Help:IPA/Spanish

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Spanish language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-es}}, {{IPAc-es}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

In general, Castilian Spanish is used in IPA transcriptions except for some words with /θ/ and /ʎ/:

  • For terms that are more relevant to regions that have undergone yeísmo (where words such as haya and halla are pronounced the same), words spelled with ⟨ll⟩ can be transcribed with [ʝ].
  • For terms that are more relevant to regions with seseo (where words such as caza and casa are pronounced the same), words spelled with ⟨z⟩ or ⟨c⟩ (the latter only before ⟨i⟩ or ⟨e⟩) can be transcribed with [s].

In all other cases, if a local pronunciation is made, it should be labeled as "local" (for example, {{IPA-es|...|local}}.

See Spanish phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Spanish, and Spanish dialects and varieties for regional variation.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b[1] bestia, embuste, vaca, envidia, fútbol about
β bebé, obtuso, vivir, curva about, but without the lips completely closed
d[1] dedo, cuando, aldaba today
ð diva, arder, admirar this
f fase face
ɡ[1] gato, lengua, guerra again
ɣ trigo, amargo, sigue, signo again, but without the tongue touching the roof of the mouth
ʝ[1][2] ayuno you
ɟʝ[1][2] cónyuge, abyecto job
k caña, quise, kilo scan
l lino lean
ʎ[1][2] llave, pollo million
m[3] madre, campo mother
ɱ[3] anfibio comfort
n[3] nido, sin, álbum need
ɲ[3] ñandú, cónyuge canyon
ŋ[3] cinco, venga sing
p pozo spouse
r[4] rumbo, carro, honra, subrayar trilled r
ɾ[4] caro, bravo, partir autumn (with flapping)
s[5][6] saco, espita, xenón sack
θ[5] cereal, encima, zorro thing
t tamiz stand
chubasco choose
v[7] afgano van
x[8] jamón, general, México,[9] hámster[10] Scottish loch
z[7] isla, mismo zoo
Marginal phonemes
IPA Examples English approximation
ʃ[11] show, Rocher, Freixenet shack
ts abertzale cats
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a azahar father
e vehemente very
i dimitir, mío, y see
o boscoso more
u cucurucho, dúo food
 
Semivowels[12]
IPA Examples English approximation
j aliada yet
w[13] cuadro, Huila wine
 
Stress and syllabification
IPA Examples English approximation
ˈ ciudad [θjuˈðað] domain
. o [ˈmi.o] Leo

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