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Islamic Republic of Iran Army
|Islamic Republic of Iran Army|
|ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران|
Seal of the Army of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Flags of the Army of the Islamic Republic of Iran
|Current form||1979 (1979) (Islamic Republic)|
|Commander-in-Chief||Amir Sarlashkar A. Mousavi|
|Budget||$2,036.91 million (1395 SH)|
The Army of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران), acronymed AJA (Persian: آجا), simply known as the Iranian Army or Artesh (Persian: ارتش, romanized: Arteš), is the "conventional military of Iran" and part of Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The army is tasked to protect the territorial integrity of the Iranian state from external and internal threats as well as to project power. It is directed by the Joint Staff, which coordinates its four branches: the Ground Forces, Air Force, Navy and the newly established Air Defense Force.
Missions and deployments
The Iranian army has fought against two major invasions in contemporary times. The 1941 invasion by Allied forces during World War II resulted in a decisive loss for the Iranian forces, the deposition of Iran's Shah and five years of subsequent occupation, while the 1980 Iraqi invasion began a war lasting almost eight years, which ended in status quo ante bellum. The army has also been actively engaged in quelling tribal and separatist rebellions beginning in the 1940s in order to protect Iran's territorial integrity.
From 1972 to 1976, Iranian troops were sent to Oman to fight against the Dhofar Rebellion. In 1976, a contingent was sent to Pakistan to assist the Pakistani Army against Baloch insurgents. Iranian personnel were also reportedly present in the Vietnam War. In 2016, members of the Iranian Special Forces were deployed to fight in the Syrian Civil War.
International peacekeeping missions
The Iranian Army participated in UN peacekeeping missions in the 1970s, sending a battalion to replace Peruvian forces in the Golan Heights as part of the Disengagement Observer Force. After the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, the bulk of the forces were part of the Interim Force in Lebanon until late 1978. Replaced by Finnish forces, Iranian peacekeepers were withdrawn in 1979 following the Islamic revolution.
In 1993, the Iranian Army reestablished its professional peacekeeping units and declared that they are ready to be dispatched at the UN's directive. Since then, Iran has deployed forces in Ethiopia and Eritrea in 2003 and the African Union Mission in Darfur in 2012.
The Iranian Army has deployed forces to help the Red Lion and Sun and Red Crescent societies in rescue and relief missions after domestic natural disasters, including clearing roads, reestablishing communications, supplying goods, airlifting equipment, transporting casualties and personnel and setting up field hospitals and post-hospital care centres.
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