Henry II, Duke of Lorraine

Henry II "the Good"
Duke of Lorraine
Henri II Lorraine.jpg
Born 8 November 1563
Ducal Palace of Nancy, Lorraine
Died 31 July 1624(1624-07-31) (aged 60)
Ducal Palace of Nancy, Lorraine
Spouse Catherine de Bourbon
Margherita Gonzaga
Issue Nicole, Duchess of Lorraine
Claude, Duchess of Lorraine
Full name
Henri
House Lorraine
Father Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
Mother Claude of France
Religion Roman Catholicism

Henry II (French: Henri II; 8 November 1563 – 31 July 1624), known as "the Good (le Bon)", was Duke of Lorraine from 1608 until his death. Leaving no sons, both of his daughters became Duchesses of Lorraine by marriage. He was a brother-in-law of Henry IV of France.

History and Family

He was the son of Charles III, Duke of Lorraine,[1] and Claude of Valois,[2] daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.[3] His paternal grandparents were Francis I, Duke of Lorraine, and Christina of Denmark.[4]

He married, firstly, Catherine de Bourbon, Duchess of Albret, daughter Antoine of Navarre and Jeanne d'Albret, sister of King Henry IV of France.[5] The couple were married at the Château de Saint Germain-en-Laye outside Paris on 31 January 1599.[5] The bride was already 39 years of age and the union was merely to secure relations with the House of Bourbon which had previously been rivals with the House of Lorraine. As Catherine was a Protestant and Henry was a Catholic, a papal dispensation was needed for the two to marry.[6] Pope Clement VIII refused to grant a dispensation,[6] but Catherine's brother, Henry, convinced their illegitimate half-brother, Charles, Archbishop of Rouen, to officiate at the wedding.[5]

Catherine died childless in 1604, aged 45. With no issue from that union, Duke Henri married, secondly, Margherita Gonzaga on 24 April 1606 in Mantua.[7] She was the eldest daughter of Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and his wife Eleonora de' Medici.[7] Margherita's sister Eleonor Gonzaga was a future Holy Roman Empress.

Henri was succeeded by his younger brother as Francis II, Duke of Lorraine.

Issue

Henry and Margherita had:

Ancestry

Titles and styles

  • 8 November 1563 – 14 May 1608 The Hereditary Prince of Lorraine
  • 14 May 1608 – 31 July 1624 His Highness The Duke of Lorraine

See also

References

  1. ^ Bogdan 2007, p. 286.
  2. ^ Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. table 34.
  3. ^ Knecht 1999, p. 34.
  4. ^ Bogdan 2007, p. 119-120.
  5. ^ a b c Pitts 2009, p. 223-224.
  6. ^ a b Duke 2009, p. 239.
  7. ^ a b c d Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. 88.

Sources

  • Bogdan, Henry (2007). La Lorraine des ducs (in French). Perrin.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Duke, A. C. (2009). Pollmann, Judith; Spicer, Andrew (eds.). Dissident Identities in the Early Modern Low Countries. Ashgate.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Knecht, R.J. (1999). Catherine de' Medici (2nd ed.). Longman.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Pitts, Vincent J. (2009). Henri IV of France: His Reign and Age. The Johns Hopkins University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ward, Adolphus William; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Volume 13. The Macmillan Co.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links

Preceded by
Charles III
Duke of Lorraine and Bar
and Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson

1608–1624
Succeeded by
Nicole and Francis II
Preceded by
Marie
Marquis of Nomeny
1610–1624

Copyright