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|Borough of Oslo||Gamle Oslo|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Grønland (meaning “Greenland” in Norwegian) is a neighbourhood in central Oslo, Norway. It is served by several tram and bus lines, as well as the Oslo Metro at the Grønland Station. The neighborhood, along with neighboring Tøyen, is considered to be one of the most ethnically diverse areas in Scandinavia, and is home to a large population of immigrants from Pakistan, Somalia, Turkey and Kurdistan.
The neighbourhood is situated on the east side of Akerselva, five to ten minutes walking distance from Oslo Central Station and downtown Oslo. It stretches from Grünerløkka down to the fjord by Middelalderparken shore area.
The area was originally the beach area east of the Aker river discharge, and the name alludes to grassland by the lake (the name Grønland means green land or green fields in Norwegian). The streets Grønland and Grønlandsleiret are where the old shoreline used to be. This is considered the historic northern border of Oslo. They are the old road between the suburb and Oslo (then called Christiania), via Vaterland Bridge (first bridge built 1654). The growth of Bjørvika led to the incorporation of Grønland into Christiania/Oslo in 1859. A church, a school and a fire station were built near the newly erected Botsfengslet in the 1600s.
- Exploring Grønland, Oslo’s “multicultural melting pot” www.lifeinnorway.net
- Knut Are Tvedt (red.): Oslo byleksikon: Grønland, Ed. Kunnskapsforlaget, Oslo 2010, (in Norwegian) ISBN 978-82-573-1760-7.
- Hvorfor heter det Nordpolen? Aftenposten, July 8, 2014 (in Norwegian)
- Grønland. Bydelen ingen ville ha Aftenposten, October 12, 2011 (in Norwegian)
- Oslo/Inner East travel guide from Wikivoyage
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