Grey (New Zealand electorate)

Grey Valley, Westland, New Zealand, 1976.

Grey, originally formed as Greymouth, is a former parliamentary electorate in the West Coast region of New Zealand. The electorate of Greymouth was created for the 1881 general election, and lasted until 1890. In 1890 the Grey electorate was created, and was abolished in 1919.

Population centres

Throughout the electorate's history, the town of Greymouth was always included in its area. The town of Brunner belonged to the electorate during most periods.[1]

History

Greymouth was represented from the 1881 general election by Joseph Petrie.[2] He was defeated in the 1884 general election by Arthur Guinness, who represented the electorate (renamed in 1890 as Grey) until his death in 1913.[3]

After the resulting 1913 by-election, the electorate was represented from 1916 to 1919 by two radical politicians from the West Coast coal mines representing the Labour Party or its predecessors. They were Paddy Webb, who was imprisoned in 1918,[4] and Harry Holland, who represented Grey from the by-election on 29 May 1918 until 16 December 1919 when the electorate was abolished.

Members of Parliament

The various electorates were represented by four members of parliament. From 1881 to 1890, Greymouth was a single-member electorate, renamed as Grey from 1890 to 1919.[5]

Key

 Independent    Liberal  
 Social Democrat    Labour  

Election results

1918 by-election

1918 Grey by-election [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Holland 2,865 50.90
Reform Thomas Coates 2,717 48.27
Informal votes 46 0.81
Majority 148 2.62
Turnout 5,628

1913 by-election, first ballot

1913 Grey by-election: First ballot
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform Henry Michel 2,189 34.64
Social Democrat Paddy Webb 2,091 33.09
Liberal Michael Hannan 2,039 32.27
Turnout 6,319

1913 by-election, second ballot

1913 Grey by-election: Second ballot
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Democrat Paddy Webb 3,477 55.30
Reform Henry Michel 2,811 44.70
Majority 666 10.60
Turnout 6,288
Social Democrat gain from Liberal Swing

1899 election

1899 general election: Grey [7] [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Guinness 2,660 58.67
Conservative Michael Hannan 1,874 41.33
Majority 786 17.34
Turnout 4,534 79.22
Registered electors 5,723

1893 election

1893 general election: Grey [9] [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Guinness 2,434 70.55 +20.12
Independent Richard Nancarrow 711 20.61
Liberal R. F. Bell 305 8.84
Majority 1,723 49.94 +48.63
Turnout 3,450 74.47 +6.90
Registered electors 4,633

1890 election

1890 general election: Grey [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Guinness 1,109 50.43
Liberal–Labour William Hugh Jones 1,090 49.57
Majority 29 1.31
Turnout 2,199 67.57
Registered electors 3,254

1884 election

1884 general election: Greymouth [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Arthur Guinness 848 58.16
Independent Joseph Petrie 610 41.84
Majority 238 16.32
Turnout 1,458 84.47
Registered electors 1,726

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