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Hackney South (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Bethnal Green and Hackney Central|
Hackney South was a parliamentary constituency in "The Metropolis" (later the County of London). It was represented by nine Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, only two of whom, Horatio Bottomley and Herbert Morrison, were elected more than once.
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 when the two-member Parliamentary Borough of Hackney was split into three single-member divisions. The seat, officially the Southern Division of the Parliamentary Borough of Hackney was first contested at the 1885 general election. The constituency was abolished in 1955.
In 1885 the constituency was defined as consisting of:
- No. 7 or South Hackney Ward of Hackney Parish
- No. 6 or Homerton Ward of Hackney Parish
- The part of the No. 5 or Hackney Ward of Hackney Parish south of the centres of Everning Road, Upper Clapton Road, and the Upper and Lower Clapton Roads.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 redrew constituencies throughout Great Britain and Ireland. Seats in the County of London were redefined in terms of wards of the Metropolitan Boroughs that had been created in 1900. The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney was divided into three divisions, with the same names as the constituencies created in 1885. Hackney South was defined as consisting of:
- Homerton Ward
- South Hackney Ward
- The part of Clapton Park Ward to the south of a line drawn along the centres of Glenarm Road, Glyn Road and Redwald Road to its junction with Maclaren Street, thence across the recreation grounds in Daubeney Road to the borough boundary at a point fifty feet north of a boundary post situate at the junction of the Waterworks River with the River Lea at Lead Mill Point.
Under the Representation of the People Act 1948 the Boroughs of Hackney and Stoke Newington jointly formed two seats, the borough constituencies of Stoke Newington and Hackney North and Hackney South. Hackney South was enlarged: consisting of the Metropolitan Borough of Hackney except the five wards of Leaside, Maury, Southwold, Springfield and Stamford.
Following a review of constituencies by the Boundary Commission appointed under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, parliamentary seats in the metropolitan boroughs of Bethnal Green, Hackney and Stoke Newington were redrawn. The Hackney South constituency was abolished, with most passing to a new Hackney Central borough constituency, and some parts to Bethnal Green.
Members of Parliament
|1885||Sir Charles Russell||Liberal||later Baron Russell of Killowen|
|1894 by-election||John Fletcher Moulton||Liberal||later Baron Moulton|
|1895||Thomas Herbert Robertson||Conservative|
|1906||Horatio Bottomley||Liberal||resigned 16 May 1912 after being declared bankrupt|
|1912 by-election||Hector Morison||Liberal|
|1918||Horatio Bottomley||Independent||expelled 1 August 1922 after being convicted of fraud|
|1922 by-election||Clifford Erskine-Bolst||Conservative|
|1923||Herbert Morrison||Labour||later Baron Morrison of Lambeth|
|1924||George Garro-Jones||Liberal||later 1st Baron Trefgarne|
|1929||Herbert Morrison||Labour||later Baron Morrison of Lambeth|
|1935||Herbert Morrison||Labour||later Baron Morrison of Lambeth|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Russell was appointed Attorney General for England and Wales, requiring a by-election.
|Independent Liberal||Henry Munster||17||0.3||New|
Elections in the 1890s
Russell is appointed Attorney General for England and Wales, requiring a by-election.
Russell is appointed Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, becoming Lord Russell of Killowen, causing a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+9.2|
Elections in the 1900s
|Free Church and Progressive||William Riley||804||15.3||New|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+16.7|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative||Sydney Charles Nettleton King-Farlow||3,243||31.6||−5.5|
|Independent Liberal||Richard Roberts||1,946||19.0||New|
- Roberts was nominated by a breakaway local Liberal Association opposed to Bottomley, which was recognised by the London Liberal Federation.
|Conservative||John Constant Gibson||4,836||47.5||+15.9|
|Independent gain from Liberal|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920s
|Coalition Unionist||Clifford Erskine-Bolst||9,118||50.2||New|
|Unionist gain from Independent||Swing||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Independent||Swing||N/A|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+18.1|
|Liberal gain from Labour||Swing||+9.8|
|Unionist||Sir Tresham Lever, 2nd Baronet||8,222||27.0||New|
|Liberal||Muriel Morgan Gibbon||6,302||20.7||−32.8|
|Communist||J. T. Murphy||331||1.1||New|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||+18.8|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940s
|Liberal National||Stanley Price||4,901||24.2||−16.5|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Herbert P. Brooks||15,105||25.7||+1.5|
|Liberal||Frank Albert Marlow||5,575||9.5||New|
|Communist||John Richard Betteridge||1,891||3.8||−20.4|
|Communist||John Richard Betteridge||1,744||3.0||−0.8|
- Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, C. 23., Sixth Schedule, Divisions of boroughs. Number, names, contents, and boundaries of divisions.
- Representation of the People Act 1918 c.64, Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats
- Representation Of The People Act 1948, c.65, First Schedule: Parliamentary Constituencies
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (Bethnal Green, Hackney and Stoke Newington) Order 1955 (S.I. 1955/20)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, F. W. S. Craig
- "The General Election. The Polls". The Times. 26 November 1885. p. 7.
- "Election Intelligence (Hackney South)". The Times. 12 February 1886. p. 6.
- "The General Election. The Polls". The Times. 6 July 1886. p. 6.
- "The General Election. The Polls". The Times. 7 July 1892. p. 6.
- "Election Intelligence (Hackney South)". The Times. 8 May 1894. p. 5.
- "The General Election, More Unionist Gains, The Polls". The Times. 17 July 1895. p. 6.
- "Progress Of The General Election". The Times. 20 January 1910. p. 6.
- "Progress Of The General Election". The Times. 7 December 1910. p. 7.
- "South Hackney Election". The Times. 25 May 1912. p. 9.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F. W. S. Craig.
- "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs, Heavy Voting". The Times. 16 November 1922. p. 6.
- "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs, Liberal Gains". The Times. 7 December 1923. p. 6.
- "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs". The Times. 30 October 1924. p. 6.
- "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs". The Times. 31 May 1929. p. 6.
- "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs". The Times. 28 October 1931. p. 6.
- "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs". The Times. 15 November 1935. p. 8.
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- "UK general election results 1945". Political Science Resources. University of Keele. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, F. W. S. Craig.
- "UK general election results 1950". Political Science Resources. University of Keele. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- "UK general election results 1951". Political Science Resources. University of Keele. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
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