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Heredia, Costa Rica
Images, from top down, left to right: Church of the Immaculate Conception of Heredia, Central Park, the Fort and Amphitheatre of Heredia, Heredia skyline during the night.
Ciudad de las Flores (Spanish)
"City of Flowers"
Libertad, Paz, y Progreso (Spanish)
"Liberty, Peace and Progress"
Heredia and surrounding area
|• Syndic||Eduardo Murillo Quirós|
|• Total||2.95 km2 (1.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,150 m (3,770 ft)|
|• Density||6,300/km2 (16,000/sq mi)|
Heredia (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈɾeðja]) is a district in the Heredia canton of Heredia province, Costa Rica, as the seat of the municipality of Heredia canton, it is awarded the status of city, and in virtue of being the city of the first canton, it is the Province Capital of Heredia province as well.  It is 10 kilometers to the north of the country's capital, San José.
The city is home to one of the largest colleges in Costa Rica, the National University of Costa Rica, which accepts many international students.
Prior to its founding, the area around Heredia was inhabited by the native tribe that is known as the Huetares, who were commanded at the coming of the Spanish by the Cacique Garavito. In 1706 settlers from Cartago, set up a small church at a place they called "Alvirilla", which soon became more populated. Between 1716 and 1717 the settlers moved their village to the north, to a place the Indians called Cubujuquí. In 1736 Heredia was deemed sufficiently large to be granted its own parish, and the first incarnation of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada was built to serve as its parish church. In 1751, the Bishop of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Monseñor Pedro Agustín Morel de Santa Cruz supervised the founding of the first school in Heredia, which was run by the church. This school is now known as the Liceo de Heredia. In 1763 the town was promoted to the status of Villa; it was later renamed Heredia in honor of the President of the Real Audiencia of Guatemala who had conferred the status, don Alonso Fernández de Heredia. (See also: Heredia (etymology)) During the 18th century the area around Heredia was developed, with the founding Barva and other towns. On 31 October 1796, Padre Felix de Alvarado laid the foundation stone for the rebuilding of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada. The Municipality of Heredia was founded on 19 May 1812, and in 1824, Heredia was promoted to city by Juan Rafael Mora, the first President of the Republic. The 1848 constitution made Heredia the capital of Heredia Province, promoted it to cantón, and assigned it seven parishes.
The district is covered by the following road routes:
- National Route 3
- National Route 5
- National Route 112
- National Route 113
- National Route 126
- National Route 171
- Óscar Arias - President of Costa Rica from 1986 to 1990 and from 2006 to 2010, and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987.
- Alfredo González Flores - President of Costa Rica from 1914 to 1917. His home, the House of Culture-Alfredo Gonzales Flores, was declared a National Monument in November 1974.
- Fernando Baudrit Solera - former Dean of the College of Law at the University of Costa Rica and public jurist.
- Paulo Wanchope - Former Costa Rica national football team player and manager.
Warm year-round, the temperatures are tempered by the amount of cloud cover that affects the area. The rains are spread throughout the year, but the rainiest period is May to October. The climate is relatively mild throughout the year.
- "Declara oficial para efectos administrativos, la aprobación de la División Territorial Administrativa de la República N°41548-MGP". Sistema Costarricense de Información Jurídica (in Spanish). 19 March 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- División Territorial Administrativa de la República de Costa Rica (PDF) (in Spanish). Editorial Digital de la Imprenta Nacional. 8 March 2017. ISBN 978-9977-58-477-5.
- Municipal Website
- "Área en kilómetros cuadrados, según provincia, cantón y distrito administrativo". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos" (in Spanish).
- "Sistema de Consulta de a Bases de Datos Estadísticas". Centro Centroamericano de Población (in Spanish).
- "Censo. 2011. Población total por zona y sexo, según provincia, cantón y distrito". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- "Online Directory: Georgia, USA". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 24 April 2008.
- "City of Richfield, MN website". Archived from the original on 19 September 2010.
- Hodorov, Irit (26 September 2008). "Gemini Sign". Yediot Petah Tikva. Yedioth Ahronoth.
- "עיר תאומה לאריאל - בקוסטה ריקה - ארכיון כתבות - לוקאל - הפורטל המקומי הגדול בישראל". www.local.co.il. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- Lic. Carlos Melendez Ch. The book "Añoranzas de Heredia"
- "Instituto Metereológico Nacional" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2007.
Media related to Heredia at Wikimedia Commons
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