Great Grimsby (UK Parliament constituency)

Great Grimsby
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Great Grimsby in Humberside
Outline map
Location of Humberside within England
County Lincolnshire
Electorate 60,149 (December 2019)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1295
Member of Parliament Lia Nici (Conservative)
Number of members One
(Two until 1832)

Great Grimsby is a constituency[n 1] in North East Lincolnshire represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom since December 2019 by Lia Nici of the Conservative Party.[n 2][n 3]

Constituency profile

Fishing is a significant sector in Grimsby which is a deprived area. These factors meant the constituency voted strongly to leave the EU in 2016.[2]

Current boundaries

The present constituency follows the boundaries of the old Borough of Great Grimsby, which was abolished when the former county of Humberside was divided into four unitary authorities in 1996. From the 2010 general election new boundaries took effect, but the Boundary Commission's review led only to minimal changes, aligning the constituency boundaries with present ward boundaries so the seat still has electoral wards:

  • East Marsh, Freshney, Heneage, Park, Scartho, South, West Marsh and Yarborough.

History

The constituency has been represented since the first House of Commons was assembled in the Model Parliament of 1295, and it elected two MPs until 1832. Great Grimsby was established as a parliamentary borough in 1295, sending two burgesses, and has been continuously represented ever since. The town of Grimsby in Lincolnshire, a market town, fishing port and seaport.

Freemen of the town had the right to vote, provided they were resident and paying scot and lot; in 1831 this amounted to just under 400 voters. The town corporation bestowed this status, as today, rarely on those bringing acclaim to the place, but it was routinely acquired through apprenticeship in the guilds and by inheritance; in Great Grimsby, unusually, the husband of a freeman's daughter or widow acquired the freedom.[n 4]

In 1831, when the Reform Bill was being discussed in Parliament, the wives and daughters of the Great Grimsby freemen petitioned the House of Lords to retain their rights to pass on the vote to their future husbands and children. However, their concern to retain these rights may not have been rooted in any their family desiring to help choose the borough's MPs as a vote in Great Grimsby was a valuable commodity in a more mercenary sense, and the contemporary polemicist Oldfield considered that "This borough stands second to none in the history of corruption." At the start of the 18th century it was noted[by whom?] that Grimsby's "freemen did enter into treaties with several gentlemen in London, for sale of the choice of burgess to such as would give the most money". In 1701, the House of Commons overturned the election of one of Great Grimsby's MPs, William Cotesworth, for bribery and sent him to the Tower of London and temporarily suspended the borough's right to representation. Almost every election in Great Grimsby at this period was followed by a petition from defeated candidates alleging bribery, although that of 1701 seems to have been the only one which was acted upon.

Great Grimsby, like most boroughs except for the very largest, recognised a "patron" who could generally exercise influence over the choice of its MPs; at the time of the Great Reform Act of 1832, this was Lord Yarborough. However, the extent of the patron's power was limited in Great Grimsby, and the voters were quite prepared (at a price) to defy his advice. The patron could strengthen his position by providing employment to the freemen, as could his rivals. Jupp quotes two letters, one of 1818 and one of 1819, in which local agents advise the Tennyson family how best to do this in Grimsby so as to encroach on Lord Yarborough's influence:

"Build upon every spot of vacant ground you are possessed of... Thus you would give employment to a great number of freemen... Let Mr Heneage's estates [n 5] be divided into fields of four or six acres; and let these, together with your own estates be placed in the hands of freemen to whom they would be an object of importance. Provide, if possible, small farms for the sons of Lord Yarbro's tenants". [3]

On a less extravagant level, it is recorded that after Charles Tennyson was first elected in 1818 he presented a bottle of wine to each of the fathers of 92 local children about to be christened.

The General Election of 1831 in Grimsby was as notorious as in some of the rotten boroughs, the local Tories being accused of using a revenue cutter lying in the Humber to ply the Whig voters with drink and prevent them getting to the polls; the fact of the outcome standing led to a nationally well-known action by John Shelley for libel.

In 1831, the population of the borough was 4,008, and contained 784 houses. The Boundary Act in concert with the Reform Act enlarged the borough to include eight neighbouring parishes[n 6], brought the population up to 6,413 with 1,365 houses but the landed property aspect to the franchise was not reformed so this increased the electorate only to 656 so Great Grimsby lost one of its two seats. However, Grimsby's population and housing continued to grow and, unlike most of the boroughs that lost one seat in 1832, it has retained its existence, without taking up large swathes of the county.

The constituency underwent further significant boundary change in 1918 and 1950. In 1918, parishes that had joined, (Bradley, Great Coates, Little Coates, Laceby, Waltham, Weelsby and the adjoining neighbourhood/parish of Scartho) were detached to be added to Louth county constituency, and the seat [n 7] consisted of the county borough of Grimsby and the urban district (later borough) of Cleethorpes. In 1950, Cleethorpes was moved into the Louth county division, leaving the borough once more as Grimsby alone. More recent boundary changes have only been adjustments to conform to changes at local government level.

Labour's Austin Mitchell retained the seat in 1977 by only 520 votes in a by-election following the death of the Foreign Secretary Tony Crosland. He held the seat until retiring in 2015. At the 2010 election, Mitchell's majority was again reduced to three figures, after a swing of over 10% to the Conservatives.

At the 2015 election, Great Grimsby was considered a target for the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP).[4] UKIP had selected as their candidate the 2010 Conservative candidate, Victoria Ayling, who had switched parties since the previous election. Labour's candidate was Melanie Onn, while the Conservatives stood Marc Jones. In the event however, Onn was successful, increasing Mitchell's majority of 714 more than sixfold and enjoying a swing of 5.6% from the Conservatives, with UKIP finishing third, just 57 votes behind the Conservatives.[5] The Conservative and UKIP votes combined outnumbered the Labour vote, which was an indication that the Labour position was potentially precarious.

Similarly to many other traditionally working class Labour strongholds – labelled the "Red Wall" – in the North of England, in 2019, Great Grimsby was won by the Conservatives for the first time since 1935.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1295–1660

Year First member Second member
1330 Edmundus Rayner Robertus Keilby[6]:109
1341 Johannes de Grymesby[6]:110
1346 Peter de la See[6]:115
1355 Johannes de Grymesby[6]:112
1365 Willielmus Grymesby[6]:112
1372 Johannes de Grymesby[6]:112
1377 Willielmus Wele[6]:113
1379 Willielmus Grymesby[6]:112
1382 Willielmus Grymesby[6]
1383 Petrus de Gryesby[6]:112
1385 Willielmus Wele[6]:113
1386 John Newland William Elmsall[7]
1388 (Feb) Robert Burton William Paule[7]
1388 (Sep) Geoffrey Askeby Richard Barber[7]
1390 (Jan) Richard Misen Walter Slotheby[7]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Hesilden William Welle[7]
1393 Robert Burton John Kelby[7]
1394 Robert Burton Walter Slotheby[7]
1395 Robert Burton William Elmsall[7]
1397 (Jan) Robert Burton John Kelby[7]
1397 (Sep)
1399 Walter Slotheby William Elmsall[7]
1401
1402 Richard White John Kelby[7]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct) William Hosier John Miles[7]
1406 William Lele John Kelby[7]
1407 William Fosse Simon Grimsby[7]
1411 William Fosse John Thoresby[7]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Gilbert Keremond Richard Duffield[7]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Roger Dale Richard Duffield[7]
1415
1416 (Mar) Roger Dale Gilbert Keremond[7]
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419
1420 John Lufford Richard Duffield[7]
1421 (May) Simon Elkyngton Roger Grainsby[7]
1421 (Dec) Roger Dale Richard Duffield[7]
1410
1448 Willielmus Grymesby[6]:112
1472 Willielmus Grymesby[6]:112 Hugo Eden[6]:115
1483 Hugo Eden[6]:115 Peter de la See[6]:115
1485 Stephen de la See[6]:118
1485 John Saynton Thomas Pormard[8]
1487 John Saynton John Moigne[8]
1494 Hugo Eden[6]:115
1496 John Heneage[6]:119
1509 Sir Robert Tyrwhitt[6]:115
1510 Sir William Tyrwhitt Sir Robert Wingfield [9]
1512 George Barnardiston Robert Vicars[9]
1515 Philip Hamby William Hatcliffe[9]
1523 John Heneage Robert Lord[9]
1529 Sir William Askew John Heneage[9]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 Richard Goodrich ?[9]
1545 Thomas Hussey Richard Goodrich[9]
1547 Richard Goodrich John Bellow[9]
1553 (Mar) ?
1553 (Oct) George Heneage John Bellow[9]
1554 (Apr) Ambrose Sutton John Bellow[9]
1554 (Nov) John Bellow Thomas Constable[9]
1555 John Bellow Thomas Constable[9]
1558 John Bellow Marmaduke Tyrwhitt[9]
1558/9 Sir Edward Warner John Bellow[10]
1562/3 Christopher Wray Edward Fitzgerald[10]
1571 Thomas St Poll John Thymbleby[10]
1572 Thomas Moryson Thomas Grantham[10]
1584 (Nov) William Wray Thomas Moryson[10]
1586 (Oct) Tristram Tyrwhitt Thomas Moryson[10]
1588/9 Thomas Moryson Tristram Tyrwhitt[10]
1593 William Barne Nicholas Saunderson[10]
1597 (Sep) Thomas Hatcliffe Thomas Ellis[10]
1601 (Oct) Thomas Clinton alias Fiennes, Lord Clinton Edward Skipwith[10]
1604 Sir William Wray Sir George St Paul
1614 Sir John Wray Richard Toothby
1621 Henry Pelham Sir Christopher Wray
1624 Henry Pelham Sir Christopher Wray
1625 Henry Pelham Sir Christopher Wray
1626 Henry Pelham William Skinner
1628 Henry Pelham Christopher Wray
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
April 1640 Christopher Wray Sir Gervase Hollis
November 1640 Christopher Wray Sir Gervase Holles
1645 William Wray Edward Rossiter
1654 William Wray One seat only
1656 William Wray One seat only
1659 William Wray Edward Ayscough

MPs 1660–1832

Year First member[11] First party Second member[11] Second party
1660 Edward King William Wray
1661 Gervase Holles Adrian Scrope
1666 Sir Henry Belasyse, killed in duel, 1667 Royalist
October 1667 Sir Philip Tyrwhitt
November 1667 Sir Frescheville Holles
1673 William Broxholme
1675 Sir Christopher Wray
1679 George Pelham
1685 Sir Edward Ayscough Sir Thomas Barnardiston
1690 John Chaplin
1695 Arthur Moore
1699 Thomas Vyner
January 1701 William Cotesworth
March 1701 Seat vacant[12]
December 1701 Arthur Moore
1702 John Chaplin
1705 William Cotesworth
1710 Robert Vyner
1713 William Cotesworth
1715 Robert Chaplin[13] Joseph Banks
1721 Arthur Moore
1722 Benjamin Collyer Charles Pelham
1727 John Page George Monson
1734 Sir Robert Sutton Robert Knight
1741 William Lock
1747 John Gore
1761 Hon. Henry Knight Joseph Mellish
1762 Robert Knight, 1st Baron Luxborough[14]
1768 Colonel Anthony St Leger
1774 Francis Evelyn Anderson
1780 John Harrison Whig[15] Francis Eyre
1784 Dudley Long[16] Whig[15]
1796 Ayscoghe Boucherett Whig[15] William Mellish Whig[15]
1802 Colonel John Henry Loft[17] Tory[15]
March 1803 William Mellish Whig[15]
July 1803 Hon. Charles Anderson-Pelham Whig[15]
1806 Hon. George Anderson-Pelham Whig[15]
1807 William Ellice Tory[15]
1808 Colonel John Henry Loft Tory[15]
1812 John Peter Grant Whig[15] Sir Robert Heron, Bt Whig[15]
1818 John Nicholas Fazakerley Whig[15] Charles Tennyson Tory[15]
1820 William Duncombe Tory[15]
1826 Charles Wood Whig[15] George Heneage Whig[15]
1830 George Harris Tory[15]
May 1831 John Shelley Tory[15]
August 1831 Henry Fitzroy Tory[15] James St Clair-Erskine Tory[15]
1832 Representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1832

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Great Grimsby [22]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Conservative Lia Nici 18,150 54.9 +12.7
Labour Melanie Onn 10,819 32.7 βˆ’16.7
Brexit Party Christopher Barker 2,378 7.2 New
Liberal Democrats Ian Barfield 1,070 3.2 +0.5
Green Loyd Emmerson 514 1.6 New
Independent Nigel Winn 156 0.5 New
Majority 7,331 22.2 N/A
Turnout 33,087 57.7 βˆ’3.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +14.7
General election 2017: Great Grimsby [23]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Melanie Onn 17,545 49.4 +9.6
Conservative Jo Gideon 14,980 42.2 +15.9
UKIP Mike Hookem 1,648 4.6 βˆ’20.4
Liberal Democrats Steve Beasant 954 2.7 βˆ’2.3
Independent Christina McGilligan-Fell 394 1.1 New
Majority 2,565 7.2 βˆ’6.3
Turnout 35,521 58.0 +0.3
Labour hold Swing βˆ’3.1
General election 2015: Great Grimsby [24] [25]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Melanie Onn 13,414 39.8 +7.1
Conservative Marc Jones 8,874 26.3 βˆ’4.2
UKIP Victoria Ayling 8,417 25.0 +18.8
Liberal Democrats Steve Beasant 1,680 5.0 βˆ’17.4
Green Vicky Dunn 783 2.3 New
Independent Gary Calder 390 1.2 New
TUSC Val O'Flynn 173 0.5 New
Majority 4,540 13.5 +11.3
Turnout 33,731 57.7 +3.9
Labour hold Swing +5.6
General election 2010: Great Grimsby [26] [27]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 10,777 32.7 βˆ’14.4
Conservative Victoria Ayling 10,063 30.5 +6.7
Liberal Democrats Andrew de Freitas 7,388 22.4 +3.1
UKIP Henry Hudson 2,043 6.2 +2.4
BNP Stephen Fyfe 1,517 4.6 +0.5
Independent Ernie Brown 835 2.5 New
People's National Democratic Party Adrian Howe 331 1.0 New
Majority 714 2.2 βˆ’21.0
Turnout 32,954 53.8 +2.1
Labour hold Swing βˆ’10.5

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Great Grimsby [28]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 15,512 47.1 βˆ’10.8
Conservative Giles Taylor 7,858 23.8 +0.7
Liberal Democrats Andrew de Freitas 6,356 19.3 +0.3
BNP Stephen Fyfe 1,338 4.1 New
UKIP Martin Grant 1,239 3.8 New
Green David Brooks 661 2.0 New
Majority 7,654 23.2 -11.6
Turnout 32,964 51.7 βˆ’0.6
Labour hold Swing βˆ’5.7
General election 2001: Great Grimsby [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 19,118 57.9 βˆ’1.9
Conservative James Cousins 7,634 23.1 +1.0
Liberal Democrats Andrew De Freitas 6,265 19.0 +0.9
Majority 11,484 34.8 -2.9
Turnout 33,017 52.3 βˆ’14.0
Labour hold Swing βˆ’1.4

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Great Grimsby [30] [31] [32]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 25,765 59.8 +8.8
Conservative Dean Godson 9,521 22.1 βˆ’14.1
Liberal Democrats Andrew De Freitas 7,810 18.1 +5.3
Majority 16,244 37.7 +22.9
Turnout 43,096 66.3 βˆ’9.0
Labour hold Swing +11.5
General election 1992: Great Grimsby [33] [34]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 25,897 51.0 +0.6
Conservative Philip Jackson 18,391 36.2 +4.7
Liberal Democrats Pat Frankish 6,475 12.8 βˆ’5.2
Majority 7,506 14.8 βˆ’4.1
Turnout 50,763 75.3 +0.6
Labour hold Swing βˆ’2.0

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Great Grimsby [35]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 23,463 50.4 +14.1
Conservative Francis Robinson 14,679 31.5 βˆ’3.4
SDP Paul Genney 8,387 18.0 βˆ’10.8
Majority 8,784 18.9 +17.5
Turnout 46,529 74.7 +0.9
Labour hold Swing +8.7
General election 1983: Great Grimsby [36]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 18,330 36.3 βˆ’13.7
Conservative C. A. Hancock 17,599 34.9 βˆ’4.8
SDP Paul Genney 14,552 28.8 +21.2
Majority 731 1.4 βˆ’11.0
Turnout 50,481 73.8 -2.0
Labour hold Swing βˆ’5.4

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 26,282 52.03 +4.93
Conservative Robert Blair 20,041 39.68 +7.77
Liberal D. M. Rigby 3,837 7.60 βˆ’13.03
Independent J. Lennard 214 0.42 New
National Front J. Hayes 137 0.27 New
Majority 6,241 12.36 βˆ’2.82
Turnout 50,511 75.79 +6.43
Labour hold Swing βˆ’1.41
1977 Great Grimsby by-election
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Austin Mitchell 21,890 46.88 βˆ’0.22
Conservative Robert Blair 21,370 45.76 +13.85
Liberal Andrew de Freitas 3,128 6.7 βˆ’13.93
Socialist Workers Michael Stanton 215 0.5 New
Sunshine Party Peter Bishop 64 0.1 New
Malcolm Muggeridge Fan Club Max Nottingham 30 0.0 New
Majority 520 1.12 βˆ’14.06
Turnout 46,697
Labour hold Swing βˆ’7.03
General election October 1974: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Tony Crosland 21,657 47.10 +4.27
Conservative K. C. Brown 14,675 31.91 +0.33
Liberal D. M. Rigby 9,487 20.63 +3.35
Independent Labour J. McElrea 166 0.36 New
Majority 6,982 15.19 +3.94
Turnout 45,985 69.36
Labour hold Swing +2.0
General election February 1974: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Tony Crosland 21,585 42.83 βˆ’9.69
Conservative K. C. Brown 15,914 31.58 βˆ’7.32
Liberal D. M. Rigby 12,084 23.98 +15.4
Ind. Conservative P. H. Kale 816 1.62 New
Majority 5,671 11.25 βˆ’2.37
Turnout 50,399 76.73
Labour hold Swing βˆ’1.18
General election 1970: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Tony Crosland 23,571 52.52 βˆ’6.42
Conservative Michael Fabian Spungin 17,460 38.90 βˆ’2.16
Liberal Dilwyn J. Hardwidge 3,850 8.58 New
Majority 6,111 13.62 βˆ’4.26
Turnout 44,881 68.38
Labour hold Swing βˆ’2.13

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Tony Crosland 26,788 58.94 +4.6
Conservative Patrick Cormack 18,662 41.06 βˆ’4.6
Majority 8,126 17.88 +9.20
Turnout 45,450 74.18
Labour hold Swing +4.6
General election 1964: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Tony Crosland 26,675 54.34 +4.24
Conservative Wilfrid Pearson 21,577 45.66 βˆ’4.24
Majority 4,098 8.68
Turnout 48,252 75.89
Labour hold Swing +4.24

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Tony Crosland 24,729 50.10
Conservative Wilfrid Pearson 24,628 49.90
Majority 101 0.20
Turnout 49,357 76.70
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Kenneth Younger 24,926 53.80
Conservative Lord Worsley 21,404 46.20
Majority 3,522 7.60
Turnout 46,330 73.33
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Great Grimsby [37]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Kenneth Younger 29,462 56.58
National Liberal and Conservative Charles William Hewson 22,611 43.42
Majority 6,851 13.16
Turnout 52,073 82.01
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Kenneth Younger 28,906 56.24
Conservative John Hall 22,494 43.76
Majority 6,412 12.48
Turnout 51,400 82.73
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Labour Kenneth Younger 28,484 60.10
Conservative Walter Womersley 18,841 39.81
Majority 9,643 20.38 N/A
Turnout 47,325 68.39
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Conservative Walter Womersley 25,470 51.75
Labour Henry Brinton 23,743 48.25
Majority 1,727 3.50
Turnout 49,213 69.27
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Great Grimsby
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Conservative Walter Womersley 33,725 67.65
Labour George Edward Farmery 16,124 32.35
Majority 17,601 35.30
Turnout 49,849 69.33
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Grimsby [38]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Unionist Walter Womersley 27,001 54.8 +3.4
Labour Ernest Marklew 22,254 45.2 +9.6
Majority 4,747 9.6 βˆ’6.2
Turnout 49,255 71.9 βˆ’4.5
Unionist hold Swing βˆ’3.1
General election 1924: Grimsby [38]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Unionist Walter Womersley 21,487 51.4 βˆ’1.0
Labour Charles Edwin Franklin 14,874 35.6 βˆ’12.0
Liberal Thomas Wing 5,442 13.0 New
Majority 6,613 15.8 +11.0
Turnout 41,803 76.4 +14.2
Unionist hold Swing +5.5
General election 1923: Grimsby [39]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Unionist Tom Sutcliffe 17,577 52.4 βˆ’10.1
Labour Charles Edwin Franklin 15,959 47.6 +10.1
Majority 1,618 4.8 βˆ’20.2
Turnout 33,536 62.2 βˆ’10.1
Unionist hold Swing βˆ’10.1
General election 1922: Grimsby [38]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Unionist Tom Sutcliffe 23,726 62.5 +11.3
Labour Charles Edwin Franklin 14,227 37.5 +1.8
Majority 9,499 25.0 +7.5
Turnout 37,953 72.3 +18.3
Unionist hold Swing +3.8

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Grimsby [40]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
C Unionist Thomas Tickler 13,688 51.2 βˆ’1.1
Labour Charles Edwin Franklin 9,015 33.7 New
Independent Unionist James William Eason 2,791 10.4 New
NFDDSS Harry James Frederick Crosby 1,260 4.7 New
Majority 4,673 17.5 +12.9
Turnout 25,494 54.0 βˆ’29.8
Unionist hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
General Election 1915: Grimsby (cancelled)
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Unionist Thomas Tickler
Liberal James Whitely Wilkin
Due to the outbreak of the First World War, this election did not take place. These candidates were chosen by Autumn 1914.
1914 Great Grimsby by-election [41]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Unionist Thomas Tickler 8,471 50.8 βˆ’1.5
Liberal Alfred Bannister 8,193 49.2 +1.5
Majority 278 1.6 βˆ’3.0
Turnout 16,664 80.5 βˆ’3.3
Unionist hold Swing βˆ’1.5
General election December 1910: Grimsby [41]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Unionist George Doughty 7,903 52.3 +3.4
Liberal Thomas Wing 7,205 47.7 βˆ’3.4
Majority 698 4.6 N/A
Turnout 15,108 83.8 βˆ’0.6
Registered electors 18,029
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +3.4
Tom Wing
General election January 1910: Grimsby [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Thomas Wing 7,772 51.1 +19.1
Liberal Unionist George Doughty 7,450 48.9 βˆ’1.3
Majority 322 2.2 N/A
Turnout 15,222 84.4 +5.7
Registered electors 18,029
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +10.2

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Grimsby [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Unionist George Doughty 6,349 50.2 N/A
Liberal Henry Hyman Haldinstein 4,040 32.0 New
Labour Repr. Cmte. Thomas Proctor 2,248 17.8 New
Majority 2,309 18.2 N/A
Turnout 12,638 78.7 N/A
Registered electors 16,058
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: Grimsby [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Unionist George Doughty Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold

Elections in the 1890s

Thomas Wintringham
1898 Great Grimsby by-election [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Unionist George Doughty 4,940 59.3 +10.4
Liberal Thomas Wintringham 3,189 38.3 βˆ’12.8
Ind. Conservative Robert D. Melhuish 204 2.4 New
Majority 1,751 21.0 N/A
Turnout 8,333 67.7 βˆ’6.0
Registered electors 12,317
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +11.6
  • Doughty resigned to seek re-election as a candidate for the Liberal Unionist Party.
George Doughty
General election 1895: Grimsby [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal George Doughty 4,347 51.1 βˆ’3.0
Liberal Unionist Edward Heneage 4,166 48.9 +3.0
Majority 181 2.2 βˆ’6.0
Turnout 8,513 73.7 βˆ’1.6
Registered electors 11,558
Liberal hold Swing βˆ’3.0
Henry Broadhurst
1893 Great Grimsby by-election [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Unionist Edward Heneage 4,427 56.1 +10.2
Lib-Lab Henry Broadhurst 3,463 43.9 βˆ’10.2
Majority 964 12.2 N/A
Turnout 7,890 74.0 βˆ’1.3
Registered electors 10,662
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.2
  • Caused by Josse's resignation.
General election 1892: Grimsby [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Henri Josse 4,202 54.1 +7.1
Liberal Unionist Edward Heneage 3,566 45.9 βˆ’7.1
Majority 636 8.2 N/A
Turnout 7,768 75.3 +10.3
Registered electors 10,315
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +7.1

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Grimsby [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Unionist Edward Heneage 2,982 53.0 +9.2
Liberal Thomas Sutherst 2,649 47.0 βˆ’9.2
Majority 333 6.0 N/A
Turnout 5,631 65.0 βˆ’11.3
Registered electors 8,659
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +9.2
1886 Grimsby by-election [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Edward Heneage 3,390 59.3 +3.1
Conservative Arthur Walker 2,330 40.7 βˆ’3.1
Majority 1,060 18.6 +6.2
Turnout 5,720 66.1 βˆ’10.2
Registered electors 8,659
Liberal hold Swing +3.1
General election 1885: Grimsby [42]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Edward Heneage 3,711 56.2 βˆ’4.2
Conservative Arthur Walker 2,897 43.8 +4.2
Majority 814 12.4 βˆ’8.4
Turnout 6,608 76.3 βˆ’0.7
Registered electors 8,659
Liberal hold Swing βˆ’4.2
General election 1880: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Edward Heneage 3,054 60.4 +12.8
Conservative George Morland Hutton[44] 2,002 39.6 βˆ’12.8
Majority 1,052 20.8 N/A
Turnout 5,056 77.0 +9.5
Registered electors 6,562
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +12.8

Elections in the 1870s

1877 Great Grimsby by-election [43] [45]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Alfred Watkin 1,699 54.6 +7.0
Conservative Peter Kerslake Seddon 1,315 42.3 βˆ’10.1
Liberal Philip Sayle 97 3.1 N/A
Majority 384 12.3 N/A
Turnout 3,111 59.4 +1.9
Registered electors 5,235
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.6
  • Caused by Chapman's death.
General election 1874: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Conservative John Chapman 1,534 52.4 N/A
Liberal Edward Heneage 1,393 47.6 +1.3
Majority 141 4.8 N/A
Turnout 2,927 57.5 βˆ’8.9
Registered electors 5,091
Conservative gain from Liberal-Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal-Conservative George Tomline[46] 1,548 53.7 New
Liberal John Fildes 1,337 46.3 +0.4
Majority 211 7.4 N/A
Turnout 2,885 66.4 βˆ’16.6
Registered electors 4,348
Liberal-Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
General election 1865: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal John Fildes 571 54.1 βˆ’37.1
Conservative John Chapman 485 45.9 N/A
Majority 86 8.2 βˆ’74.2
Turnout 1,056 83.0 +20.3
Registered electors 1,273
Liberal hold Swing N/A
1862 Grimsby by-election [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Conservative John Chapman 458 50.7 New
Liberal George Heneage 446 49.3 βˆ’41.9
Majority 12 1.4 N/A
Turnout 904 85.1 +22.4
Registered electors 1,062
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
  • Caused by Anderson-Pelham's succession to the peerage, becoming Earl of Yarborough.

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Liberal Charles Anderson-Pelham 526 91.2 N/A
Chartist William Colley Parker[47][48] 51 8.8 New
Majority 475 82.4 N/A
Turnout 577 62.7 N/A
Registered electors 920
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1857: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Whig Charles Anderson-Pelham Unopposed
Registered electors 888
Whig gain from Conservative
General election 1852: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Conservative William Annesley 347 54.8 New
Whig Edward Heneage 286 45.2 N/A
Majority 61 9.6 N/A
Turnout 633 73.5 N/A
Registered electors 861
Conservative gain from Whig Swing N/A

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1847: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Whig Edward Heneage Unopposed
Registered electors 619
Whig hold
General election 1841: Grimsby [43]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Whig Edward Heneage Unopposed
Registered electors 573
Whig hold

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1837: Grimsby [43] [15]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Whig Edward Heneage Unopposed
Registered electors 590
Whig hold
General election 1835: Grimsby [43] [15]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Whig Edward Heneage 260 53.4 βˆ’11.9
Conservative Alexander Grant 227 46.6 +11.9
Majority 33 6.8 βˆ’23.8
Turnout 487 82.3 +12.9
Registered electors 592
Whig hold Swing βˆ’11.9
General election 1832: Grimsby [43] [15]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Whig William Maxfield 297 65.3 +17.4
Tory James St Clair-Erskine 158 34.7 βˆ’17.4
Majority 139 30.6 N/A
Turnout 455 69.4 c.β€‰βˆ’24.6
Registered electors 656
Whig gain from Tory Swing +17.4
By-election, 10 August 1831: Grimsby [15] [49]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Tory Henry FitzRoy 182 26.9 +0.3
Tory James St Clair-Erskine 181 26.8 +1.3
Whig Charles Henry Bellenden Ker 160 23.7 βˆ’1.2
Whig William Maxfield 153 22.6 βˆ’0.4
Majority 21 3.1 +2.4
Turnout 338 c. 84.5 c.β€‰βˆ’9.5
Registered electors c. 400
Tory hold Swing +0.6
Tory hold Swing +1.1
  • Caused by the 1831 election being overturned on petition.
General election 1831: Grimsby [15] [49]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Tory George Harris (MP for Great Grimsby) 200 26.6 βˆ’0.8
Tory John Shelley 192 25.5 +5.6
Whig Rees Howell Gronow 187 24.9 βˆ’4.1
Whig Henry William Hobhouse 173 23.0 βˆ’0.7
Majority 5 0.7 βˆ’0.9
Turnout c. 376 c. 94.0 c.β€‰βˆ’4.5
Registered electors c. 400
Tory hold Swing +0.8
Tory gain from Whig Swing +4.0
General election 1830: Grimsby [15] [49]
Party Candidate Votes % Β±%
Whig Charles Wood 227 29.0
Tory George Harris (MP for Great Grimsby) 215 27.4
Whig George Heneage 186 23.7
Tory Thomas-Chaloner Bisse-Challoner 156 19.9
Turnout 394 c. 98.5
Registered electors c. 400
Majority 12 1.6
Tory hold Swing
Majority 29 3.7
Tory gain from Whig Swing

See also

Copyright