Ice hockey at the 1980 Winter Olympics

Ice hockey at the 1980 Winter Olympics
Ice hockey pictogram.svg
Tournament details
Host country  United States
Dates February 12–24
Teams 12
Venue(s) Olympic Fieldhouse,
Olympic Arena
Lake Placid, New York
Final positions
Champions Gold medal blank.svg  United States (2nd title)
Runner-up Silver medal blank.svg  Soviet Union
Third place Bronze medal blank.svg  Sweden
Fourth place  Finland
Tournament statistics
Matches played 35
Goals scored 308 (8.8 per match)
Scoring leader(s) Czechoslovakia Milan Nový
(15 points)
1976
1984

The men's ice hockey tournament at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, United States, was the 14th Olympic Championship. Twelve teams competed in the tournament, which was held from February 12 to 24. The United States won its second gold medal, including a win over the heavily favored Soviet Union that became known as the "Miracle on Ice".[1][2] Games were held at the Olympic Fieldhouse (8,000) and the Olympic Arena (2,500).[3]

Format

The IIHF ceased running a championship in Olympic years. Nations that did not participate in the Lake Placid Olympics were invited to compete in the inaugural Thayer Tutt Trophy in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia.

Going into the games, the teams were ranked and divided into two groups. Teams were ranked based on performance during the 1979 World Ice Hockey Championships. Included were the eight teams in the 1979 top Championship Division (Pool "A") as well as the top four teams in the 1979, second-tier, "B" Pool tournament. While Poland finished 8th place in Pool A, the Netherlands, winners of Pool B, were ranked 8th while Poland was ranked 9th going into the Olympics. The total ranking was: Soviet Union (1), Czechoslovakia (2), Sweden (3), Canada (4), Finland (5), West Germany (6), United States (7), Netherlands (8), Poland (9), Romania (10), Norway (11), Japan (12). East Germany was originally ranked tenth but declined to participate, with Japan filling their spot.

Overview

The Soviet Union had won the gold medal in five of the six previous Winter Olympic Games, and were the favorites to win once more in Lake Placid. The team consisted primarily of professional players with significant experience in international play. By contrast, the United States' team—led by head coach Herb Brooks—consisted exclusively of amateur players, and was the youngest team in the tournament and in U.S. national team history. In the group stage, both the Soviet and U.S. teams were unbeaten; the U.S. achieved several notable results, including a 2–2 draw against Sweden, and a 7–3 upset victory over second-place favorites Czechoslovakia.

For the first game in the medal round, the United States played the Soviets. Finishing the first period tied at 2–2, and the Soviets leading 3–2 following the second, the U.S. team scored two more goals to take their first lead during the third and final period, winning the game 4–3. Following the game, the U.S. went on to clinch the gold medal by beating Finland in their last game. The Soviet Union took the silver medal by beating Sweden.

The victory became one of the most iconic moments of the Games and in U.S. sports. Equally well-known was the television call of the final seconds of the game by Al Michaels for ABC, in which he declared: "Do you believe in miracles?! YES!" In 1999, Sports Illustrated named the "Miracle on Ice" the top sports moment of the 20th century.[4] As part of its centennial celebration in 2008, the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) named the "Miracle on Ice" as the best international ice hockey story of the past 100 years.[5]

Medalists

First round

Blue Division

     Team advanced to the Final Round
     Team advanced to Consolation Round
Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
 Sweden 5 4 0 1 26 7 9
 United States 5 4 0 1 25 10 9
 Czechoslovakia 5 3 2 0 34 16 6
 Romania 5 1 3 1 13 29 3
 West Germany 5 1 4 0 21 30 2
 Norway 5 0 4 1 9 36 1

All times are local (UTC–5).

Red Division

Canada vs. the Netherlands
     Team advanced to the Final Round
     Team advanced to Consolation Round
Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
 Soviet Union 5 5 0 0 51 11 10
 Finland 5 3 2 0 26 18 6
 Canada 5 3 2 0 28 12 6
 Poland 5 2 3 0 15 23 4
 Netherlands 5 1 3 1 16 43 3
 Japan 5 0 4 1 7 36 1

All times are local (UTC–5).

Consolation round

The third-placed teams in each division played each other to determine fifth place.

Final round

The top two teams from each group play the top two teams from the other group once. Points from previous games against their own group carry over, excluding teams who failed to make the medal round. First place team wins gold, second silver and third bronze.

Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
 United States 3 2 0 1 10 7 5
 Soviet Union 3 2 1 0 16 8 4
 Sweden 3 0 1 2 7 14 2
 Finland 3 0 2 1 7 11 1

Head-to-head results carried forward from group matches:

  • February 12: Sweden 2–2 USA
  • February 18: Finland 2–4 USSR

Final round matches:

Statistics

Average age

Team Japan was the oldest team in the tournament, averaging 30 years. Gold medalists team USA was the youngest team in the tournament, averaging 22 years and 5 months. Silver medalists team USSR averaged 26 years and 5 months. Tournament average was 25 years and 5 months.[6]

Leading scorers

Rank Player GP G A Pts
1 Czechoslovakia Milan Nový 6 7 8 15
2 Czechoslovakia Peter Šťastný 6 7 7 14
3 Czechoslovakia Jaroslav Pouzar 6 8 5 13
4 Soviet Union Aleksandr Golikov 7 7 6 13
5 Finland Jukka Porvari 7 7 4 11
6 Soviet Union Boris Mikhailov 7 6 5 11
6 Soviet Union Vladimir Krutov 7 6 5 11
8 Czechoslovakia Marián Šťastný 6 5 6 11
9 Soviet Union Sergei Makarov 7 5 6 11
9 United States Mark Johnson 7 5 6 11

Hat trick scorers

Leading goaltenders

Goaltenders with 40% or more of their team's total minutes.

Rank Goaltender TOI GA SV GAA SV%
1  Jim Craig (USA) 419:36 15 163 2.14 91.57
2  Antero Kivelä (FIN) 180:00 10 90 3.33 90.00
3  Vladimir Myshkin (URS) 260:00 9 77 2.08 89.53
4  Paul Pageau (CAN) 236:50 11 82 2.79 88.17
5  Pelle Lindbergh (SWE) 300:00 18 124 3.60 87.32

Shutouts

Final ranking

These standings are presented as the IIHF has them,[7] however the IOC maintains that Poland and Romania tied for 7th, the Netherlands and West Germany tied for 9th, and Norway and Japan tied for 11th[8]

References

  1. ^ Brown, Frank (February 11, 1990). "Debacle on ice: Lake Placid ghosts still haunt Soviets". Beaver County Times. (New York Daily News). p. C14.
  2. ^ Swift, E.M. (March 3, 1980). "The Golden Goal". Sports Illustrated. p. 16.
  3. ^ "Ice Hockey at the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Games". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  4. ^ "The 20th Century Awards: Sports Illustrated honors world's greatest athletes". Sports Illustrated. December 3, 1999. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  5. ^ "Top Story of the Century". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
  6. ^ https://www.quanthockey.com/olympics/en/teams/team-canada-players-1980-olympics-stats.html
  7. ^ IIHF Media Guide and Record Book (2011) p. 113
  8. ^ IOC database of results

External links

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