Help:IPA/Swedish

The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Swedish pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-sv}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

The Sweden pronunciation is based primarily on Central Standard Swedish, and the Finland one on Helsinki pronunciation. Recordings and example transcriptions in this help are in Sweden Swedish, unless otherwise noted.

See Swedish phonology and Swedish alphabet § Sound–spelling correspondences for a more thorough look at the sounds of Swedish.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
Sweden

SWE

Swedish-speaking Finns

FIN

b About this soundbok book
ɕ About this soundkjol, About this soundtjock, About this soundkön sheep (SWE) or cheat (FIN)
d About this sounddop dad
ɖ rd About this soundnord[1] retroflex /d/
f About this soundfot foot
ɡ About this soundgod good
h About this soundhot hat
ɧ ʃ About this soundsju, About this soundstjärna, About this soundskör, About this soundstation, About this soundpension, About this soundgeni, About this soundchoklad[2] somewhat like Scottish loch or sheep (varies regionally)
j About this soundjord, About this soundgenom, About this soundGöteborg yoyo
k About this soundkon cone
l About this soundlov lack
ɭ rl About this soundrl[1] retroflex /l/
m About this soundmod mode
n About this soundnod node
ɳ rn About this soundbarn[1] retroflex /n/
ŋ About this soundng long
p About this soundpol pole
r About this soundrov[3] somewhat like American water or Scottish rose
s About this soundsot soot
ʂ rs About this soundtorsdag[1] retroflex /ʃ/, somewhat like shrine
t About this soundtok tool
ʈ rt About this soundparti[1] retroflex /t/
v About this soundvåt vote
Rare sounds
IPA Examples English approximation
w Wales Wales
Zlatan, Bratislava aha
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Sweden

SWE

Swedish-speaking Finns

FIN

a ɑ About this soundmatt cut
ɑː About this soundmat bra
æ About this soundvärk, About this soundverk[4] trap
æː About this soundära[4] ham
About this soundfet mayor
ɛ e About this soundhäll, About this soundfett sell
ɛː About this soundhäl RP pair
ɪ i About this soundsill hit
About this soundsil leave
ɔ o About this soundmoll[5] off
About this soundmål[5] floor
œ ø About this soundnött[5] somewhat like hurt
œ About this soundbörja[4][5]
œː About this soundöra[4][5] somewhat like herd
øː About this soundnöt[5]
ɵ ʉ About this soundfull, About this soundmusik[5][6] moot
ʉ duell,
känguru[5][6][7]
ʉː About this soundful[5][8] mood
ʊ u About this soundbott[5] pull
About this soundbot[5] fool
ʏ y About this soundsyll[5][7] somewhat like cute
About this soundsyl[5][8] somewhat like cube
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples Explanation
Sweden

SWE

Swedish-speaking Finns

FIN

ˈ◌̌ ˈ◌ anden
[ˈǎnːdɛn]
'the duck'
tone 1 / acute accent:[9]
ˈ◌̂ anden
[ˈânːdɛn]
'the spirit'
tone 2 / grave accent:[9]
  • falling-falling tone in Stockholm: About this sound[ˈânːdɛ̂n]
  • falling-rising tone in Gothenburg: [ˈânːdɛ̌n]
  • rising-falling tone in Malmö: [ˈǎnːdɛ̂n]
ˌ Oxenstierna
[ˈʊ̂ksɛnˌɧæːɳa]
secondary stress, as in intonation
ː Helsingfors
About this sound[hɛlsɪŋˈfɔʂː]
geminated consonant: fresh shrimp[10]

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