Hiroshima Prefecture

Hiroshima Prefecture

広島県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 広島県
 • Rōmaji Hiroshima-ken
Flag of Hiroshima Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Hiroshima Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Hiroshima Prefecture
Country  Japan
Region Chūgoku (San'yō)
Island Honshu
Capital Hiroshima
Subdivisions Districts: 5, Municipalities: 23
Government
 • Governor Hidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area
 • Total 8,479.63 km2 (3,274.00 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total 2,811,410
 • Rank 12th
 • Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-34
Website pref.hiroshima.lg.jp
Symbols
Bird Red-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県, Hiroshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu.[1] Hiroshima Prefecture has a population of 2,811,410 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 8,479 km² (3,274 sq mi). Hiroshima Prefecture borders Okayama Prefecture to the east, Tottori Prefecture to the northeast, Shimane Prefecture to the north, and Yamaguchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Hiroshima is the capital and largest city of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region, with other major cities including Fukuyama, Kure, and Higashihiroshima.[2] Hiroshima Prefecture is located on the Seto Inland Sea across from the island of Shikoku, and is bounded to the north by the Chūgoku Mountains. Hiroshima Prefecture is one of the three prefectures of Japan with more than one UNESCO World Heritage site.

History

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province and Aki Province.[3] This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan's recorded history. Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Together with Nara and Tokyo, Hiroshima is one of the three prefectures with more than one UNESCO World Heritage site. The two such sites in Hiroshima Prefecture are:

Geography

Map of Hiroshima Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town
Fukuyama
Onomichi
Higashihiroshima
Mihara

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Japan . Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast.

The province faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea.[4] The prefecture also includes many small islands.

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima's climate very mild.

As of 1 April 2014, 4% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks (the lowest percentage of any prefecture), namely Setonaikai National Park; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1890 1,319,507 —    
1903 1,508,713 +1.04%
1913 1,691,699 +1.15%
1920 1,541,905 −1.32%
1925 1,617,680 +0.96%
1930 1,692,136 +0.90%
1935 1,804,916 +1.30%
1940 1,869,504 +0.71%
1945 1,885,471 +0.17%
1950 2,081,967 +2.00%
1955 2,149,044 +0.64%
1960 2,184,043 +0.32%
1965 2,281,146 +0.87%
1970 2,436,135 +1.32%
1975 2,646,324 +1.67%
1980 2,739,161 +0.69%
1985 2,819,200 +0.58%
1990 2,849,847 +0.22%
1995 2,881,748 +0.22%
2000 2,878,915 −0.02%
2005 2,876,642 −0.02%
2010 2,860,750 −0.11%
2015 2,844,963 −0.11%
source:[6]

Hiroshima's main industries include automobiles (Mazda is headquartered there) and tourism in two World Heritage sites: the A-Bomb dome and Itsukushima Shrine.

Components of the economy are primary industry, secondary industry, and tertiary industry, which compose 0.6%, 32.6%, and 66.2% in 2015. There is 0.6% of unclassified production.[7]

Value of production of manufacturing is 10,343 billion yen in 2016, which is the 10th largest in Japan. After 2012, production of manufacturing is continuously increasing in 2015.[8]

Education

University

Religion

Similar to the rest of Japan, most people in the Hiroshima Prefecture are Shinto or Buddhist. in 1996 51.2% of the population was Buddhist, 2 were affiliated with Shinto Sects, 44.8% practiced Folk Shinto, and 2% were Christian.[9]

Transportation

Railway

People movers

Streetcars

Roads

  • Route 2
  • Route 31
  • Route 54
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 185
  • Route 186
  • Route 191
  • Route 261
  • Route 313
  • Route 314
  • Route 317
  • Route 375
  • Route 432
  • Route 433
  • Route 434
  • Route 486
  • Route 487
  • Route 488

Ports

  • Kure Port - Ferry route to Edajima, Matsuyama
  • Hiroshima Port - Ferry route to Miyajima, Edajima, Matsuyama and Beppu, and also International Container hub port
  • Mihara Port
  • Onomichi Port
  • Fukuyama Port - International Container hub port

Airports

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima.

Football

Baseball

Volleyball

Basketball

Tourism

Famous festivals and events

  • Onomichi Port Festival - held in April
  • Hiroshima Flower Festival - held from May 3 to 5
  • Fukuyama Rose Festival - held in May
  • Enryuji Tokasan Festival - held in June
  • Gion Festival of Onomichi - held in July
  • Innoshima Water-naval Festival - held in August
  • Miyajima Under-water Firework Festival - held on August 14[citation needed]
  • Yassa Festival of Mihara - held in August
  • Saijo Sake Festival - held in October
  • Onomichi Becher Festival - held on November 3
  • Hiroshima Ebisu Festival - held from November 18 to 20

Copyright