Gaius Julius Caesar (father of Caesar)

Gaius Julius Caesar III
quaestor, praetor, proconsul of Asia
G J Caesar-pater.jpg
Gaius Julius Caesar from "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum"
Born c. 140 BC
Died 85 BC
Spouse(s) Aurelia Cotta
Issue
Father Gaius Julius Caesar II
Mother Marcia

Gaius Julius Caesar (ca. 140 BC – 85 BC) was a Roman senator, a supporter of his brother-in-law, Gaius Marius, and the father of Roman Dictator Julius Caesar.

Biography

Caesar was married to Aurelia Cotta, a member of the Aurelii and Rutilii families. They had two daughters, known as Julia Major and Julia Minor, and a son, Gaius, who was born in 100 BC.[1] He was the brother of Sextus Julius Caesar (consul in 91 BC)[2] and the son of Gaius Julius Caesar.

Caesar's progress through the cursus honorum is well known, although the specific dates associated with his offices are controversial. According to two elogia erected in Rome long after his death, Caesar was a commissioner in the colony at Cercina, military tribune, quaestor, praetor, and proconsul of Asia.[3] The dates of these offices are unclear. The colony is probably one of Marius' of 103 BC.[4] Broughton dated the praetorship to 92 BC, with the quaestorship falling towards the beginning of the 90s BC.[5] Brennan has dated the praetorship to the beginning of the decade.[6]

Caesar died suddenly in 85 BC, in Rome, while putting on his shoes one morning. Another Caesar, possibly his father, had died similarly in Pisa.[7] His father had seen to his education by one of the best orators of Rome, Marcus Antonius Gnipho.[8] In his will, he left Caesar the bulk of his estate, but after Marius's faction had been defeated in the civil war of the 80s BC, this inheritance was confiscated by the dictator Sulla.[9]

Family

Roman families 4 Nov 08.png

References

  1. ^ Plutarch, Caesar 1, 9; Suetonius, Julius 1 Archived 2012-05-30 at Archive.today, 74
  2. ^ T.R.S. Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, ii.20
  3. ^ Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, 6.1311
  4. ^ T.C. Brennan, The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, 555.
  5. ^ Broughton, Magistrates, ii. 17
  6. ^ Brennan, Praetorship, 555
  7. ^ Pliny the Elder, Natural History 54.7
  8. ^ Suetonius, Lives of Eminent Grammarians 7
  9. ^ Suetonius, Julius 1 Archived 2012-05-30 at Archive.today

External links

Copyright