Hamilcar (Punic: 𐤇𐤌𐤋𐤊‬, ḤMLK,[1][2] or 𐤇𐤌𐤋𐤒𐤓𐤕, ḤMLQRT,[citation needed] "Melqart is Gracious";[2] Greek: Ἁμίλκας, Hamílkas;[2] Hebrew: אחי-מלקרת‎)[citation needed] was a common Carthaginian masculine given name. The name was particularly common among the ruling families of ancient Carthage.

People named Hamilcar include:

In various forms, the name sometimes appears in other cultures. The Italian name Amilcare was one of the given names of the dictator Benito Mussolini and the composer Amilcare Ponchielli. The Portuguese name Amílcar was one of the given names of the prominent African revolutionary Amílcar Cabral.

See also



  1. ^ Huss (1985), p. 565.
  2. ^ a b c Geus (1994), s.v. "Hamilcar".
  3. ^ Polyen., Strat., Book V, Ch. 11.
  4. ^ Diod., Book XXIV, Ch. 12.


  • Benz, F.L. (1972), Personal Names in the Phoenician and Punic Inscriptions, Rome: Biblical Institute Press.
  • Geus, Klaus (1994), Prosopographie der Literarisch Bezeugten Karthager, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, Vol. 59, Studia Phoenica, No. 13, Leuven: Peeters, ISBN 9789068316438. (in German)
  • Huss, Werner (1985), Geschichte der Karthager, Munich: C.H. Beck, ISBN 9783406306549. (in German)
  • Warmington, B.H. (1964), Carthage, Harmondsworth: Penguin.

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