Help:IPA/Russian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Russian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ru}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Russian distinguishes hard (unpalatalized or plain) and soft (palatalized) consonants. Soft consonants, most of which are denoted by a superscript j, ⟨ʲ⟩, are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like the articulation of the y sound in yes. /j, ɕː, tɕ/ are always soft, whereas /ʂ, ts, ʐ/ are always hard.

See Russian phonology and Russian alphabet for a more thorough look at the sounds of Russian.

Consonants
Hard Soft
IPA Examples English approximation IPA Examples English approximation
b About this soundбок; апде́йт[1] boot About this soundбе́лый beautiful
d About this soundдать; About this soundфутбо́л[1] do About this soundде́ло; About this soundходьба́; About this soundжени́тьба[1] dew (UK)
f About this soundфо́рма; About this soundвы́ставка;[1] About this soundбо́ров[2] fool About this soundфина́л; About this soundверфь; About this soundкровь[2] few
ɡ About this soundгод[3][4]; About this soundанекдо́т[1] goo ɡʲ About this soundгеро́й argue
N/A j About this soundесть [je-]; About this soundёж [jɵ-]; About this soundюг [ju-]; About this soundя [ja]; About this soundмайо́р[5] yes
k About this soundкость; About this soundбе́гство[1]; About this soundфлаг[2] scar About this soundкино́; секью́рити skew
l About this soundлуна́[6] pill About this soundлес; About this soundболь lean
m About this soundмы́ло moot About this soundмя́со; About this soundсемь mute
n About this soundнос noon About this soundнёс; About this soundдень; About this soundко́нчик[7] newt (for some dialects)
p About this soundпод; About this soundры́бка[1]; About this soundзуб[2] span About this soundпе́пел; About this soundцепь; About this soundзыбь[2] spew
r About this soundраз flapped or trilled r, like in Spanish About this soundряд; About this soundзверь flapped or trilled r, like in Spanish
s About this soundсоба́ка; About this soundска́зка[1]; About this soundглаз[2] soup About this soundси́ний; About this soundздесь; About this soundесть; About this soundгрызть[1] assume (for some dialects)
ʂ About this soundширо́кий; About this soundкни́жка[1]; About this soundмуж[2]; About this soundчто[8] rush ɕː About this soundщека́; About this soundсчита́ть; About this soundмужчи́на[9][10] wish sheep
t About this soundто; About this soundво́дка;[1] About this soundлёд[2] stand About this soundтень; About this soundдитя́; About this soundпуть; About this soundгрудь[2] stew (UK; for some dialects)
ts[11] About this soundцена́; About this soundнра́виться[10] cats [11] About this soundчай; About this soundтечь[10] chip
v About this soundвы; его́[4]; афга́н[1] voodoo About this soundвесь; About this soundвью́га view
x About this soundход; About this soundБог[3][10] loch (Scottish); ugh About this soundхи́трый; Хью́стон; About this soundлёгкий[1][3][10] huge (for some dialects)
z About this soundзуб; About this soundсбор[1] zoo About this soundзима́; резьба́; About this soundжизнь; About this soundпро́сьба[1] presume (for some dialects)
ʐ About this soundжест; волшба́[1] rouge ʑː About this soundпо́зже[12] prestige genre
Stressed vowels
[-soft] [+soft]
IPA Examples English approximation IPA Examples English approximation
a About this soundтрава́ father æ About this soundпять; About this soundча́сть[13] pat (US)
ɛ About this soundжест; About this soundэ́тот met e About this soundпень; About this soundэ́тика[13] mace
ɨ About this soundты; About this soundши́шка; с и́грами roses (for some dialects) i About this soundли́ния; About this soundи́ли meet
o About this soundо́блако; About this soundшёпот chore ɵ About this soundтётя; About this soundплечо́[13] foot
u About this soundпу́ля boot ʉ About this soundчуть; About this soundлю́ди[13] choose
Unstressed vowels
[-soft] [+soft]
IPA Examples English approximation IPA Examples English approximation
ɐ About this soundоблака́; About this soundкако́й; About this soundсообража́ть; About this soundтропа́[14] bud N/A
ə About this soundко́жа; About this soundо́блако; About this soundсе́рдце about ə About this soundво́ля; About this soundсего́дня; About this soundку́ча[15] lasagna
ɨ About this soundдыша́ть; About this soundжена́; About this soundво́ды; About this soundэта́п; к Ива́ну roses (for some dialects) ɪ About this soundлиса́; About this soundчеты́ре; About this soundтяжёлый; About this soundде́вять; About this soundчасы́[16] bit
ʊ About this soundмужчи́на put ʉ About this soundчуде́сный; About this soundлюби́ть[13] youth
ɛ тетра́эдр; поэте́сса[17] met N/A
o About this soundра́дио; поэте́сса[17] chore ɵ ма́чо; сёрфинги́ст[18] foot
Suprasegmental
IPA Example Explanation
ˈ About this soundчеты́ре [tɕɪˈtɨrʲɪ] Stress mark, placed before the stressed syllable
ː About this soundсза́ди [ˈzːadʲɪ][1] Consonant length mark, placed after the geminated consonant

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