Help:IPA/Italian

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet represents pronunciations of Standard Italian in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-it}}, {{IPAc-it}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Italian phonology and Italian orthography for a more thorough look at the sounds of Italian.

Consonants[1]
IPA Examples English approximation
b banca, cibo about
d dove, idra today
dz zaino, azalea, mezzo[2][3] dads
gelo, giù, magia, judo, gadget job
f fatto, cifra, phon fast
ɡ gatto, agro, ghetto, glicosio[4] again
j ieri, saio, più, Jesi, yacht, news yes
k cosa, acuto, finché, quei, kiwi, koala scar
l lato, tela, glicosio[4] ladder
ʎ figli, glielo, maglia[3] billion
m mano, amare, input[5] mother
ɱ anfibio, invece[5] comfort
n nano, punto, pensare, mangiare[5] nest
ŋ unghia, anche, dunque[5] sing
ɲ gnocco, ogni[3][5] canyon
p primo, ampio, apertura spin
r Roma, quattro, morte[6] trilled r
s sano, scusa, presentire, pasto[7] sorry
ʃ scena, scià, pesci, flash, chic[3] shoe
t tranne, mito, altro, thai star
ts zio, sozzo, marzo[2][3] cats
certo, ciao, farmacia, chip check
v vado, povero, watt vent
w uova, guado, qui, week-end wine
z sbirro, presentare, asma[7] amazon
Non-native consonants
h hobby, hertz[8] house
θ Thatcher, Pérez[9] thing
x jota, Bach, khamsin[10] loch (Scottish English)
ʒ Fuji, garage, casual vision
Vowels[11]
IPA Examples English approximation
a alto, sarà, must fast (Scottish English)
e vero, perché, liaison fade
ɛ etto, cioè, spread bed
i viso, sì, zia, feed, team, sexy ski
o ombra, otto, show, coach story
ɔ otto, sarò, Sean off
u usi, ragù, tuo, tour rule
Non-native vowels
ø viveur, goethiano, Churchill[12] murder (RP)
y parure, brûlé, Führer[13] future (Scottish English)
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈ Cennini [tʃenˈniːni] primary stress
ˌ altamente [ˌaltaˈmente] secondary stress[14]
. continuo [konˈtiːnu.o] syllable break
ː primo [ˈpriːmo] long vowel[15]

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