Help:IPA/Korean

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Korean language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. It is based on the standard dialect of South Korea and may not represent some of the sounds in the North Korean dialect or in other dialects. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ko}}, {{IPAc-ko}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Korean phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Korean.

Korean consonants
IPA Hangul RR English approximation
b[1] ㅂ b ball
d[1] ㄷ d doll
dz[2] ㅈ j beds
dʑ[1] ㅈ j roughly like gee
ɡ[1] ㄱ g gall
h ㅎ h hall
ɦ[1] ㅎ h behind
j [ㅛ, ㅠ,ㅑ,ㅕ,
ㅖ, ㅒ][3]
y you
k ㄱ [ㅋ][4] g, k lock
k͈ ㄲ kk skin
kʰ ㅋ [ㅎㄱ] k cup
l ㄹ [ㄴ][5] l alike
m ㅁ [ㅂ][6] m mall
n ㄴ
[ㄹ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ][7]
n not
ŋ ㅇ [ㄱ][8] ng king
p ㅂ [ㅍ][9] b, p clip
p͈ ㅃ pp spit
pʰ ㅍ [ㅎㅂ] p paint
ɾ ㄹ r Scottish great or American ladder
s ㅅ s like see, but aspirated (with more breath)
s͈ ㅆ ss saw
ɕ[10] ㅅ s roughly like she
ɕ͈[10] ㅆ ss see
t ㄷ
[ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ][11]
d, t let
t͈ ㄸ tt stall
tʰ ㅌ [ㅎㄷ] t tall
ts[2] ㅈ j cats
ts͈[2] ㅉ jj
tsʰ[2] ㅊ [ㅎㅈ] ch let's have
tɕ ㅈ j roughly like patch
tɕ͈ ㅉ jj roughly like pitcher
tɕʰ ㅊ [ㅎㅈ] ch roughly like cheek
w [ㅜ, ㅗ][12] w wall
z[1] ㅅ s like zee, but murmured (with more breath)
ʑ[13] ㅅ s roughly like illusion
Korean vowels and diphthongs [14]
IPA Hangul RR English approximation
a ㅏ a up
aː spa
e ㅔ e rate
eː raid
ɛ ㅐ ae bet
ɛː bed
i ㅣ i beat
iː bead
o ㅗ o sort
oː sword
ø ㅚ[12] oe wet
øː wed
u ㅜ u root
uː rude
ʌ ㅓ eo Conservative up
əː RP herd
ɯ ㅡ eu foot
ɯː good
ɰi ㅢ ui we
y ㅟ[12] wi somewhat like refute
yː somewhat like feud
Korean suprasegmentals
IPA Hangul RR Explanation
ː [15] geminated consonant
ˈ primary stress
ˌ secondary stress

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