Francesco Novello da Carrara

Medal with the bust of Francesco Novello, 1390

Francesco II da Carrara (19 May 1359 – 16 January 1406), known as Francesco il Novello ('Francesco the Younger'), was Lord of Padua after his father, Francesco I il Vecchio, renounced the lordship on 29 June 1388; he was a member of the family of Carraresi. He married Taddea, daughter of Niccolò II d'Este, Lord of Modena.[1]

He fought in the Battle of Castagnaro (1387) for Padua.

He was executed by Venetian officials after his capture during the war between Venice and Padua (see War of Padua). Burckhardt writes: "when the last Carrara could no longer defend the walls and gates of the plague-stricken Padua, hemmed in on all sides by the Venetians, the soldiers of the guard heard him cry to the devil 'to come and kill him.'"[2] His sons Francesco and Giacomo who had also been captured were executed the following day. [3] In Francesco's extensive familia, or ducal household, the painter Cennino Cennini imbibed the humanist culture expressed in his celebrated Libro dell'arte.[4]

Family

Francesco II had several legitimate children:[5]

  • Francesco III, was strangled a few days after his father.
  • Jacopo, taken prisoner after the surrender of Verona, strangled a few days after his father.
  • Ubertino
  • Marsilio
  • Nicolò, died in childhood
  • Gigliola da Carrara
  • Valpurga, abbess of Saint Agatha in Padua

He also had a number of illegitimate offspring:[5]

  • Stefano
  • Gionata
  • Milone
  • Agnese, married Ognibene da Mantova

References

  1. ^ A modern account of his dramatic career is L. Panzarino, Il Potere e la Nemesi, Francesco il Novello da Carrara e i suoi tempi, (Tipografia Rigoni Piove di Sacco), 2001.
  2. ^ Burckhardt, Jacob (1944). The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. London: Phaidon Press. p. 7.
  3. ^ "An Account of the End of the Carrara Dynasty, 1406," from A., B., and G. Gatari, Cronaca carrarese.
  4. ^ Martin Kemp, Behind the Picture: Art and Evidence in the Italian Renaissance (Yale University Press) 1997, pp 86f. Kemp notes the only documented reference to Cennino's career, which listed him in 1398 among familiaris magnifici domini paduani.
  5. ^ a b Ganguzza Billanovich 1977.

Sources

Preceded by Lord of Padua
1388–1405
Venetian conquest


Copyright