Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany

Geoffrey I of Rennes
Mariage Geoffroi, duc de Bretagne et Havoise de Normandie.JPG
Born c. 980
Rennes, County of Rennes, Duchy of Brittany
Died 20 November 1008
Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France
Burial
Brittany
Spouse Hawise
Issue Alan III of Brittany
Emme de Bretagne
Odo, Count of Penthièvre
Adela, Abbess of St. Georges
House House of Rennes
Father Conan I
Mother Ermengarde of Anjou
Religion Roman Catholicism

Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany (c. 980 – 20 November 1008), also known as Geoffrey of Rennes and Geoffrey Berengar, was the eldest son of Duke Conan I of Brittany. He was Count of Rennes (ruler of the Romano-Frankish civitas of Rennes), by right of succession. In 992 he assumed the title of Duke of Brittany, which had long been an independent state, but he had little control over much of Lower Brittany.[a]

Life

Geoffrey was the son of Duke Conan I, by his marriage to Ermengarde-Gerberga of Anjou.[1] He was the grandson of Judicael Berengar, Count of Rennes.

When Geoffrey succeeded to Brittany he had several problems:

  • Blois was encroaching on his territory,
  • Vikings were threatening his shores, and
  • He had to decide whether to accept the protection offered by Anjou.[2]

Norman alliance

In 996, at about the age of sixteen, Geoffrey entered into a dynastic alliance with Richard II, Duke of Normandy,[2] with a diplomatic double marriage between the two houses. The church-sanctioned marriage ceremonies were held at Mont Saint-Michel, on the Breton-Norman border, and while Geoffrey married Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy and sister of Richard II,[3] Richard married Judith of Brittany, Geoffrey's sister.

Geoffrey and Hawise had four children:

Death

Geoffrey died on 20 November 1008 while travelling on a pilgrimage to Rome.[4]

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