Help:IPA/Portuguese

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Portuguese language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-pt}}, {{IPAc-pt}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Distinction is made between the two major standards of the language—Portugal (European Portuguese, EP; broadly the standard also used in Africa and Asia) and Brazil (Brazilian Portuguese, BP). Neither variant is preferred at Wikipedia, except in cases where a local pronunciation is clearly more relevant, such as a place in Brazil or an individual from Portugal.

National variant differences should be noted with discretion. When there are differing dialectal Brazilian Portuguese pronunciations, the one closest to European Portuguese should generally be preferred, as this guide is intended to help native speakers of other languages.

See Portuguese phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Portuguese.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
Portugal
EP
Brazil
BP
b b beiço, âmbar, sob about
β cabeça, sobre[1] EP: between baby and bevy
BP: about
ð d cedo, idade[1] EP: other
BP: today
d dedo, lenda today
digo, ande, balde[2] EP: today
BP: jig
f fado, café face
ɡ ɡ gato, signo, bingo, guerra again
ɣ fogo, figueira[1] EP: between ago and ahold
BP: again
k cor, dica, quente, kiwi scan
l l lua, alô lot
w mal[3] EP: toll
BP: tow
ʎ lhe, velho[4] million
m mês, somo might
n não, sono not
ɲ nhoque, sonho canyon
p pó, sopa, apto spouse
ʁ ʁ rio, carro, enrascado,[5][6] lingerie French rouge
ɾ r, porto, por favor[5][6][7] EP: atom (GA)
BP: French rouge
ɾ frio, caro, por acaso[6][7] atom (GA)
s s saco, isso, braço, máximo sack
ʃ escola, as portas, dez, texto[8] EP: sheep
BP: sack
ʃ chave, achar, xarope, baixo, sushi sheep
tchau, atchim chip
t tipo, ritmo, ponte[2] EP: stand
BP: chip
t tempo, átomo stand
v vela, livro vest
ʒ ʒ já, gente pleasure
z rasgo, os meus[8] EP: pleasure
BP: zebra
z casa, os amigos, doze, existir zebra
 
Semivowels[9]
IPA Examples English approximation
Portugal
EP
Brazil
BP
j saia, pais you, boy
w frequente, quão, mau, Cauã quick, glow
Stressed vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Portugal
EP
Brazil
BP
a a alzheimer, Jaime,[10] dá, lámen, àquele father
ɐ falámos, falamos,[11] andaime[10] EP: father
BP: purse (RP)
ɐ falamos, câmera, bug purse (RP)
e abelha, venho, jeito[12] EP: purse (RP)
BP: they
e meto, sê they
ɛ prémio, prêmio EP: set
BP: they
ɛ meta, sé, Émerson,[13] cafezinho set
i si, dia, país, suíço, rainha,[14] diesel see
ɔ ɔ formosa, formosos, avó, somente off
o Antônio, António EP: off
BP: row (GA)
o avô, formoso, alô row (GA)
u rua, lúcido, saúde boot
Unstressed vowels
ɐ ɐ taça, manhã[15] about
a maior, aquele, da EP: about
BP: grandma
a Camões, caveira grandma
ɛ e incrível, segmento[13] EP: access
BP: survey
ɨ semáforo EP: emission
BP: survey
i jure, pequeno,[16] se EP: emission
BP: happy
i júri, meandro, e, doe[17] happy
ɔ o hospital[13] EP: royale
BP: arrow (GA)
u sortudo EP: outlook
BP:  arrow (GA)
u evacuar, boneco,[16] vi-o, voo, frio[17], os outlook
 
Suprasegmentals
Stress and syllabification
IPA Examples Explanation
Portugal
EP
Brazil
BP
ˈ João [ʒuˈɐ̃w] (EP, BP) lexical stress
ˌ Vila-Chã [ˌvilɐˈʃɐ̃] (EP, BP) secondary stress
. Rio [ˈʁi.u] (EP, BP) syllable break
Diacritics
◌̃ Chã [ˈʃɐ̃] (EP, BP)[18] nasal vowel
◌̥ devoiced vowel
Other representations
( ) Douro [ˈdo(w)ɾu] (EP, BP) optional sound

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