Fred Haise

Fred Haise
Fred Haise.jpg
Haise in 1969
Born
Fred Wallace Haise Jr.

(1933-11-14) November 14, 1933 (age 86)
Status Retired
Nationality American
Alma mater Perkinston Junior College, A.A. 1952
University of Oklahoma, B.S. 1959
Occupation Fighter pilot, test pilot
Awards Presidential Medal of Freedom NASA Distinguished Service Medal.jpg
Space career
NASA Astronaut
Rank US-O3 insignia.svg Captain, USAF
Time in space
5d 22h 54m
Selection 1966 NASA Group 5
Missions Apollo 13, ALT
Mission insignia
Apollo 13-insignia.pngEnterprise 1977 Approach and Landing Test mission patch.png
Retirement June 29, 1979

Fred Wallace Haise Jr. (/hz/ HAYZ;[1] born November 14, 1933) is an American former NASA astronaut, fighter pilot with the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Air Force and test pilot. He is one of only 24 people to have flown to the Moon, having flown as Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 13. He was to have been the sixth person to land and walk on the Moon, but the Apollo 13 mission was aborted before lunar landing. He went on to fly Space Shuttle Approach and Landing Tests in 1977,[2] and retired from NASA in 1979.[3]

Early life, education and flight experience

Haise in 1966

Born on November 14, 1933, and raised in Biloxi, Mississippi, Haise attended Biloxi High School, from which he graduated in 1950, and Perkinston Junior College, with original aims of a career in journalism, receiving an Associate of Arts degree in 1952.[4] He was a Boy Scout, earning the rank of Star Scout.[5] Eligible for the draft and despite being apprehensive of flying, he joined the Naval Aviation Cadet (NAVCAD) training program. Haise underwent Naval Aviator training from 1952 to 1954 and served as a U.S. Marine Corps fighter pilot at MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina, from March 1954 to September 1956.[3]

Haise has accumulated 9,300 hours flying time, including 6,200 hours in jets.[3]

After his military service, Haise returned to school and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree with honors in aeronautical engineering from the University of Oklahoma in 1959, concurrently serving in the Oklahoma Air National Guard, as a fighter interceptor pilot with the 185th Fighter Interceptor Squadron.[4] He then worked for the newly created NASA, first as a research pilot at the Lewis Research Center near Cleveland. His Air National Guard unit was called up during the Berlin Crisis of 1961 and he served ten months as a fighter pilot in the United States Air Force.[6] He was a tactical fighter pilot and chief of the 164th Standardization-Evaluation Flight of the 164th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Mansfield Lahm Air National Guard Base, Ohio.[3]

Haise completed post-graduate courses at the Aerospace Research Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California in 1964, and attended the six-week Harvard Business School's Advanced Management Program in 1972.[3]

NASA career

Haise practicing lunar EVA

In 1966, Haise was one of 19 new astronauts selected for NASA Astronaut Group 5.[7] He had already been working with NASA for several years as a civilian research pilot. He was the first astronaut among his class to be assigned to a mission, serving as backup Lunar Module Pilot for both Apollo 8 and Apollo 11.[3]

Apollo 13

Haise suiting up for the Apollo 13 mission, April 11, 1970

Haise flew as the lunar module pilot on the aborted Apollo 13 lunar mission in 1970.[9] Due to the distance between the Earth and Moon during the mission, Haise, Jim Lovell, and Jack Swigert hold the record for the farthest distance from the Earth ever traveled by human beings.[10][11] During this flight Haise developed a urinary tract infection and later kidney infections. These caused him to be in pain for most of the trip.[12]

Haise was slated to become the sixth human to walk on the Moon during Apollo 13 behind Lovell, who was to be fifth.[13] Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell eventually became the fifth and sixth, respectively, on Apollo 14, which completed Apollo 13's mission to the Fra Mauro formation.[14]

Haise remained in the astronaut rotation and served as the backup mission Commander for Apollo 16. Though there was no formal selection, Haise was prospectively slated to command Apollo 19 with William R. Pogue as command module pilot and Gerald P. Carr as lunar module pilot. However, the mission was canceled in late 1970 due to budget cuts.[15]

Space Shuttle approach and landing tests

Haise in front of the Space Shuttle Enterprise in 1976

After completing his backup assignment on Apollo 16, Haise moved over to the Space Shuttle program. In 1977, he participated in the program's Approach and Landing Tests at Edwards Air Force Base.[2][16][17] Along with C. Gordon Fullerton as Pilot, Haise as Commander piloted the Space Shuttle Enterprise in free flight to three successful landings after being released from the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.[18][19][20] These tests successfully verified the shuttle's flight characteristics, an important step toward the overall success of the program.[3]

Haise was originally slated to command the second Space Shuttle mission, which would have delivered a booster module that would have boosted the Skylab space station to a higher orbit, preserving it for future use. However, delays in the Shuttle program development as well as an unexpected increase in Skylab's orbital decay led to the mission being abandoned. Skylab was destroyed upon entering the Earth's atmosphere in July 1979, while the Space Shuttle did not launch until April 1981.[21]

In June 1979, Haise left NASA to become a test pilot and executive with Grumman Aerospace Corporation,[22] where he remained until retiring in 1996.[23]

Personal life

He has four children with his first wife Mary Griffin Grant, whom he married in 1954 and divorced in 1978:[3] Mary (b. 1956), Frederick (b. 1958), Stephen (b. 1961), and Thomas (b. 1970). He married his current wife, the former F. Patt Price, in 1979.[24]

On 22 August 1973 Haise was piloting a Convair BT-13 belonging to the Commemorative Air Force that had been converted to look like a Aichi D3A "Val" torpedo bomber for the movie Tora! Tora! Tora! While attempting a landing go around at Scholes Field in Galveston, Texas an undetermined power plant failure led to a crash landing. Haise suffered second‐degree burns over 50 percent of his body in the post crash fire.[25][26][27]

Organizations

Haise is a fellow of the American Astronautical Society and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP); member, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Gamma Tau, and Phi Theta Kappa; and honorary member, National WWII Glider Pilots Association.[3]

Awards and honors

Haise in 2015

Haise's other awards include the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Haley Astronautics Award for 1970;[28] the American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Awards for 1970 and 1977; the City of New York Gold Medal in 1970;[29] the City of Houston Medal for Valor in 1970;[30] the Jeff Davis Award (1970);[3] the Mississippi Distinguished Civilian Service Medal (1970);[3] the American Defense Ribbon;[3] the SETP's Ray E. Tenhoff Award for 1966;[3] the A. B. Honts Trophy as the outstanding graduate of Class 64A from the Aerospace Research Pilot School in 1964;[3] an honorary doctor of science degree from Western Michigan University (1970);[31] the JSC Special Achievement Award (1978);[3] the Soaring Society of America's Certificate of Achievement Award (1978); the General Thomas D. White USAF Space Trophy for 1977;[32][33] the SETP's Iven C. Kincheloe Award (1978);[34] and the Air Force Association's David C. Schilling Award (1978).[3]

He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom,[35] NASA Distinguished Service Medal,[3] and NASA Exceptional Service Medal.[3]

He was inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame in 1983 and the Aerospace Walk of Honor in 1995.[8][36] He was also one of 24 Apollo astronauts inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame on October 4, 1997.[37][38]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Say How? A Pronunciation Guide to Names of Public Figures". National Library Service for the Blind and Print Disabled. Library of Congress. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Fred Haise to lead '77 space shuttle test". Eugene Register-Guard. UPI. February 25, 1976. p. 5A – via Google News.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Astronaut Bio: Fred Haise". NASA, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. January 1996. Archived from the original on March 21, 2016. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "There was time planes worried astronaut Haise". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. April 7, 1970. p. 12A – via Google News.
  5. ^ "Scouting and Space Exploration". Boy Scouts of America. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  6. ^ "Fred W. Haise". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. April 12, 1970. p. 5A – via Google News.
  7. ^ Thompson, Ronald (April 5, 1966). "19 New Spacemen Are Named". The High Point Enterprise. High Point, North Carolina. p. 2A – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ a b "Fred W. Haise Jr., Lunar Module pilot on Apollo 13". New Mexico Museum of Space History. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  9. ^ "Apollo 13 Crew". Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  10. ^ Adamo 2009, p. 37.
  11. ^ Glenday 2010, p. 13.
  12. ^ Howell, Elizabeth (March 20, 2013). "Astronaut Fred Haise: Apollo 13 Crewmember". Space.com. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  13. ^ Evans, Ben (April 22, 2018). "Sampling the Moon: Remembering the Lost Moonwalks of Apollo 13 (Part 2)". AmericaSpace. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  14. ^ "Apollo 14 Lunar Module /ALSEP". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  15. ^ "Apollo 18 through 20 – The Cancelled Missions". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  16. ^ "Space flight milestone to be reached in July". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. (Washington Post / L.A. Times). April 11, 1977. p. 13A – via Google News.
  17. ^ "Shuttle's maiden solo flight Friday". Beaver County Times. UPI. August 11, 1977. p. A2 – via Google News.
  18. ^ "Space Shuttle solo is soaring success". Milwaukee Sentinel. (Los Angeles Times). August 13, 1977. p. 3, part 1 – via Google News.
  19. ^ "Test bumpy, but shuttle lands safely". Free Lance-Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. Associated Press. October 27, 1977. p. 15 – via Google News.
  20. ^ "Space shuttle landing rough". Lodi News-Sentinel. UPI. October 27, 1977. p. 22 – via Google News.
  21. ^ Evans, Ben (March 11, 2018). "'To Fly the First One': 40 Years Since the First Space Shuttle Crews". AmericaSpace. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  22. ^ "People: Fred Haise". Lodi News-Sentinel. July 17, 1995. p. 7 – via Google News.
  23. ^ McGee, Chris (December 2, 2009). "NASA Honors Biloxi's Apollo Astronaut Fred Haise with Moon Rock". NASA. CLT-09-201. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  24. ^ Wilson, Linda D. "Haise, Jr., Fred Wallace". The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  25. ^ "NTSB Accident Report FTW74FRA11, Convair BT-13A, N2200S". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  26. ^ "Former Astronaut injured In Crash of Vintage Plane". The New York Times. August 23, 1973. p. 11.
  27. ^ Slayton & Cassutt 1994, p. 20.
  28. ^ "Apollo 8 Crew Honored". Florida Today. March 25, 1970. p. 12C – via Newspapers.com.
  29. ^ Sauro, William E. (June 4, 1970). "Mayor Honors Apollo 13 Crew at Lincoln Center". The New York Times. p. 27.
  30. ^ "Space City Cover Society Plans Medal for Astronauts". Clarion-Ledger. Jackson, Mississippi. May 5, 1970. p. 7 – via Newspapers.com.
  31. ^ "Apollo 13 Astronauts Made Honorary WMU Alums". ScholarWorks at WMU. Western Michigan University. September 1970. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
  32. ^ "The Gen. Thomas D. White USAF Space Trophy" (PDF). USAF. May 1997. p. 156. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  33. ^ "Apollo 8 Crew Honored". Valley Times. North Hollywood, California. UPI. April 3, 1969. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.
  34. ^ "Iven C. Kincheloe Recipients". The Society of Experimental Test Pilots. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  35. ^ "Heroes of Apollo 13 Welcomed by President and Loved Ones". The Philadelphia Enquirer. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Associated Press. April 19, 1970. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
  36. ^ Sheppard, David (October 2, 1983). "Space Hall Inducts 14 Apollo Program Astronauts". El Paso Times. El Paso, Texas. p. 18 – via Newspapers.com.
  37. ^ "Fred Haise inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame". Astronaut Scholarship Foundation. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  38. ^ Meyer, Marilyn (October 2, 1997). "Ceremony to Honor Astronauts". Florida Today. Cocoa, Florida. p. 2B – via Newspapers.com.

Sources

External links

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