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Grey (New Zealand electorate)
Grey, originally formed as Greymouth, is a former parliamentary electorate in the West Coast region of New Zealand. The electorate of Greymouth was created for the 1881 general election, and lasted until 1890. In 1890 the Grey electorate was created, and was abolished in 1919.
Greymouth was represented from the 1881 general election by Joseph Petrie. He was defeated in the 1884 general election by Arthur Guinness, who represented the electorate (renamed in 1890 as Grey) until his death in 1913.
After the resulting 1913 by-election, the electorate was represented from 1916 to 1919 by two radical politicians from the West Coast coal mines representing the Labour Party or its predecessors. They were Paddy Webb, who was imprisoned in 1918, and Harry Holland, who represented Grey from the by-election on 29 May 1918 until 16 December 1919 when the electorate was abolished.
Members of Parliament
The various electorates were represented by four members of parliament. From 1881 to 1890, Greymouth was a single-member electorate, renamed as Grey from 1890 to 1919.
|1881 election||Joseph Petrie|
|1884 election||Arthur Guinness|
|1913 by-election||Paddy Webb|
|1918 by-election||Harry Holland|
|(Electorate abolished in 1919; see Buller)|
1913 by-election, first ballot
|Social Democrat||Paddy Webb||2,091||33.09|
1913 by-election, second ballot
|Social Democrat||Paddy Webb||3,477||55.30|
|Social Democrat gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Liberal||R. F. Bell||305||8.84|
|Liberal–Labour||William Hugh Jones||1,090||49.57|
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