The image is from Wikipedia Commons
A hospital network is a public, non-profit or for-profit company or organization that provides two or more hospitals and other broad healthcare facilities and services. A hospital network may include hospitals in one or more regions within one or more states within one or more countries. A hospital network has one headquarter, usually within one of the regions served by the network facilities. (The term hospital system or health care system is used used more broadly to define the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of a region or country.)
Some of the earliest hospital networks were affiliated with charitable, religious organizations. The Catholic Church established a hospital network in Medieval Europe that was vastly improved from the merely reciprocal hospitality of the Greeks and family-based obligations of the Romans. These hospitals were established to cater to "particular social groups marginalized by poverty, sickness, and age," according to historian of hospitals, Guenter Risse.
In the late 20th century hospital networks were established to make delivery of healthcare more efficient and to share specialized medical services and physicians across the network. To avoid financial losses due to shrinking reimbursements and rising costs as well as improving quality of care and avoid duplication of services, hospitals may consolidate certain services at one hospital. However, patients may need to travel farther if those services are no longer offered at their local hospital.
Largest hospital networks
Hospital networks that do not have reliable sources may not be included; these are not necessarily complete lists.
Ranked by capacity
This is a list of hospital networks with a capacity of more than 2,500 beds.
|Hospital network||Country||Beds||As of year||Ref|
|HCA Healthcare||United States||48,855||2019|||
|Veterans Health Administration||United States||13,000|||
|Chang Gung Medical Foundation||Taiwan||10,050|||
|First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University||China||7,000|||
|Cleveland Clinic||United States||6,026||2019|||
|Manipal Hospitals India||India||5,000|||
|National Healthcare Group||Singapore||4,683||2019|||
|West China Medical Center||China||4,300|||
|Metro Pacific Hospitals||Philippines||3,200||2018|||
|Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust||United Kingdom||2,500||2019|||
Ranked by staff
This is a list of hospital networks with at least 20,000 staff.
|Hospital||Country||Staff||As of year||Ref|
|Veterans Health Administration||United States||330,000|||
|HCA Healthcare||United States||280,000||2019|||
|Kaiser Permanente||United States||217,126||2020|||
|CommonSpirit Health||United States||150,000||2020|||
|Mayo Clinic||United States||70,000||2019|||
|Cleveland Clinic||United States||67,554||2019|||
|Johns Hopkins Medicine||United States||53,352||2018|||
|Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust||United Kingdom||23,000||2019|||
|National Healthcare Group||Singapore||20,594||2019|||
The largest hospital networks headquartered in the United States are included in the table below. The name, headquarters location, number of hospitals, funding type and founding year are given for each network. There were 6,146 hospitals in the United States in 2020, of which 2,240 were managed by the largest 45 hospital networks.
- MercyOne is run under a joint operating agreement between Catholic Health Initiatives and Trinity Health.
- In February 2019, Dignity Health merged with Catholic Health Initiatives, becoming CommonSpirit Health.
- Advocate Aurora Health was formed in 2018 as a merger between Advocate Health Care and Aurora Health Care
- Quorum Health Corporation is a spin-off of Community Health Systems.
Canadian headquartered hospital networks
- Scarborough Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, 3 hospitals
- Sinai Health System, Toronto, Ontario, 2 hospitals
- Toronto East Health Network
- Trillium Health Partners, Toronto, Ontario, 3 hospitals
- Unity Health Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, 3 hospitals
- University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, 4 hospitals
- William Osler Health System, Brampton, Ontario, 2 hospitals
- Grey Bruce Health Services, Grey County, Ontario and Bruce County, Ontario, 6 hospitals
- Halton Healthcare, Greater Toronto Area, 3 hospitals
- London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, 2 hospitals
- McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, 7 hospitals
Irish headquartered hospital networks
A new grouping of hospitals was announced by the Irish Minister for Health, Dr. James Reilly TD in May 2013, as part of a restructure of Irish public hospitals and a goal of delivering better patient care:
- Dublin North East (subsequently renamed RCSI Hospitals)
- Dublin Midlands (subsequently renamed Dublin Midlands Hospital Group)
- Dublin East (subsequently renamed Ireland East Hospital Group)
- South/South West (subsequently renamed South/Southwest Hospital Group)
- West/North West (subsequently renamed Saolta University Health Care Group)
- Mid West (subsequently renamed UL Hospitals Group)
- Aga Khan Health Services, HQ in France
- Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; 44 hospitals
- Chang Gung Medical Foundation, Taiwan, 8 hospitals
- American Hospital Association. "Fast Facts on US Hospitals". Retrieved September 2, 2007.
- Risse, Guenter B (April 1999). Mending Bodies, Saving Souls: A History of Hospitals. Oxford University Press. pp. 59. ISBN 0-19-505523-3.
- Summit's maternity facility to be folded into Alta Bates Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine September 16, 2001 ANG News Online. Accessed September 3, 2007.
- "History of Hospitals". Penn Nursing. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
- Harry A. Sultz and Kristina M. Young (2006). Health Care USA: Understanding Its Organization and Delivery. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
"2019 Annual Report to Shareholders" (PDF). HCA Healthcare. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
At December 31, 2019, we owned and operated 179 general, acute care hospitals with 48,443 licensed beds... At December 31, 2019, we operated three psychiatric hospitals with 412 licensed beds.
- "Consolidated Statistical Information" (PDF). Ascension. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- "IHH Healthcare Berhad". www.ihhhealthcare.com. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- Steinhauer, Jennifer (2020-03-15). "The V.A. Prepares to Back Up a Health Care System Threatened by Coronavirus". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- "Annual Report 2019-20" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- "Overview". chang-gung.com. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "The world's biggest hospital « Week In China". Week In China. 2015-07-03. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
- "Facts & Figures". clevelandclinic.org. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
- "About Manipal Hospitals, Bangalore India". www.manipalhospitals.com. Retrieved 2021-01-25.
- "SingHealth Duke-NUS Academic Medical Centre Annual Report 2020/2021" (PDF). singhealth.com.sg. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
- "NHG Corporate Yearbook FY2019". corp.nhg.com.sg. Retrieved 2021-01-25.
- "Top 10 largest hospitals in the world". www.healthcareglobal.com.
- "FHL Annual Report 2019-20" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-25.
Mosqueda, Mars Jr. (15 October 2019). "Metro Pacific Hospitals raises $684m from KKR and GIC". Nikkei Asia. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
Last year, the group served 3.8 million outpatients and 194,000 inpatients with more than 3,200 beds.
- "Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust Annual Report and Accounts 1st April 2019 to 31st March 2020" (PDF). Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust.
- "Fast facts". www.about.kaiserpermanente.org. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- "UNAUDITED PRO FORMA QUARTERLY REPORT" (PDF). commonspirit.org. CommonSpirit Health. 2020-05-15. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- "About Us - Mayo Clinic Facts". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2021-01-25.
- "The Impact of Johns Hopkins in Maryland" (PDF). December 2020.
- "100 of the largest hospitals and health systems in America in 2019". Becker's Hospital Review. 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
- "Fast Facts about US hospitals". American Hospital Association. 2020. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- "Healthcare fast facts – largest hospital systems in America". Alight Health Solutions. Retrieved November 16, 2020., date of information uncertain
- "Ranking the Nation's 25 Largest Healthcare Systems by Employees". Dark Daily. Retrieved November 7, 2020., American Hospital Directory, Modern Healthcare
- "About Us". MercyOne.org. MercyOne.org. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
- Chandler, Michele. "Merger of Dignity Health and Catholic Health Initiatives is approved". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
- Weaver, Christopher; Jaramillo, Cassandra. "Community Health Spinoff to Focus on Smaller Markets". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
- "About Us". Ballad Health. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- "52 great health systems to know in 2018". Beckers Hospital Review. 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
- "Community Medical Centers". Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- "Minister Announces Hospital Groups and Publishes The Framework for Smaller Hospitals". Department of Health. Department of Health (Ireland). 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Six hospital groups 'most fundamental reform in decades'". Irish Medical Times. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- This page is based on the Wikipedia article Hospital network; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA.