Gregory Grossman

Gregory Grossman (July 5, 1921, Kiev – August 14, 2014[1]) was late professor emeritus at UC Berkeley, an authority on the economy of the Soviet Union.[2] He is credited with the introduction of the terms "second economy" and "command economy".[1]

He received his undergraduate degree in economics from Berkeley in 1942 and his Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University in 1952. He spent his entire career, 1952-1993, at Berkeley.[2]

He received the lifetime achievement award from the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies in 1991.

The term "command economy" was introduced in his seminal 1963 article Notes for a Theory of the Command Economy. The term "second economy" was introduced in his another article, The Second Economy of the USSR (1977).[2]


  • Grossman, G. 1963: Notes for a theory of the Command Economy. Soviet Studies XV(2): 101—123.
  • Grossman, G. 1977: The second economy of the USSR. Problems of Communism. September—October, reprinted. In: Tanzi, V (ed). The Underground Economy in the United States and Abroad. Lexington: Lexington, MA.