Goodbye Yellow Brick Road

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
Elton John - Goodbye Yellow Brick Road.jpg
Studio album by
Released 5 October 1973
Recorded May 1973
Studio Château d'Hérouville, Hérouville, France; remixed and overdubbed at Trident, London
Genre Pop rock[1]
Length 76:20
Label MCA (US), DJM (UK)
Producer Gus Dudgeon
Elton John chronology
Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player
(1973)
Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
(1973)
Lady Samantha
(1974)
Singles from Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
  1. "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting"
    Released: 29 June 1973
  2. "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road"
    Released: 7 September 1973
  3. "Bennie and the Jets"
    Released: 4 February 1974
  4. "Candle in the Wind"
    Released: 22 February 1974

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road is the seventh studio album by English singer-songwriter Elton John, first released in 1973 as a double LP. The album has sold more than 30 million copies worldwide[2] and is widely regarded as John's magnum opus. Among the 17 tracks, the album contains the hits "Candle in the Wind", US number-one single "Bennie and the Jets", "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" and "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" plus live favourites "Funeral for a Friend/Love Lies Bleeding" and "Harmony".

It was recorded at the Studio d'enregistrement Michel Magne at the Château d'Hérouville in France after problems recording at the intended location in Jamaica. The move provided John and his band with a great deal of creative inspiration and an abundance of quality material was produced, leading to the decision to release the work as a double album (LP).[3]

In 2020, the album was ranked number 112 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[4] It was also ranked number 59 in Channel 4's 2009 list of 100 Greatest Albums.[5]

The album was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2003[6] when it was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[7]

Production

Under the working titles of Vodka and Tonics and Silent Movies, Talking Pictures, Bernie Taupin wrote the lyrics in two and a half weeks, with John composing most of the music in three days while staying at the Pink Flamingo Hotel in Kingston, Jamaica.[8] John had wanted to go to Jamaica, in part because the Rolling Stones had just recorded Goats Head Soup there.[9]

Production on the album was started in Jamaica in January 1973, but due to difficulties with the sound system and the studio piano, logistical issues arising from the Joe Frazier-George Foreman boxing match taking place in Kingston, and protests over the political and economic situation in the country, the band decided to move before any productive work was done.[8]

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road was recorded in two weeks at the Studio d'enregistrement Michel Magne, at the Château d'Hérouville near Pontoise, in France, where John had previously recorded Honky Château and Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player. While a version of "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" was recorded in Jamaica, that recording was discarded; the released version of the song came from the sessions at the Château.

According to the album's producer, Gus Dudgeon, the album was not planned as a two-record collection. John and Taupin composed a total of 22 tracks for the album,[8] of which 18 (counting "Funeral for a Friend" and "Love Lies Bleeding" as two distinct tracks) were used, enough that it was released as a double album, John's first (three more such albums followed up to 2011). Through the medium of cinematic metaphor, the album builds on nostalgia for a childhood and culture left in the past.[8][10] Tracks include "Bennie and the Jets", "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road",[11] the 11-minute "Funeral for a Friend/Love Lies Bleeding", and the Marilyn Monroe tribute "Candle in the Wind". "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" was inspired by memories of a Market Rasen pub Taupin frequented when younger. "Grey Seal", previously the B-side of the 1970 single "Rock and Roll Madonna", was re-recorded for the album.[12]

"Harmony", the album's final track, was considered as a fourth single, but was not issued at the time because the chart longevity of the album and its singles brought it too close to the upcoming releases of Caribou and its proposed accompanying singles. It was, however, used as the B-side of the American release of the "Bennie and the Jets" single, and was popular on FM playlists of the day, especially WBZ-FM in Boston, whose top 40 chart allowed for the inclusion of LP cuts and B-sides as voted for by listeners. "Harmony" spent three weeks at no. 1 on WBZ-FM's chart in June 1974 and ranked no. 6 for the year, with "Bennie and the Jets" at no. 1 and "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" behind "Harmony" at no. 7. "Harmony" was released as a single in Britain in 1980 and failed to chart.

Release and reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic [13]
Christgau's Record Guide B[14]
Rolling Stone (negative)[15]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide [16]
Slant Magazine [17]
The Daily Vault A[18]

The album was released on 5 October 1973 as a double LP, with cover art by illustrator Ian Beck depicting John stepping into a poster. It debuted at no. 17 on the Billboard 200[19] and quickly rose to no. 1 on its fourth week on the chart, where it stayed for eight consecutive weeks.[20] It was the best selling album in the U.S. in 1974.[21] The album was preceded by its lead single, "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting", which reached no. 7 in the U.K. and no. 12 in the U.S. Its next single, "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" reached no. 6 in the U.K. and no. 2 in the U.S. "Bennie and the Jets" was released as a single in the U.S., and it topped the Billboard Hot 100 for one week in 1974. And its final single, "Candle in the Wind", released in the U.K., reached no. 11.

The original 1973 LP, when released on CD, was released on two discs, while the 1992 and 1995 CD remasters put the album on one disc as it was slightly less than 80 minutes. The 30th anniversary edition followed the original format, splitting the album across two discs to allow the inclusion of the bonus tracks, while a DVD on the making of the album was also included. The album has also been released by Mobile Fidelity as a single disc 24 karat gold CD. The album (including all four bonus tracks) was released on SACD (2003), DVD-Audio (2004), and Blu-ray Audio (2014).[22] These high resolution releases included the original stereo mixes, as well as 5.1 remixes produced and engineered by Greg Penny.

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road is widely regarded as John's best album, and is one of his most popular;[8] it is his best-selling studio album.

In the US it was certified gold on 12 October 1973 (just days after release), 5× platinum in March 1993, and eventually 8× platinum in February 2014 by the RIAA.

Legacy

In 2003, the album was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.[6] The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[7]

In 2003 and 2012, the album was ranked number 91 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time,[23] and re-ranked number 112 in a 2020 revised list.[4] It was also ranked number 59 in Channel 4's 2009 list of 100 Greatest Albums.[5]

According to Acclaimed Music, it is the 150th most celebrated album in popular music history.[24]

Track listing

All music is composed by Elton John; all lyrics are written by Bernie Taupin.

Personnel

According to the album's liner notes. Track numbers refer to CD and digital releases of the album.

Production

  • Gus Dudgeon – producer, liner notes
  • David Hentschel – engineer
  • Peter Kelsey – assistant engineer
  • Andy Scott – assistant engineer
  • Barry Sage – tape operator
  • David Larkham – art direction, artwork
  • Michael Ross – art direction, artwork
  • Ian Beck – artwork
  • John Tobler – liner notes

Charts

Certifications and sales

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[43] 3× Platinum 210,000double-dagger
New Zealand (RMNZ)[44] Platinum 15,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[45] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[46] 8× Platinum 8,000,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
double-dagger Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

References

  1. ^ Kachejian, Brian (27 January 2015). "10 Essential Elton John Albums". Classic Rock History. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  2. ^ "BBC Review". www.bbc.co.uk.
  3. ^ Tobler, John (1995). "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". albumlinernotes.com.
  4. ^ a b "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road ranked 112th greatest album by Rolling Stone magazine". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  5. ^ a b "The 100 Greatest Albums – Features – The Results". Channel 4. 26 February 2009. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  6. ^ a b "Grammy Hall of Fame Award Archived 7 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Grammy.org. Retrieved 21 December 2012
  7. ^ a b "Quintessence - Quarto Knows". www.quartoknows.com.
  8. ^ a b c d e Claude Bernardin, Tom Stanton (1996). Rocket man: Elton John from A-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 123. ISBN 0-275-95698-9. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  9. ^ Radio Two: Johnnie Walkers Long Players, February 2012
  10. ^ "Elton John – Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". superseventies.com. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  11. ^ "The Aston Arms in Market Rasen has been singled out as a top spot for drinkers by Scottish whisky brand The Famous Grouse". thisislincolnshire.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  12. ^ Claude Bernardin, Tom Stanton (1996). Rocket man: Elton John from A-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 177. ISBN 0-275-95698-9. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  13. ^ "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". AllMusic. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  14. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: J". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved 27 February 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  15. ^ Davis, Stephen (22 November 1973). "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road | Album Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  16. ^ "Elton John: Album Guide | Rolling Stone Music". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 14 June 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  17. ^ "Elton John Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  18. ^ Clutterbuck, Jeff (2019). "The Daily Vault Music Reviews : Goodbye Yellow Brick Rosd". dailyvault.com. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  19. ^ "Billboard 200 20 October 1973". Billboard. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  20. ^ "Billboard 200 10 November 1973". Billboard. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  21. ^ "Billboard 200 Year End 1974". Billboard. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  22. ^ "High Fidelity Pure Audio showcase of Goodbye Yellow Brick Road (40th Anniversary Edition)". Digital Lifestyle. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  23. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 31 May 2012.
  24. ^ "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road ranked 150th most celebrated album". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  25. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  26. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 4902". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  27. ^ a b "Hits of the World". Billboard. 24 November 1973. p. 49. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  28. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin – levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. p. 263. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
  29. ^ a b "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  30. ^ Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
  31. ^ a b "Charts.nz – Elton John – Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". Hung Medien. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  32. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Elton John – Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". Hung Medien. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  33. ^ "Hits of the World". Billboard. 22 December 1973. p. 54. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  34. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  35. ^ "Elton John Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  37. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  38. ^ "The Top 100 Albums of '74". RPM. Vol. 22, no. 19. 28 December 1974. p. 6. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  39. ^ "The Official UK Charts Company : ALBUM CHART HISTORY". Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  40. ^ "Billboard.com – Year End Charts – Year-end Albums – The Billboard 200". Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
  41. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1975 — The Official New Zealand Music Chart". Recorded Music New Zealand. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  42. ^ "ARIA End of Year Albums Chart 2019". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  43. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2020 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  44. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Elton John – Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  45. ^ "British album certifications – Elton John – Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". British Phonographic Industry.Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Goodbye Yellow Brick Road in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  46. ^ "American album certifications – Elton John – Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". Recording Industry Association of America.

External links

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