Hatfield, South Yorkshire

Hatfield
Ingram Arms - geograph.org.uk - 1709123.jpg
The Ingram Arms & St Lawrence’s Church
Hatfield is located in the Borough of Doncaster
Hatfield
Hatfield
Shown within the Borough of Doncaster
Show map of the Borough of Doncaster
Hatfield is located in South Yorkshire
Hatfield
Hatfield
Location within South Yorkshire
Show map of South Yorkshire
Population 17,236 (2011 census)[1]
Civil parish
  • Hatfield
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DONCASTER
Postcode district DN7
Dialling code 01302
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°35′N 1°00′W / 53.58°N 1.00°W / 53.58; -1.00Coordinates: 53°35′N 1°00′W / 53.58°N 1.00°W / 53.58; -1.00

Hatfield is a town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster in South Yorkshire, England. It had a population of 17,236 at the 2011 Census.[1] The town is located to the west of the M18 motorway and has a railway station on the line between Goole/Scunthorpe and Doncaster. Recorded history in the parish extends as far back as 730, when Bede wrote about the Northumbrian King, Edwin, being killed in battle in the area.

Geography

It is located within the historic boundaries of the West Riding of Yorkshire on the border of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, and is bisected by the M18 motorway. Junctions 4 and 5 of the M18, and Junction 1 of the M180 motorway are all within the parish.[2][3] Hatfield forms part of the parliamentary constituency of Don Valley.[4]

History

Section from Shepherd's map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria

Hatfield (also called Heathfield historically) near Doncaster is an ancient settlement and a Palace of the Northumbrian Kingdom called Meicen, (may also be referred to as Meigen).[5]

On 12 October 633 AD, King Edwin was killed in Battle of Hatfield Chase by Penda, King of Mercia. Penda was assisted in the battle by the Welsh under the leadership of Cadwallon ap Cadfan, Welsh (British) King of Gwynedd. Osric, a possible successor to Edwin, was also killed in the battle. Edwin's son Edfrith also surrendered to Penda.[6]

It is thought that this battle gave rise to the name of Slay Pit Lane in Hatfield,[7] where it is rumoured that the battle took place and the bodies of soldiers lay close by.[8]

Hatfield is mentioned in the Domesday Book as having a church, a priest and various ploughlands and plough men. The area was in the possession of William de Warenne.[9] The name Hatfield stems from Old English (with a Scandinavian influence) of Hæþfeld; the field or open land where heather and other shrubs grew.[10] The name is first recorded by Bede as Heathfelth in 730.[11]

Hatfield Manor House is a grade I listed building dating back to the 12th century. The site of the house was regraded as the site of the palace of Edwin, King of Northumbria. Notable visitors to the house over the years have included Edward Balliol, Elizabeth, Countess of Ulster, John of Gaunt and Geoffrey Chaucer.[12][13] The Anglican Church of St Lawrence, was built around the same time as the Manor House.[14]

In 1629, Charles I sold almost 180,000 acres (73,000 ha) of Hatfield Chase to a Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden. Vermuyden sold tracts of the land to other nitrated parties and spent £400,000 daring the chase and reclaiming the land. Of the land, one third was awarded to Vermuyden, one third went too the crown and the remaining third was given to the local population as common land.[15]

The parish of Hatfield was originally in the wapentake of Lower Strafforth and in the county of the West Riding of Yorkshire.[16] It was moved in the county boundary changes of 1974, into South Yorkshire.[17] The population of the parish at the 2001 Census was 16,164,[18] which had risen to 17,236 at the 2011 Census.[1]

There is an outdoor water activity centre to the north-east of the town, and two prisons, Hatfield Main and Hatfield Lakes, just across the M18 to the east.[19][20] The larger prison of HMP Lindholme is to the south-east of the town built on the former site of RAF Lindholme.[21][22]

Constituent settlements

Hatfield parish contains the following villages:

Dunscroft

Broadway, Dunscroft

Dunscroft lies on the A18 road, about 6 miles (9.7 km) from the centre of Doncaster.[23] There is Sheep Dip Lane primary school.[24] The church is dedicated to St Edwin, however, it is intended to amalgamate the ecclesiastical parishes of Dunscroft and Hatfield and close St Edwin's Church.[25]

Dunsville

Dunsville lies on the A18 road, about 5 miles (8 km) from the centre of Doncaster.[26]

Hatfield

Hatfield lies on the A18 road, about 7 miles (11 km) from the centre of Doncaster. It is served by the Hatfield and Stainforth railway station in Stainforth and Thorne.[27] Hatfield has numerous public houses, including The Bay Horse, The Hatfield Chase, Hatfields, The Blue Bell, The Ingram Arms and The Green Tree. The original building known as the Abbey or Dunscroft Grange was demolished in 1966–7. For the final twenty years, this building was owned by Mr Harry Lewis. The old Abbey was possibly a dormitory to Roche Abbey at Maltby. Unfortunately, it had to be demolished because the 12th-century masonry and stonework were unstable. The main school for the area is Ash Hill Academy. There is the Travis St. Lawrence Church of England Primary School,[28] and Hatfield Crookesbroom primary school.[29]

Hatfield Woodhouse

Hatfield Woodhouse (House in the Hatfield Wood),[30] is a small, semi-rural village which lies on the A614 road, about 7 miles (11 km) from the centre of Doncaster.[31]

Hatfield Woodhouse also gave rise to RAF Hatfield Woodhouse two miles south of the village. The airfield was later named RAF Lindholme.[32]

Recently an application has been proposed to allow the demolition of the pub and several flats to be built in its place. This application has recently been denied due to rallies by locals to have the plans rejected. There is the Hatfield Woodhouse primary school, which was rated as being Good by Ofsted in 2019.[33]

West End

West End is a small village to the south-west of Hatfield Woodhouse.

Transport

Doncaster Moto Services on the M18

The A18 road runs through the eastern part of Hatfield town, with the M18 and M180 motorways in the east of the parish. A proposal exists to develop land adjacent to the west side of Junction 5 on the M18, to a mixed development of housing and warehousing space known as Unity Park. The development, which is projected to involve housing, a marina and a new school,[34] has led to the creation of a new link road from Junction 5 to Waggons Way in Stainforth.[35] Junction 5 also has a motorway service area (MSA) known as Doncaster North, run by Moto.[36]

A railway from Doncaster to Thorne first arrived in July 1856 with the station being labelled simply as Stainforth. It was replaced by a newer station called Hatfield and Stainforth in October 1866.[37][38]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Hatfield Parish (E04000080)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  2. ^ "279" (Map). Doncaster. 1:25,000. Explorer. Ordnance Survey. 2015. ISBN 978-0-319-24476-0.
  3. ^ "Hatfield - High Street conservation area - Doncaster Council". www.doncaster.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  4. ^ Torr, George (15 November 2019). "General Election 2019: Full list of candidates and Doncaster constituencies explained". Doncaster Free Press. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  5. ^ Koch, John T; Minard, Anyone, eds. (2012). "Cadwallon ap Cadfan". The Celts; history life and culture, Volume 1. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-59884-964-6.
  6. ^ "Hatfield, West Riding". visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Slay Pits :: Survey of English Place-Names". epns.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  8. ^ Smith, A H (1961). Lower & Upper Strafforth and Staincross Wapentakes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 11. OCLC 258654754.
  9. ^ "Hatfield | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  10. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 224. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
  11. ^ "Hatfield :: Survey of English Place-Names". epns.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Hatfield Manor House (Grade I) (1151589)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  13. ^ Turner, Marion (2019). Chaucer : a European life. Woodstock: Princeton University Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-69-121015-5.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Lawrence (Grade I) (1192628)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Records of the Hatfield Chase Corporation, 1626-1973 - Archives Hub". archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Genuki: Hatfield, Yorkshire (West Riding)". www.genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  17. ^ Chrystal, Paul (2017). The Place Names of Yorkshire; Cities, Towns, Villages, Rivers and Dales, some Pubs too, in Praise of Yorkshire Ales (1 ed.). Catrine: Stenlake. p. 100. ISBN 9781840337532.
  18. ^ UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Hatfield Parish (00CE024)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  19. ^ Kessen, David (20 July 2020). "'Total Wipeout' style waterpark arrives in Doncaster". Doncaster Free Press. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  20. ^ "Hatfield Prison". GOV.UK. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  21. ^ "Lindholme (Hatfield Woodhouse) - Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust UK". www.abct.org.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  22. ^ Otter, Patrick (1998). Yorkshire airfields in the Second World War. Newbury: Countryside Books. p. 179. ISBN 1-85306-542-0.
  23. ^ "Hatfield Town Council - Parish History". www.hatfieldtowncouncil-southyorkshire.com. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Hatfield Sheep Dip Lane Primary School CLOSED URN: 106717". reports.ofsted.gov.uk. 6 April 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  25. ^ "St Edwin". www.achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  26. ^ "Dunsville, Doncaster - area information, map, walks and more". getoutside.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  27. ^ "Hatfield & Stainforth Station Train Tickets, Departures and Timetables | Northern". www.northernrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  28. ^ "Travis St Lawrence CofE Primary School URN: 106766". reports.ofsted.gov.uk. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  29. ^ "Crookesbroom Primary Academy URN: 138008". reports.ofsted.gov.uk. 12 January 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  30. ^ "Hatfield Woodhouse :: Survey of English Place-Names". epns.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  31. ^ "Hatfield Woodhouse, Doncaster - area information, map, walks and more". getoutside.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  32. ^ Delve, Ken (2006). Northern England : Co. Durham, Cumbria, Isle of Man, Lancashire, Merseyside, Manchester, Northumberland, Tyne & Wear, Yorkshire. Ramsbury: Crowood. p. 172. ISBN 1-86126-809-2.
  33. ^ "Hatfield Woodhouse Primary School URN: 138007". reports.ofsted.gov.uk. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  34. ^ Casci, Mark (4 May 2020). "New South Yorkshire development set to create 7,000 jobs and generate £900m". The Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  35. ^ "Unity Way - Doncaster Council". www.doncaster.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  36. ^ "£21m paid for Doncaster service station". Insider Media Ltd. 27 October 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  37. ^ Quick, Michael (2020). Railway Passenger Stations in Great Britain; a Chronology (PDF) (5 ed.). Market Drayton: The railway and Canal Historical Society. p. 400. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  38. ^ Joy, David (1984). South and West Yorkshire : (the industrial West Riding) (2 ed.). Newton Abbot: David St John Thomas. p. 219. ISBN 0946537119.
  39. ^ "Genuki: HATFIELD, Yorkshire (West Riding)". www.genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  40. ^ "Hatfield Chase Corporation, 1538-1973 - The University of Nottingham". www.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2021.

External links

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