Hussein Kamel of Egypt

Hussein Kamel
Hussein Kamel wearing a traditional tarboosh.
Sultan of Egypt and the Sudan
Coat of arms of the Egyptian Kingdom 2.png
Reign 19 December 1914 – 9 October 1917
Predecessor Abbas Hilmi II (Khedive of Egypt)
Successor Fuad I
Prime Minister Hussein Roshdy Pasha
Born (1853-11-21)21 November 1853
Cairo, Egypt
Died 9 October 1917(1917-10-09) (aged 63)
Cairo, Egypt
    ( m. 1873, divorced)
      ( m. 1887)
      Issue Prince Kamal el Dine Hussein
      Princess Kazma Husayn
      Princess Kamila Husayn
      Prince Ahmed Nazim Bey
      Princess Kadria Husayn
      Princess Samiha Husayn
      Princess Badia Husayn
      Dynasty Muhammad Ali Dynasty
      Father Ismail Pasha
      Mother Nur Felek Qadin

      Sultan Hussein Kamel (Arabic: السلطان حسين كامل‎; November 1853 – 9 October 1917) was the Sultan of Egypt from 19 December 1914 to 9 October 1917, during the British protectorate over Egypt. He was the first person to hold the title of Sultan of Egypt since the killing of Sultan Tuman II by the Ottomans in 1517 following their conquest of Egypt.

      Hussein Kamel was the second son of Khedive Ismail Pasha, who ruled Egypt from 1863 to 1879. He was declared Sultan of Egypt on 19 December 1914, after the occupying British forces had deposed his nephew, Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, on 5 November 1914. Though presented as the re-establishment of the pre-Ottoman Egyptian sultanate, the newly created Sultanate of Egypt was to be a British protectorate, with effective political and military power vested in British officials. This brought to an end the de jure Ottoman sovereignty over Egypt, which had been largely nominal since Muhammad Ali's seizure of power in 1805.

      Tomb of Sultan Hussien Kamel at the Al-Rifa'i Mosque in Cairo

      Upon Hussein Kamel's death, his only son, Prince Kamal al-Din Husayn, declined the succession, and Hussein Kamel's brother Ahmed Fuad ascended the throne as Fuad I. At the beginning of Naguib Mahfouz's novel Palace Walk, Ahmad Abd al-Jawwad says "What a fine man Prince Kamal al-Din Husayn is! Do you know what he did? He refused to ascend the throne of his late father so long as the British are in charge."[1]

      Stereoscope photographs of the coronation procession and burial procession of Sultan Hussein are available on the Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library of the American University in Cairo.


      Domestic [citation needed]
      Foreign [citation needed]


      External links

      Media related to Hussein Kamel of Egypt at Wikimedia Commons

      Stereoscopes of Hussein Kamel's coronation and burial processions

      Hussein Kamel of Egypt
      Born: 21 November 1853 Died: 9 October 1917
      Regnal titles
      Preceded by
      Abbas Hilmi II
      as Khedive of Egypt and Sudan
      Sultan of Egypt and the Sudan
      19 December 1914 - 9 October 1917
      Succeeded by
      Fuad I
      Title last held by
      Tuman Bay II
      Political offices
      Preceded by
      Ali Mubarak Pasha
      Minister of Public Works
      26 August 1872 - 7 September 1875
      Succeeded by
      Ibrahim Yakan Pasha
      Preceded by
      Abdel Hamid Sadeq Pasha
      Speaker of the Legislative Council
      30 January 1909 - 3 March 1910
      Succeeded by
      Mahmoud Fahmi Pasha
      Preceded by
      Mehmed V
      as Ottoman Suzerain
      Head of state of Egypt
      19 December 1914 - 9 October 1917
      Succeeded by
      Fuad I