First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff

Office of the First Sea Lord and
Chief of the Naval Staff
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Ensign of the Royal Navy
US Navy photo 191120-N-BB269-1046 U.S., U.K., Japan Navies Reaffirm Commitment to Increased Cooperation (Tony Radakin cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Admiral Tony Radakin

since June 2019
Ministry of Defence
Abbreviation 1SL/CNS
Member of Defence Council
Admiralty Board
Reports to Chief of the Defence Staff
Nominator Secretary of State for Defence
Appointer Prime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term length Not fixed (typically 3–4 years)
Formation Senior Naval Lord (1689–1771)
First Naval Lord (1771–1904)
First Sea Lord (from 1904)
First holder Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Fisher
Deputy Vice Chief of the Naval Staff (1941–1946)
Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
Website Official Website

The First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff (1SL/CNS)[1][2][3] is the professional head of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy and Naval Service. Admiral Tony Radakin was appointed First Sea Lord in June 2019.[4]

Originally titled the "Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty" when the post was created in 1689,[5] the office was re-styled "First Naval Lord" in 1771.[6] The concept of a professional "First Naval Lord" was introduced in 1805,[7] and the title of the office was changed to "First Sea Lord" on the appointment of Sir John Fisher in 1904. Since 1923, the First Sea Lord has been a member of the Chiefs of Staff Committee; he now sits on the Defence Council and the Admiralty Board.[8]

History

Lords Admiral were appointed from the 15th century; they were later styled Lords High Admiral until the 18th century, and Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty from the 17th century, as the governors of the English and later British Royal Navy. From 1683 to 1684, there were seven paid Commissioners, and one unpaid supernumerary Commissioner. The number varied between five and seven Commissioners through the 18th century. The standing of all the Commissioners was in theory the same, although the First Commissioner or First Lord exercised an ascendancy over his colleagues from an early date.[9]

The generally recognized office of Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty was established on 8 March 1689,[5] with the first incumbent being Admiral Arthur Herbert; he was also First Lord of the Admiralty. On 20 January 1690 Admiral Herbert was succeeded by Admiral Sir John Chicheley[5] under First Lord of Admiralty Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.[9]

On 22 May 1702 the Board of Admiralty ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced by the Lord Admiral's Council.[5] The previous office of Senior Naval Lord was replaced by a Senior Member to the Lords Admiral Council; he was usually a serving naval officer of Admiral rank and was the Chief Naval Adviser to the Lord Admiral. This lasted until 8 November 1709, when the Board of Admiralty resumed control of Naval Affairs and the post of Senior Naval Lord was resumed.[9]

On 2 February 1771 the office of Senior Naval Lord was renamed to First Naval Lord.[6] The first post holder was Vice-Admiral Augustus Hervey; he first served under First Lord of the Admiralty John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. In 1805, for the first time, specific functions were assigned to each of the 'Naval' Lords, who were described as 'Professional' Lords, leaving to the 'Civil' Lords the routine business of signing documents.[9] On 2 May 1827[10] the Board of Admiralty once again ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced, until 1828, by a Lord High Admirals Council.[9]

The title of the First Naval Lord was changed to First Sea Lord on the appointment of Sir Jackie Fisher in 1904.[11] In 1917 the First Sea Lord was re-styled First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff.[12] From 1923 onward, the First Sea Lord was a member of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, and from 1923 to 1959, in rotation with the representatives of the other services (the Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Chief of the Air Staff), he served as the chairman of that committee and head of all British armed forces.[a] The title was retained when the Board of Admiralty was abolished in 1964 and the Board's functions were integrated into the Ministry of Defence.[13]

Under the current organisation, the First Sea Lord sits on the Defence Council,[2] the Admiralty Board[2] and the Navy Board.[14]

Since 2012, the flagship of the First Sea Lord has nominally been the ship of the line HMS Victory, which used to be Lord Nelson's flagship.[15]

Appointees

The following table lists all those who have held the post of First Sea Lord or its preceding positions. Ranks and honours are as at the completion of their tenure:

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Time in office Ref
Senior Naval Lords
1
Arthur Herbert
Herbert, ArthurAdmiral
Arthur Herbert
(c.1648–1716)
8 March 1689 20 January 1690 318 days [5]
2
Sir John Chicheley
Chicheley, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Chicheley
(c.1640–1691)
20 January 1690 5 June 1690 136 days [5]
3
Edward Russell
Russell, EdwardAdmiral
Edward Russell
(1653–1727)
5 June 1690 23 January 1691 232 days [5]
4
Henry Priestman
Priestman, HenryCaptain
Henry Priestman
(c.1647–1712)
23 January 1691 2 May 1694 3 years, 99 days [5]
(3)
Earl of Orford
Russell, EdwardAdmiral
Earl of Orford
(1653–1727)
2 May 1694 31 May 1699 5 years, 29 days [5]
5
Sir George Rooke
Rooke, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Rooke
(1650–1709)
31 May 1699 26 January 1702 2 years, 240 days [5]
6
Sir John Leake
Leake, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Leake
(1656–1720)
8 November 1709 4 October 1710 330 days [16]
7
Sir George Byng
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
4 October 1710 30 September 1712 1 year, 362 days [16]
(6)
Sir John Leake
Leake, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Leake
(1656–1720)
30 September 1712 14 October 1714 2 years, 14 days [16]
(7)
Sir George Byng
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
14 October 1714 16 April 1717 2 years, 184 days [16]
8
Matthew Aylmer
Aylmer, MatthewAdmiral
Matthew Aylmer
(c.1650–1720)
16 April 1717 19 March 1718 337 days [16]
(7)
Sir George Byng
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
19 March 1718 30 September 1721 3 years, 195 days [16]
9
Sir John Jennings
Jennings, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Jennings
(1664–1743)
30 September 1721 1 June 1727 5 years, 244 days [16]
10
Sir John Norris
Norris, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Norris
(c.1670–1749)
1 June 1727 13 May 1730 2 years, 346 days [16]
11
Sir Charles Wager
Wager, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Wager
(1666–1743)
13 May 1730 23 June 1733 3 years, 41 days [16]
12
Lord Archibald Hamilton
Hamilton, ArchibaldAdmiral
Lord Archibald Hamilton
(1673–1754)
23 June 1733 13 March 1738 4 years, 263 days [16]
13
Lord Harry Powlett
Powlett, HarryAdmiral
Lord Harry Powlett
(1691–1759)
13 March 1738 19 March 1742 4 years, 6 days [16]
(12)
Lord Archibald Hamilton
Hamilton, ArchibaldAdmiral
Lord Archibald Hamilton
(1673–1754)
19 March 1742 25 March 1746 4 years, 6 days [16]
14
Lord Vere Beauclerk
Beauclerk, VereAdmiral
Lord Vere Beauclerk
(1699–1781)
25 March 1746 18 November 1749 3 years, 238 days [16]
15
Lord Anson
Anson, GeorgeAdmiral
Lord Anson
(1697–1762)
18 November 1749 22 June 1751 1 year, 216 days [16]
16
Sir William Rowley
Rowley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Rowley
(c.1690–1768)
22 June 1751 17 November 1756 5 years, 148 days [16]
17
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
Boscawen, EdwardVice Admiral
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
(1711–1761)
17 November 1756 6 April 1757 140 days [16]
(16)
Sir William Rowley
Rowley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Rowley
(c.1690–1768)
6 April 1757 2 July 1757 87 days [16]
(17)
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
Boscawen, EdwardAdmiral
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
(1711–1761)
2 July 1757 19 March 1761 3 years, 260 days [16]
18
The Honourable John Forbes
Forbes, JohnAdmiral
The Honourable John Forbes
(1714–1796)
19 March 1761 20 April 1763 2 years, 32 days [16]
19
Earl Howe
Howe, RichardAdmiral
Earl Howe
(1726–1799)
20 April 1763 31 July 1765 2 years, 102 days [16]
20
Sir Charles Saunders
Saunders, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Saunders
(c.1715–1775)
31 July 1765 15 September 1766 1 year, 46 days [16]
21
The Honourable Augustus Keppel
Keppel, AugustusRear Admiral
The Honourable Augustus Keppel
(1725–1786)
15 September 1766 11 December 1766 87 days [16]
22
Sir Peircy Brett
Brett, PeircyRear Admiral
Sir Peircy Brett
(1709–1781)
11 December 1766 28 February 1770 3 years, 79 days [16]
23
Sir Francis Holburne
Holburne, FrancisAdmiral
Sir Francis Holburne
(1704–1771)
28 February 1770 2 February 1771 339 days [16]
First Naval Lords
24
Augustus Hervey
Hervey, AugustusVice Admiral
Augustus Hervey
(1724–1779)
2 February 1771 12 April 1775 4 years, 69 days [6]
25
Sir Hugh Palliser
Palliser, HughVice Admiral
Sir Hugh Palliser
(1723–1796)
12 April 1775 23 September 1779 4 years, 164 days [6]
26
Robert Man
Palliser, HughVice Admiral
Robert Man
23 September 1779 22 September 1780 365 days [6]
27
George Darby
Darby, GeorgeVice Admiral
George Darby
(c.1720–1790)
22 September 1780 1 April 1782 1 year, 191 days [6]
28
Sir Robert Harland
Harland, RobertAdmiral
Sir Robert Harland
(c.1715–1784)
1 April 1782 30 January 1783 304 days [6]
29
Hugh Pigot
Pigot, HughAdmiral
Hugh Pigot
(1722–1792)
30 January 1783 31 December 1783 335 days [6]
30
John Leveson-Gower
Leveson-Gower, JohnRear Admiral
John Leveson-Gower
(1740–1792)
31 December 1783 12 August 1789 5 years, 224 days [6]
31
Lord Hood
Hood, SamuelVice Admiral
Lord Hood
(1724–1816)
12 August 1789 7 March 1795 5 years, 207 days [6]
32
Sir Charles Middleton
Middleton, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Middleton
(1726–1813)
7 March 1795 20 November 1795 258 days [6]
33
James Gambier
Gambier, JamesRear Admiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
20 November 1795 19 February 1801 5 years, 91 days [6]
34
Sir Thomas Troubridge
Troubridge, ThomasRear Admiral
Sir Thomas Troubridge
(c. 1758–1807)
19 February 1801 15 May 1804 3 years, 86 days [6]
(33)
James Gambier
Gambier JamesVice Admiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
15 May 1804 10 February 1806 1 year, 271 days [6]
35
John Markham
Markham, JohnRear Admiral
John Markham
(1761–1827)
10 February 1806 6 April 1807 1 year, 55 days [6]
(33)
James Gambier
Gambier, JamesAdmiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
6 April 1807 9 May 1808 1 year, 33 days [6]
36
Sir Richard Bickerton
Bickerton, RichardVice Admiral
Sir Richard Bickerton
(1759–1832)
9 May 1808 25 March 1812 3 years, 321 days [6]
37
William Domett
Domett, WilliamVice Admiral
William Domett
(1752–1828)
25 March 1812 23 October 1813 1 year, 212 days [6]
38
Sir Joseph Yorke
Yorke, JosephVice Admiral
Sir Joseph Yorke
(1768–1831)
23 October 1813 24 May 1816 2 years, 214 days [6]
39
Sir Graham Moore
Moore, GrahamVice Admiral
Sir Graham Moore
(1764–1843)
24 May 1816 13 March 1820 3 years, 294 days [6]
40
Sir William Johnstone Hope
Johnstone Hope, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Johnstone Hope
(1766–1831)
13 March 1820 2 May 1827 7 years, 50 days [6]
41
Sir George Cockburn
Cockburn, GeorgeVice Admiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
19 September 1828 25 November 1830 2 years, 67 days [9]
42
Sir Thomas Hardy
Hardy, ThomasRear Admiral
Sir Thomas Hardy
(1769–1839)
25 November 1830 1 August 1834 3 years, 249 days [9]
43
The Hon. Sir George Dundas
Dundas, GeorgeRear Admiral
The Hon. Sir George Dundas
(1778–1834)
1 August 1834 1 November 1834 92 days [9]
44
Sir Charles Adam
Adam, CharlesRear Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
1 November 1834 23 December 1834 52 days [9]
(41)
Sir George Cockburn
Cockburn, GeorgeVice Admiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
23 December 1834 25 April 1835 123 days [9]
(44)
Sir Charles Adam
Adam, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
25 April 1835 8 September 1841 6 years, 197 days [9]
(41)
Sir George Cockburn
Cockburn, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
8 September 1841 13 July 1846 4 years, 308 days [9]
45
Sir William Parker
Parker, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Parker
(1781–1866)
13 July 1846 24 July 1846 11 days [9]
(44)
Sir Charles Adam
Adam, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
24 July 1846 20 July 1847 361 days [9]
46
Sir James Dundas
Dundas, JamesRear Admiral
Sir James Dundas
(1785–1862)
20 July 1847 13 February 1852 4 years, 208 days [9]
47
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
Berkeley, MauriceRear Admiral
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
(1788–1867)
13 February 1852 2 March 1852 18 days [9]
48
Hyde Parker
Parker, HydeVice Admiral
Hyde Parker
(1784–1854)
2 March 1852 26 May 1854 2 years, 85 days [9]
(47)
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
Berkeley, MauriceVice Admiral
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
(1788–1867)
26 May 1854 24 November 1857 2 years, 182 days [9]
48
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
Dundas, RichardVice Admiral
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
(1802–1861)
24 November 1857 8 March 1858 104 days [9]
49
Sir William Martin
Martin, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Martin
(1801–1895)
8 March 1858 28 June 1859 1 year, 112 days [9]
(48)
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
Dundas, RichardVice Admiral
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
(1802–1861)
28 June 1859 15 June 1861 1 year, 352 days [9]
50
The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey
Grey, FrederickAdmiral
The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey
(1805–1878)
15 June 1861 13 July 1866 5 years, 28 days [9]
51
Sir Alexander Milne
Milne, AlexanderVice Admiral
Sir Alexander Milne
(1806–1896)
13 July 1866 18 December 1868 2 years, 158 days [9]
52
Sir Sydney Dacres
Dacres, SydneyAdmiral
Sir Sydney Dacres
(1804–1884)
18 December 1868 27 November 1872 3 years, 345 days [9]
(51)
Sir Alexander Milne
Milne, AlexanderAdmiral
Sir Alexander Milne
(1806–1896)
27 November 1872 7 September 1876 3 years, 285 days [17]
53
Sir Hastings Yelverton
Yelverton, HastingsAdmiral
Sir Hastings Yelverton
(1808–1878)
7 September 1876 5 November 1877 1 year, 59 days [17]
54
Sir George Wellesley
Wellesley, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Wellesley
(1814–1901)
5 November 1877 12 August 1879 1 year, 280 days [17]
55
Sir Astley Cooper Key
Key, AstleyAdmiral
Sir Astley Cooper Key
(1821–1888)
12 August 1879 1 July 1885 5 years, 323 days [17]
56
Sir Arthur Hood
Hood, ArthurAdmiral
Sir Arthur Hood
(1824–1901)
1 July 1885 15 February 1886 229 days [17]
57
Lord John Hay
Hay, JohnAdmiral
Lord John Hay
(1827–1916)
15 February 1886 9 August 1886 175 days [17]
(56)
Sir Arthur Hood
Hood, ArthurAdmiral
Sir Arthur Hood
(1824–1901)
9 August 1886 24 October 1889 3 years, 76 days [17]
58
Sir Richard Hamilton
Hamilton, RichardAdmiral
Sir Richard Hamilton
(1829–1912)
24 October 1889 28 September 1891 1 year, 339 days [17]
59
Sir Anthony Hoskins
Hoskins, AnthonyAdmiral
Sir Anthony Hoskins
(1828–1901)
28 September 1891 1 November 1893 2 years, 34 days [17]
60
Sir Frederick Richards
Richards, FrederickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Frederick Richards
(1833–1912)
1 November 1893 19 August 1899 5 years, 291 days [17]
61
Lord Walter Kerr
Kerr, WalterAdmiral of the Fleet
Lord Walter Kerr
(1839–1927)
19 August 1899 21 October 1904 5 years, 63 days [18]
First Sea Lords
62
Sir John Fisher
Fisher, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Fisher
(1841–1920)
21 October 1904 25 January 1910 5 years, 96 days [19]
63
Sir Arthur Wilson
Wilson, ArthurAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Arthur Wilson
(1842–1921)
25 January 1910 5 December 1911 1 year, 314 days [20]
64
Sir Francis Bridgeman
Bridgeman, FrancisAdmiral
Sir Francis Bridgeman
(1848–1929)
5 December 1911 9 December 1912 1 year, 4 days [21]
65
Prince Louis of Battenberg
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral
Prince Louis of Battenberg
(1854–1921)
9 December 1912 30 October 1914 1 year, 325 days [22]
(62)
The Lord Fisher
Fisher, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Fisher
(1841–1920)
30 October 1914 15 May 1915 197 days [23]
66
Sir Henry Jackson
Jackson, HenryAdmiral
Sir Henry Jackson
(1855–1929)
15 May 1915 30 November 1916 1 year, 199 days [24]
67
Sir John Jellicoe
Jellicoe, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Jellicoe
(1859–1935)
30 November 1916 10 January 1918 1 year, 41 days [25]
68
Sir Rosslyn Wemyss
Wemyss, RosslynAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Rosslyn Wemyss
(1864–1933)
10 January 1918 1 November 1919 1 year, 295 days [26]
69
The Earl Beatty
Beatty, DavidAdmiral of the Fleet
The Earl Beatty
(1871–1936)
1 November 1919 30 July 1927 7 years, 271 days [27]
70
Sir Charles Madden
Madden, CharlesAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Charles Madden
(1862–1935)
30 July 1927 30 July 1930 3 years, 0 days [28]
71
Sir Frederick Field
Field, FrederickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Frederick Field
(1871–1945)
30 July 1930 21 January 1933 2 years, 175 days [29]
72
The Lord Chatfield
Chatfield, ErnleAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Chatfield
(1873–1967)
21 January 1933 7 September 1938 5 years, 229 days [30]
73
Sir Roger Backhouse
Backhouse, RogerAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Roger Backhouse
(1878–1939)
7 September 1938 12 June 1939 278 days [31]
74
Sir Dudley Pound
Pound, DudleyAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Dudley Pound
(1877–1943)
12 June 1939 15 October 1943 4 years, 125 days [32]
75
The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope
Cunningham, AndrewAdmiral of the Fleet
The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope
(1883–1963)
15 October 1943 24 May 1946 2 years, 221 days [33]
76
Sir John Cunningham
Cunningham, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Cunningham
(1885–1962)
24 May 1946 29 September 1948 2 years, 128 days [34]
77
The Lord Fraser of North Cape
Fraser, BruceAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Fraser of North Cape
(1888–1981)
29 September 1948 20 December 1951 3 years, 82 days [35]
78
Sir Rhoderick McGrigor
McGrigor, RhoderickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Rhoderick McGrigor
(1893–1959)
20 December 1951 18 April 1955 3 years, 119 days [36]
79
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral of the Fleet
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
18 April 1955 19 October 1959 4 years, 184 days [37]
80
Sir Charles Lambe
Lambe, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Lambe
(1900–1960)
19 October 1959 23 May 1960 217 days [38]
81
Sir Caspar John
John, CasparAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Caspar John
(1903–1984)
23 May 1960 7 August 1963 3 years, 76 days [39]
82
Sir David Luce
Luce, DavidAdmiral
Sir David Luce
(1906–1971)
7 August 1963 15 March 1966 2 years, 220 days [40]
83
Sir Varyl Begg
Begg, VarylAdmiral
Sir Varyl Begg
(1908–1995)
15 March 1966 12 August 1968 2 years, 150 days [41]
84
Sir Michael Le Fanu
Fanu, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Le Fanu
(1913–1970)
12 August 1968 3 July 1970 1 year, 325 days [42]
85
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
Hill, PeterAdmiral
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
(1915–2004)
3 July 1970 9 April 1971 280 days [43]
86
Sir Michael Pollock
Pollock, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Pollock
(1916–2006)
9 April 1971 1 March 1974 2 years, 326 days [44]
87
Sir Edward Ashmore
Ashmore, EdwardAdmiral
Sir Edward Ashmore
(1919–2016)
1 March 1974 9 February 1977 2 years, 345 days [45]
88
Sir Terence Lewin
Lewin, TerenceAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Terence Lewin
(1920–1999)
1 March 1977 6 July 1979 2 years, 127 days [46]
89
Sir Henry Leach
Leach, HenryAdmiral
Sir Henry Leach
(1923–2011)
6 July 1979 1 December 1982 3 years, 148 days [47]
90
Sir John Fieldhouse
Fieldhouse, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Fieldhouse
(1928–1992)
1 December 1982 2 August 1985 2 years, 244 days [48]
91
Sir William Staveley
Staveley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Staveley
(1928–1997)
2 August 1985 25 May 1989 3 years, 296 days [49]
92
Sir Julian Oswald
Oswald, JulianAdmiral
Sir Julian Oswald
(1933–2011)
25 May 1989 2 March 1993 3 years, 281 days [50]
93
Sir Benjamin Bathurst
Bathurst, BenjaminAdmiral
Sir Benjamin Bathurst
(born 1936)
2 March 1993 10 July 1995 2 years, 130 days [51]
94
Sir Jock Slater
Slater, JockAdmiral
Sir Jock Slater
(born 1938)
10 July 1995 8 October 1998 3 years, 90 days [52]
95
Sir Michael Boyce
Boyce, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Boyce
(born 1943)
8 October 1998 16 January 2001 2 years, 100 days [52]
96
Sir Nigel Essenhigh
Essenhigh, NigelAdmiral
Sir Nigel Essenhigh
(born 1944)
16 January 2001 17 September 2002 1 year, 244 days [53]
97
Sir Alan West
West, AlanAdmiral
Sir Alan West
(born 1948)
17 September 2002 6 February 2006 3 years, 142 days [52]
98
Sir Jonathon Band
Band, JonathonAdmiral
Sir Jonathon Band
(born 1950)
6 February 2006 21 July 2009 3 years, 165 days [52]
99
Sir Mark Stanhope
Stanhope, MarkAdmiral
Sir Mark Stanhope
(born 1952)
21 July 2009 9 April 2013 3 years, 262 days [52]
100
Sir George Zambellas
Zambellas, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Zambellas
(born 1958)
9 April 2013 8 April 2016 2 years, 365 days [54]
101
Sir Philip Jones
Jones, PhilipAdmiral
Sir Philip Jones
(born 1960)
8 April 2016 19 June 2019 3 years, 72 days [55]
102
Tony Radakin
Radakin, TonyAdmiral
Tony Radakin
(born 1965)
19 June 2019 Incumbent 1 year, 165 days [4][56]

Fictional First Sea Lords

In John Buchan's novel, The Thirty-Nine Steps (1915), the First Sea Lord is named as Lord Alloa, an impostor whom Richard Hannay recognizes at a meeting as a spy and recent pursuer of his. Hannay describes Lord Alloa as recognizable from news pictures for his "beard cut like a spade, the firm fighting mouth, the blunt square nose, and the keen blue eyes...the man, they say, that made the New British Navy".[57] The real First Sea Lord at the time the story is set (early summer 1914) was Prince Louis of Battenberg, coincidentally also bearded.[58]

See also

Copyright