Hatteras, North Carolina

Hatteras, North Carolina
Location in Dare County and the state of North Carolina
Location in Dare County and the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°13′10″N 75°41′25″W / 35.21944°N 75.69028°W / 35.21944; -75.69028Coordinates: 35°13′10″N 75°41′25″W / 35.21944°N 75.69028°W / 35.21944; -75.69028
Country United States of America
State North Carolina
County Dare
Named for Hatteras Indians
Area
 • Total 1.68 sq mi (4.36 km2)
 • Land 1.58 sq mi (4.08 km2)
 • Water 0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)
Elevation
3 ft (0.9 m)
Population
 ( 2010)
 • Total 504
 • Density 320/sq mi (123.6/km2)
ZIP code
27943

Hatteras is an unincorporated village and census-designated place (CDP) in Dare County, North Carolina, United States, on the Outer Banks island of Hatteras, at its extreme southwestern tip. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 504.[1] Immediately to the west of the village of Hatteras is Hatteras Inlet which separates Hatteras Island from the neighboring Ocracoke Island. North Carolina Highway 12 passes through the community linking it to Frisco to the east and Ocracoke to the west (via a ferry across Hatteras Inlet).

The residents of Hatteras are governed by the Dare County Board of Commissioners. Hatteras is part of District 4, along with Avon, Buxton, Frisco, Rodanthe, Waves and Salvo.

Attractions and recreation

Hatteras is best known as a fishing and vacation destination.

Watersports are plentiful on both the ocean-side and the sound-side of the village. Proximity to the convergence of the Labrador Current and the Gulf Stream result in the largest surf available on the East Coast. On the protected Pamlico Sound side of the island watersports such as windsurfing, kayaking, kiteboarding, and swimming are all readily available and accessible.

Fishing is a major source of recreation as well as revenue in Hatteras.

Pamlico Sound, which separates Hatteras and Ocracoke Islands, is one of the largest estuarine systems in the world and offers a variety of fishing opportunities.[2]

Climate

Hatteras has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Hatteras experiences hot summers, somewhat moderated by the Atlantic Ocean, and some of the mildest winters in the entire state, with no month having an average low temperature below 40 °F (4.4 °C). Because of its location many miles off the coast of Mainland USA right in the direct path of the gulf stream, Hatteras experiences year round low temperatures similar to the northern gulf of Florida or Southern coastal Georgia despite being much farther North.[3]

History

Hatteras was named after the Hatteras Indians.[5]

Hatteras Village was cut off from the rest of the island on September 18, 2003,[6] when Hurricane Isabel washed a 3,000-foot-wide (910 m) and 30-foot-deep (9.1 m) channel called Isabel Inlet at the north end of Hatteras village. The tear was subsequently repaired and restored by sand dredged by the Army Corps of Engineers.[7]

The Ellsworth and Lovie Ballance House and Hatteras Weather Bureau Station are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[8]

Transportation

Hatteras is served by Billy Mitchell Airport.

Education

Residents are zoned to Dare County Schools. Zoned schools are Cape Hatteras Elementary School and Cape Hatteras Secondary School.[9] The schools are located on NC 12 in Buxton.[10]

Dare County Library has a branch in Hatteras.[11]

Gallery

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