveland
Interval act "Bergensiana" performed by Sissel Kyrkjebø and Steinar Ofsdal
Website eurovision.tv/event/bergen-1986 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries 20
Debuting countries  Iceland
Returning countries
Non-returning countries
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Italy in the Eurovision Song ContestNetherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Monaco in the Eurovision Song ContestLuxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Greece in the Eurovision Song ContestMalta in the Eurovision Song ContestAustria in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986France in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Morocco in the Eurovision Song ContestCyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986Iceland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986 A coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1986
Vote
Voting system Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points None
Winning song  Belgium
"J'aime la vie"
1985 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1987

The Eurovision Song Contest 1986 was the 31st Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 3 May 1986 in Grieghallen in Bergen, Norway. It was the first occasion on which Norway played host to the contest. The presenter was Åse Kleveland, a well-known folk guitarist who was President of the Norwegian Association of Musicians (and a former Eurovision entrant, in 1966).

The 1986 contest was a first for Eurovision in that royalty were among the guests—Crown Prince Harald, Crown Princess Sonja, Princess Märtha Louise and Prince Haakon Magnus were all in attendance.

Sandra Kim was the winner of this Eurovision with the song "J'aime la vie", representing Belgium. Aged 13, Kim was the youngest ever Eurovision winner. Current rules require Eurovision Song Contest participants to be at least 16, so unless the rule is changed, Kim's record will never be broken. In the lyrics of her song, Kim claimed to be 15 years of age, but after the contest, it was revealed that she was actually 13. Switzerland, who finished second, appealed for her to be disqualified, but it was not successful.

Background

Grieghallen, Bergen – host venue of the 1986 contest.

By 1985, Norway had received the unwanted distinction of being "the nul points country," receiving 0 points three times and coming in last six times. When they did win the 1985 Contest, it was a source of pride among Norwegian population, and the national broadcaster, NRK, took full advantage of being able to showcase Norway and its achievements in front of over 500 million television viewers. By the autumn of 1985, NRK had decided to hold the next year's contest at the Grieghallen in Bergen, turning down other bids from capital Oslo, and main cities of Stavanger, Sandnes and Trondheim. Bergen is the northernmost city to have ever hosted the Eurovision Song Contest.

As this was the first time Norway hosted a Eurovision Song Contest, NRK commissioned a lavish budget for the event, turning Grieghallen into a Viking-esque "ice palace" for the live show, complete with white and pastel neon lights for the stage. In addition, NRK also had a special diamond-encrusted dress made for presenter Åse Kleveland for her opening number. The prized dress, which weighed upwards of 15 pounds (6.8 kg), is still available for viewing at NRK's costuming department at Marienlyst in Oslo.

Kleveland sang the multilingual "Welcome to Music" as the opening act, incorporating English and French primarily, in addition to other European languages. BBC commentator Terry Wogan, at the close of Kleveland's number, dryly remarked, "Katie Boyle (a former Eurovision host for the UK) never sang, did she?"

During her opening speech, Kleveland said of Norway's road in the contest, "For those of you who have followed Norway's course through the history of the Eurovision Song Contest, you will know that it has been quite thorny, in fact. So, imagine our joy when last year we finally won, and the pleasure we feel today, being able to welcome 700 million viewers to the top of Europe, to Norway, and to Bergen."

One of the interval acts presented featured Norwegian musicians Sissel Kyrkjebø and Steinar Ofsdal, accompanied by Norwegian national broadcasting orchestra, Kringkastingsorkesteret (KORK). They opened with the traditional song of the city of Bergen, Udsikter fra Ulriken (also known as "Nystemte'n"), and presented a number of familiar tunes while showing the sights and sounds of Bergen area. Ofsdal played a range of traditional Norwegian folk instruments such as accordion, recorder and hardingfele.[1] The presentation launched Kyrkjebø into a career as an internationally recognized artist.

Changes in participation

Iceland competed for the first time, as the national broadcaster RÚV had finally cemented their satellite television connections with the rest of Europe.[2]

Greece withdrew, having been drawn eighteenth in the running order, as the contest coincided with Holy Saturday. Their entry would have been "Wagon-lit" (βάγκον λι), performed by Polina, who was backing vocalist of Elpida at the 1979 Contest, (Elpida represented Cyprus in this year). [3][4] Italian broadcaster RAI decided not to send any delegation to Bergen.

Conductors

Results

Voting

The winning song, Belgium's "J'aime la vie," received points from every jury (Belgium received five sets of 12 points; every country awarded Belgium at least five points except for Germany, which gave them just one point). Belgium was the winner in the voting from the results of the second jury out of twenty, in the longest winning stretch during voting since 1974. Switzerland was behind Belgium in nearly every part of the voting, but Belgium had a commanding lead from the very beginning. Traditionally some juries give high points to the host country's entrant, but this did not happen this year; no jury gave Norway's song "Romeo" more than six points out of a possible 12.

Belgium scored an absolute record at the time, with Sandra Kim earning a never seen before number of 176 points (that record remained until 1993, with Ireland scoring 187 points), an average of 9.26 points per voting nation. Kim received 77.2% of the maximum possible score, which, as of 2019, still ranks 8th among all Eurovision winners.

Scoreboard

Voting results [8]
Total score
Luxembourg
Yugoslavia
France
Norway
United Kingdom
Iceland
Netherlands
Turkey
Spain
Switzerland
Israel
Ireland
Belgium
Germany
Cyprus
Austria
Sweden
Denmark
Finland
Portugal
Contestants
Luxembourg 117 5 8 12 8 1 8 2 4 7 10 12 8 10 10 2 4 6
Yugoslavia 49 2 7 5 7 3 3 1 3 4 12 1 1
France 13 3 7 3
Norway 44 4 4 2 6 6 5 6 6 5
United Kingdom 72 4 10 6 6 2 4 2 5 2 3 8 8 10 2
Iceland 19 5 2 6 4 2
Netherlands 40 1 2 7 1 8 10 1 3 7
Turkey 53 6 12 2 6 8 3 6 8 2
Spain 51 7 4 6 1 2 8 1 5 3 7 3 1 3
Switzerland 140 12 6 7 5 5 3 12 10 4 12 10 12 5 4 12 4 7 10
Israel 7 1 1 5
Ireland 96 3 8 3 2 8 5 12 6 2 12 7 12 8 8
Belgium 176 10 10 12 8 10 10 10 12 10 10 5 12 1 10 6 6 10 12 12
Germany 62 8 1 12 8 7 8 5 7 2 4
Cyprus 4 3 1
Austria 12 2 1 2 6 1
Sweden 78 5 7 2 7 3 12 3 7 12 4 5 6 5
Denmark 77 5 10 6 7 4 5 3 10 4 7 7 4 5
Finland 22 6 1 1 8 3 3
Portugal 28 4 4 4 8 7 1

As the free language rule was still cancelled, all songs were performed in native languages to the country they represented. All songs however, with the exception of the song from Cyprus, have had studio versions recorded by the original Eurovision artists in English as well as their own languages.

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
5  Belgium  Finland,  France,  Ireland,  Portugal,  Turkey
  Switzerland  Belgium,  Israel,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  Sweden
3  Ireland  Austria,  Denmark,  Spain
2  Luxembourg  Germany,  Norway
 Sweden  Iceland,   Switzerland
1  Germany  United Kingdom
 Turkey  Yugoslavia
 Yugoslavia  Cyprus

Returning artists

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Elpida  Cyprus 1979 (for Greece)

Commentators

Television

  •  Australia - N/A (SBS)
  •  Greece – Mako Georgiadou (ERT)
  •  Hungary – István Vágó (Magyar Televízió)

Radio

Some participating countries did not provide radio broadcasts for the event; the ones who did are listed below.

Spokespersons

National jury members

  •  United Kingdom - David Elder (Scotland), Gary Speirs (Wales), Sue Lloyd (London) , Mr T Smith (South), Mr A Brown (Midlands), Miss M Chapman (Anglia) , Mrs M Heathcote (North West), Mr P Jenkinson (South East), Mrs T O'Shea (Midlands), Quentin Smith (South West)
  •  Iceland - Berglind Orradóttir, Davíð Scheving Thorsteinsson, Elsa Björnsdóttir, Guðjón Vigfússon, Guðlaug Þorsteinsdóttir, Karl Þorsteins, Margrét Stefánsdóttir, Ríkharður Ríkharðsson, Salóme Þorkelsdóttir, Sigurdór Sigurdórsson, Svanhildur Kristjónsdóttir[27]
  •  Turkey - Ayça Eren, Ziya Anadol, Kaan Bozoğlu, Ayşegül Soyalp, Özlem Budakoğlu, Fatma Dikmen, Alaaddin Torun, İlhan Aslanboğan, Zahide Azılı, Saadet Aktemel, Suhal Eriş[31]
  •  Spain – José María Tío (industrialist), Carolina Conejero (student), Rosario Cabanas (horsewoman), Rafael Camino (bullfighter), Marta Cantón (gymnast), Emilio Aragón (comedian), María Cuadra (actress), Javier Escrivá (actor), Blanca Fernández Ochoa (skier), Antonio Imízcoz (journalist), Pablo Pérez (hairdresser)[32]
  •  Ireland - Martin Jones

Note

  1. ^ Contains some words in English, French, and Italian.

References

  1. ^ "YouTube video of 1986 Interval with Sissel Kyrkjebø and Steinar Ofsdal". NRK.
  2. ^ "History - Eurovision Song Contest 1986". Eurovision.tv. Archived from the original on 2008-08-02.
  3. ^ "Polina Biography" (in Greek). Archived from the original on 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
  4. ^ ""Wagon-lit" single - 1986". Sony Music. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
  5. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1986". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1986". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Final of Bergen 1986". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 16 April 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Results of the Final of Bergen 1986". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 16 April 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  9. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1986 - Bergen". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  10. ^ "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  11. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1986 BBC Archives
  12. ^ "Tíminn, 03.05.1986". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  13. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  14. ^ https://eksisozluk.com/1986-eurovision-sarki-yarismasi--878663
  15. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema - Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  16. ^ "Jacques Mercier : " Gagner est un cadeau empoisonné "". lesoir.be. 2013-05-16. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  17. ^ Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
  18. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1986". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  19. ^ a b Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
  20. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ a b c "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  22. ^ "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  23. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  24. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  25. ^ "Sumnja od Jugolasvenskog glasanja". Evropesma.org. Archived from the original on April 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  26. ^ Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  27. ^ a b "Þjóðviljinn, 01.05.1986". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  28. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  29. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  30. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  31. ^ "Halley'in büyük başarısı, Erhan Güner, Milliyet, 4 May 1986
  32. ^ "000webhost.com - free web hosting provider". Eurofestival.host22.com. Archived from the original on 2011-08-15. Retrieved 2012-08-10.

External links

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