List of governors of Alabama

Governor of Alabama
Seal of the Governor of Alabama.svg
Seal of the Governor
Flag of the Governor of Alabama.svg
Standard of the Governor
Portrait-Governor-Kay-Ivey.jpg
Incumbent
Kay Ivey

since April 10, 2017
Style
Status
Residence Alabama Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, renewable once
Precursor Governor of Alabama Territory
Inaugural holder William Wyatt Bibb
Formation December 14, 1819
(199 years ago)
 (1819-12-14)
Deputy Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
Salary $119,950 (2013)[1]
Website http://www.governor.state.al.us

The Governor of Alabama is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Alabama. The governor is the head of the executive branch of Alabama's state government and is charged with enforcing state laws.

There have officially been 54 governors of the state of Alabama; this official numbering skips acting and military governors.[2] The first governor, William Wyatt Bibb, served as the only governor of the Alabama Territory. Five people have served as acting governor, bringing the total number of people serving as governor to 59, spread over 63 distinct terms. Four governors have served multiple non-consecutive terms: Bibb Graves, Jim Folsom, and Fob James each served two, and George Wallace served three non-consecutive periods. Officially, these non-consecutive terms are numbered only with the number of their first term. William D. Jelks also served non-consecutive terms, but his first term was in an acting capacity.

The longest-serving governor was George Wallace, who served 16 years over four terms. The shortest term for a non-acting governor was that of Hugh McVay, who served four and a half months after replacing the resigning Clement Comer Clay. Lurleen Wallace, wife of George Wallace, was the first woman to serve as governor of Alabama, and the third woman to serve as governor of any state. The current governor is Republican Kay Ivey, who took office on April 10, 2017 following Governor Robert J. Bentley's court-mandated resignation following a guilty plea-deal amidst a corruption scandal. She is the second female governor of Alabama.

Governors

Governor of the Territory of Alabama

Alabama Territory was formed on March 3, 1817, from Mississippi Territory. It had only one governor appointed by the President of the United States before it became a state; he became the first state governor.

Governor of the Territory of Alabama
Governor Term in office Appointed by
William Wyatt Bibb.jpg William Wyatt Bibb March 6, 1817[a]
โ€“
November 9, 1819[b]
James Monroe

Governors of the State of Alabama

Seal for use by the Governor-Elect
Governor's Flag 1868โ€“1939

Alabama was admitted to the Union on December 14, 1819. It seceded from the Union on January 11, 1861, and was a founding member of the Confederate States of America on February 4, 1861. Following the end of the American Civil War, Alabama during Reconstruction was part of the Third Military District, which exerted some control over governor appointments and elections. Alabama was readmitted to the Union on July 14, 1868.

The first Alabama Constitution, ratified in 1819, provided that a governor be elected every two years, limited to serve no more than four out of every six years.[4] This limit remained in place until the constitution of 1868, which simply allowed governors to serve terms of two years.[5] The current constitution of 1901 increased terms to four years,[6] but prohibited governors from succeeding themselves.[7] Amendment 282 to the constitution, passed in 1968, allowed governors to succeed themselves once; a governor serving two consecutive terms can run again after waiting out the next term.[8] The constitution had no set date for the commencement of a governor's term until 1901, when it was set at the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election.[7] However, the Alabama Supreme Court ruled in 1911 that a governor's term ends at midnight at the end of Monday, and the next governor's term begins the next day, regardless of if they were sworn in on Monday.[9]

The office of lieutenant governor was created in 1868,[10] abolished in 1875,[11] and recreated in 1901.[12] According to the current constitution, should the governor be out of the state for more than 20 days, the lieutenant governor becomes acting governor, and if the office of governor becomes vacant the lieutenant governor ascends to the governorship.[13] Earlier constitutions said the powers of the governor devolved upon the successor, rather than them necessarily becoming governor,[14] but the official listing includes these as full governors.[2] The governor and lieutenant governor are not elected on the same ticket.

Alabama was a strongly Democratic state before the Civil War, electing only candidates from the Democratic-Republican and Democratic parties. It had two Republican governors following Reconstruction, but after the Democratic Party re-established control, 112 years passed before voters chose another Republican.

Governors of the State of Alabama [c]
No.[d] Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor[e][f]
1 William Wyatt Bibb.jpg   William Wyatt Bibb November 9, 1819[b]
โ€“
July 10, 1820[g][h]
(died in office)
Democratic-
Republican
1819 Office did not exist
2 Governor Thomas Bibb.jpg Thomas Bibb July 10, 1820[h]
โ€“
November 9, 1821
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
3 Pickensisrael.jpg Israel Pickens November 9, 1821
โ€“
November 25, 1825
(term limited)
Democratic-
Republican
1821
1823
4 John murphy.jpg John Murphy November 25, 1825
โ€“
November 25, 1829
(term limited)
Jackson
Democrat
1825
1827
5 Gabrielmoore.jpg Gabriel Moore November 25, 1829
โ€“
March 3, 1831
(resigned)[i]
Jackson
Democrat
1829
6 Samuel B. Moore March 3, 1831
โ€“
November 26, 1831
(lost election)
Democratic Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
7 JohnGayle.jpg John Gayle November 26, 1831
โ€“
November 21, 1835
(term limited)
Democratic 1831
1833
8 Clement Comer Clay.jpg Clement Comer Clay November 21, 1835
โ€“
July 17, 1837[j]
(resigned)[k]
Democratic 1835
9 Hugh McVay.jpg Hugh McVay July 17, 1837[j]
โ€“
November 21, 1837[l]
(not candidate for election)
Democratic Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
10 Arthur bagby.jpg Arthur P. Bagby November 21, 1837[l]
โ€“
November 22, 1841
(term limited)
Democratic 1837
1839
11 Hon. Benjamin Fitzpatrick, Ala - NARA - 528657.jpg Benjamin Fitzpatrick November 22, 1841
โ€“
December 10, 1845
(term limited)
Democratic 1841
1843
12 Gov. Joshua L. Martin.jpg Joshua L. Martin December 10, 1845
โ€“
December 16, 1847
(not candidate for election)
Independent[m] 1845
13 Governor Reuben Chapman.jpg Reuben Chapman December 16, 1847
โ€“
December 17, 1849
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1847
14 Governor Henry Watkins Collier.jpg Henry W. Collier December 17, 1849
โ€“
December 20, 1853
(term limited)
Democratic 1849
1851
15 John A. Winston.jpg John A. Winston December 20, 1853
โ€“
December 1, 1857
(term limited)
Democratic 1853
1855
16 Andrew B. Moore.jpg Andrew B. Moore December 1, 1857
โ€“
December 2, 1861
(term limited)
Democratic 1857
1859
17 John Gill Shorter.jpg John Gill Shorter December 2, 1861
โ€“
December 1, 1863
(lost election)
Democratic 1861
18 Thomas Hill Watts 1860s.jpg Thomas H. Watts December 1, 1863
โ€“
May 1, 1865
(arrested and removed)[n]
Whig[o] 1863
โ€” Vacant May 1, 1865
โ€“
June 21, 1865
โ€” Office vacated
after civil war
19 Lewis E. Parsons - Brady-Handy.jpg Lewis E. Parsons June 21, 1865
โ€“
December 13, 1865
(provisional term ended)
โ€”[p] Provisional
governor
appointed by
President
[q]
20 Robert patton.jpg Robert M. Patton December 13, 1865
โ€“
July 14, 1868[r]
(not candidate for election)
Pre-War Whig[s] 1865[t]
โ€” WSwayne.jpg Wager Swayne March 2, 1867[u]
โ€“
January 11, 1868[v]

(removed)[30]
โ€” Military
occupation[t]
21 William Hugh Smith.jpg William Hugh Smith July 14, 1868[r]
โ€“
November 26, 1870[w]
(lost election)
Republican 1868
  Andrew J. Applegate
(took office August 13, 1868)
(died August 21, 1870)
Vacant
22 Robert B. Lindsay.jpg Robert B. Lindsay November 26, 1870
โ€“
November 17, 1872
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1870[w] Edward H. Moren
23 David P. Lewis.jpg David P. Lewis November 17, 1872
โ€“
November 24, 1874
(lost election)[32]
Republican 1872 Alexander McKinstry
24 George S. Houston - Brady-Handy.jpg George S. Houston November 24, 1874
โ€“
November 28, 1878
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1874 Robert F. Ligon
1876 Office did not exist
25 Rufus W. Cobb.jpg Rufus W. Cobb November 28, 1878
โ€“
December 1, 1882
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1878
1880
26 Edward A. O'Neal.jpg Edward A. O'Neal December 1, 1882
โ€“
December 1, 1886
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1882
1884
27 GOVTHOMASSEAY.JPG Thomas Seay December 1, 1886
โ€“
December 1, 1890
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1886
1888
28 Thomas Goode Jones.jpg Thomas G. Jones December 1, 1890
โ€“
December 1, 1894
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1890
1892
29 Governor William Calvin Oates.jpg William C. Oates December 1, 1894
โ€“
December 1, 1896
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1894
30 Joseph F Johnston-photo portrait.jpg Joseph F. Johnston December 1, 1896
โ€“
December 1, 1900
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1896
1898
โ€” William D. Jelks.jpg William D. Jelks December 1, 1900
โ€“
December 26, 1900

(acting)
Democratic 1900[x]
31 William J. Samford.jpg William J. Samford December 1, 1900
โ€“
June 11, 1901
(died in office)
Democratic
32 William D. Jelks.jpg William D. Jelks June 11, 1901
โ€“
January 14, 1907
(term limited)
Democratic Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
1902[y][z] Russell McWhortor Cunningham
(acted as governor
April 25, 1904โ€“March 5, 1905)
33 Braxton Bragg Comer.jpg B. B. Comer January 14, 1907[aa]
โ€“
January 16, 1911
(term limited)
Democratic 1906 Henry B. Gray
34 Emmet O'Neal cropped.jpg Emmet O'Neal January 17, 1911[aa]
โ€“
January 18, 1915
(term limited)
Democratic 1910 Walter D. Seed Sr.
35 Governor Charles Henderson.jpg Charles Henderson January 19, 1915[aa]
โ€“
January 20, 1919
(term limited)
Democratic 1914 Thomas Kilby
36 Thomas Kilby.jpg Thomas Kilby January 21, 1919[aa]
โ€“
January 15, 1923
(term limited)
Democratic 1918 Nathan Lee Miller
37 Governor William W. Brandon.jpg William W. Brandon January 16, 1923[aa]
โ€“
January 17, 1927
(term limited)
Democratic 1922
[ab]
Charles S. McDowell
(acted as governor
July 10, 1924โ€“July 11, 1924)
38 Bibb Graves.jpg Bibb Graves January 18, 1927[aa]
โ€“
January 19, 1931
(term limited)
Democratic 1926 William C. Davis
39 Benjamin Meek Miller (Alabama Governor).jpg Benjamin M. Miller January 20, 1931[aa]
โ€“
January 14, 1935
(term limited)
Democratic 1930 Hugh Davis Merrill
38 Bibb Graves.jpg Bibb Graves January 15, 1935[aa]
โ€“
January 16, 1939
(term limited)
Democratic 1934 Thomas E. Knight
(died May 17, 1937)
Vacant
40 Frank M. Dixon 1942 Auburn-3 (cropped).jpg Frank M. Dixon January 17, 1939[aa]
โ€“
January 18, 1943
(term limited)
Democratic 1938 Albert A. Carmichael
41 Chauncey Sparks.jpg Chauncey Sparks January 19, 1943[aa]
โ€“
January 20, 1947
(term limited)
Democratic 1942 Leven H. Ellis
42 Jim Folsom.jpg Jim Folsom January 21, 1947[aa]
โ€“
January 15, 1951
(term limited)
Democratic 1946 James C. Inzer
43 Gordon Persons.jpg Gordon Persons January 16, 1951[aa]
โ€“
January 17, 1955
(term limited)
Democratic 1950 James Allen
42 Jim Folsom.jpg Jim Folsom January 18, 1955[aa]
โ€“
January 19, 1959
(term limited)
Democratic 1954 William G. Hardwick
44 John Malcolm Patterson.jpg John Malcolm Patterson January 20, 1959[aa]
โ€“
January 14, 1963
(term limited)
Democratic 1958 Albert Boutwell
45 George C Wallace.jpg George Wallace January 15, 1963[aa]
โ€“
January 16, 1967
(term limited)
Democratic 1962 James Allen
46 Lurleen Wallace.jpg Lurleen Wallace January 17, 1967[aa]
โ€“
May 7, 1968
(died in office)
Democratic 1966
[ac]
Albert Brewer
(acted as governor
July 25, 1967)
47 Governor Albert Brewer 1970.jpg Albert Brewer May 7, 1968
โ€“
January 18, 1971
(not candidate for election)
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
45 George C Wallace.jpg George Wallace January 19, 1971[aa]
โ€“
January 15, 1979
(term limited)
Democratic 1970
[ad]
Jere Beasley
(acted as governor
June 5, 1972โ€“July 7, 1972)
1974
48 Reagan Contact Sheet C1331 (cropped2) (cropped).jpg Fob James January 16, 1979[aa]
โ€“
January 17, 1983
(not candidate for election)[37]
Democratic 1978 George McMillan
45 George C Wallace.jpg George Wallace January 18, 1983[aa]
โ€“
January 19, 1987
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1982 Bill Baxley
49 HGuyHunt.JPG H. Guy Hunt January 20, 1987[aa]
โ€“
April 22, 1993
(resigned)[ae]
Republican 1986 Jim Folsom Jr.[af]
1990
50 Jim Folsom Jr..jpg Jim Folsom Jr. April 22, 1993
โ€“
January 16, 1995
(lost election)
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
48 Reagan Contact Sheet C1331 (cropped2) (cropped).jpg Fob James January 17, 1995[aa]
โ€“
January 18, 1999
(lost election)[39]
Republican 1994 Don Siegelman[af]
51 Don Siegelman at Netroots Nation 2008 (cropped).jpg Don Siegelman January 19, 1999[aa]
โ€“
January 20, 2003
(lost election)[39]
Democratic 1998 Steve Windom[ag]
52 Governor Bob Riley (cropped).jpg Bob Riley January 21, 2003[aa]
โ€“
January 17, 2011
(term limited)
Republican 2002 Lucy Baxley[af]
2006 Jim Folsom Jr.[af]
53 Robert Bentley.jpg Robert J. Bentley January 18, 2011[aa]
โ€“
April 10, 2017
(resigned)[ah]
Republican 2010 Kay Ivey
2014
54 Portrait-Governor-Kay-Ivey.jpg Kay Ivey April 10, 2017
โ€“
present[ai]
Republican Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
2018 Will Ainsworth

See also

Copyright